• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare the use of poetry in the nineteenth century and the way in which it comments on its society's problems and attitudes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare the use of poetry in the nineteenth century and the way in which it comments on its society's problems and attitudes. Poetry in the nineteenth century was widely used as a satirical way of commenting on the problems with the society. These problems included: public hangings and the way in which they encouraged crime rather than deterring it; the position of women and the way in which they could only survive in society by becoming prostitutes; the obsession with money which was more important than all else; finally the poverty in which the working classes lived while the rich, including the church, did not lift a finger to help them in any way. "A London F�te" by Coventry Patmore was written in 1853. This poem explains the effects of a public hanging on the people who witness it, and what they are encouraged to carry out afterwards, as they are in no way deterred by this form of punishment. It uses macabre and critical tone with a continuous irony making it very serious throughout. Using this tone it highlights the Victorian hypocrisy. The title of the poem is very ironic. A f�te is a festival and time of celebration and happiness, however in this poem a f�te is a public hanging which should not be a time of celebration but of consideration for the crimes which the culprit has committed. ...read more.

Middle

This interpretation enables the reader to see that gossip was acceptable in Victorian society even though the commandments tell them not to do this. The rhyming scheme is continuously in rhyming couplets such as "Thou shalt not kill: but needst not strive Officiously to keep alive:" The use of rhyming couplets shows the reader the hypocrisy of Victorian society in a poetical form, which is easy to understand, and also makes the poem more memorable for the reader. The last four lines of the poem include the most irony as they show that Victorians followed Jesus' teaching to love thy neighbour, but from this teaching took the interpretation that they should love God and their neighbours but never to love them more than they loved themselves. The poem, in this way, ends leaving the reader with the knowledge that the Victorian society is both hypocritical and extremely ironic. "London" by William Blake was written in 1791. The poem is concise and simple with the results that its message is easily understood and further emphasised. It criticises the condition of London, both for those in poverty, the children and many women. It is very explicit and mentions many problems with the Victorian society. The tone is very serious so that the message cannot be misinterpreted or simply ignored. ...read more.

Conclusion

A maid suggests a virgin and ruined suggests prostitution and so the poem begins with an ironic title to add to the message expressed in the poem. The poem uses metonymy to heighten its message. Metonymy can be found in "bright feathers three!" and this line shows the luxury and comfort in which the ruined maid now lives. There is a use of dialect words such as "thick oon" and "t'other" in order to accentuate the difference between the two girls even more. The poem uses rhyming couplets to add to the humorous and comic tone already present in the poem. These rhymes further highlight the difference between the good country girl and the high-class prostitute. Rhyming couplets are seen in "And now you've gay bracelets and bright feathers three!- Yes: that's how we dress when we're ruined, said she." This rhyme emphasises the metonymy further and heightens the difference between the girls even more. This poem uses metonymy and a humorous tone along with rhyming couplets to put across the point that prostitution rewards a girl and working hard in the country leaves a girl impoverished and uneducated. These entire poems show the hypocrisy of Victorian society by accentuating the problems of the society with the use of literary devices and a rhyming scheme. These poems use a variety of well known literary devices to emphasise the hypocrisy and irony of the Victorian society. Jess Bernardez Page 1 4/12/2008 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparisons section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparisons essays

  1. The Portrayal of Women in Pre 1914 Poetry

    She wants equality to her other half and not to be bought by possessions and be worshiped and this shows by saying "I am no doll to dress for feeble worship". The word "feeble" emphasises that her being worshiped by her husband would be pathetic and meaningless to her.

  2. Pre-1914 poetry analysis

    be worried about what will be behind the door, he knows something bad has already happened so he thinks worse may come of it. Also as his son was killed in the machinery his corpse would be deformed so this adds to the horror of the occurrence.

  1. Compare and contrast the way that murder, those who commit and the effect it ...

    A stranger factor and motive of murder is gaining positive feelings out of the crime i.e. pleasure and excitement. Two prime examples which typify these two controversial motives are 'The Laboratory' and 'The Poison Tree'. The Laboratory is similar to quite a few poems i.e.

  2. Compare the ways in which London is Portrayed by William Wordsworth and William Blake

    The word means to be controlled and to be ordered but the manner in which Blake has used the words make the reader perceive that London is a largely corrupt country which is being wholly controlled and restricted: "near where the chartered Thames does flow", in this context Blake has

  1. Pre 20th Century Poetry Coursework

    Donne try's to make their relationship seem of a metaphysical nature as their 'parents grudge, and you, we're met, and cloister'd in these living walls of jet' He could be telling his audience that, although there are all these

  2. Analyse how Poets present their attitudes to War in three of the poems you ...

    The Second poem "Come up from the fields Father" written by Walt Whitman about the American Civil War. Whitman himself was a military nurse and saw firsthand the horrific effect both upon the soldiers and the population as a whole.

  1. Compare and contrast the way John Clare and Coventry Patmoore portray their protests in ...

    The phrase, "confused and affrighting" also gives the image of a confused, frightened animal with no means of defending itself thereby evoking more sympathy and again making the event seem dreadfully unjust. Another technique used by both of the poets to portray their protests is the creation of a specific atmosphere.

  2. Compare the attitudes of the commanding officers in at least three poems writtten before ...

    The author of the "The Drum" is a Quaker which means that he is very anti-war and against the idea of violence, so you can imagine how he would depict the leader. Scott says that "I hate that drum's discordant sound," this shows that he dislikes the horrible rhythm of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work