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Compare & Contrast Donne's 'The Sun Rising' And Marvell's 'To His Coy Mistress'

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Introduction

Compare & Contrast Donne's 'The Sun Rising' And Marvell's 'To His Coy Mistress' In this essay I am going to be writing about the poems The Sun Rising (John Donne), To His Coy Mistress (Andrew Marvell). I am going to be looking for the rhyme, language and the overall effect that the poets use to create different atmospheres in their poems. John Donne was a famous writer of love poetry in the late 1500's. He writes his poems using a tone of real speech, making the experience of the poem seem immediate. On the other hand, Andrew Marvell uses deep thought about love. This deep thought leads to the use of the shocking jokes, which may be seen by some to be disturbing. Marvell wrote in the mid 17th Century and was famous for writing many different types of poems including love poems and poems that attacked the government. Both poems that I am studying were written in the period of metaphysical poetry (1590 - 1670). Metaphysical poems have a tendency to contain core themes, often written with the use of conceits and metaphorical contexts. Both The Sun Rising and To His Coy Mistress are love poems. They show their feelings for a loved one in different ways, mixing their own style, complex images and different language into their writing. ...read more.

Middle

and the first hyperbole (line 8). This rhyming scheme uses 8 syllables per line, which shows a sense of urgency. Again the short lines stress on the urgency that Marvell is trying to show. Marvell uses the phrase 'My vegetable love should grow'; it uses a conceit to show time in a metaphorical sense. These words produce a picture of slow growing love that is always alive. His forever love can be shown through the hyperbole, 'vaster than empires and more slow'. Empires are seen to be strong, so he uses his love and compares its greatness to an empire. Marvell uses many literary devices such as jokes, hyperboles, similes and metaphors to achieve the effect that he is after. In the first stanza alone he uses three jokes: "Thou by the Indian Ganges' side Should'st rubies find; I by the tide Of Humber would complain" (lines 5-7) After this first joke, Marvell sets out in using hyperboles to exaggerate his love for his mistress. He uses eight hyperboles in the first stanza starting on line 8 and continuing on each line till 18 missing out a hyperbole on lines 9,11,13. All these hyperboles add to the effect as he is trying to tell his mistress how much he loves her and how he feels that they need to take a further step in their relationship. ...read more.

Conclusion

These similes are used to great effect in urging his mistress to give in to him. But this language is much harsher and more aggressive than the rest of his poem. Words such as 'devour', 'tear', and 'rough strife' add to the aggressiveness of "like amorous birds of prey". He even uses hints of violence in the last stanza: "At every pore with instant fires, Now let us sport us while we may; And now, like amorous birds of prey, Rather at once our time devour" (lines 36-39) "Let us roll all our strength, and all Our sweetness, up into one ball; And tear our pleasures with rough strife Thorough the iron gates of life." (lines 41-44) Overall I feel that Marvell's poem is very harsh in the way that it tries to convince the lover to take the relationship a step further. The language used, hyperbole, metaphors and the jokes, fit the type of poem very well as the short lines and language used is very convincing. I see The Sun Rising by John Donne as two lovers who experience true love, as they cannot tolerate being apart from one another. It uses much more pleasant language, however the personification of the sun allows the poem to talk to the sun directly and hence express his love by telling the sun how they were the whole world and how they meant everything. ...read more.

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