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Compare the ways Duffy and Armitage present Anti-Social Behaviour in "Stealing" and "Hitcher". b) Compare the ways in which the attitudes of the speaker are presented in two poems from the Pre-1914 Poetry Bank.

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a) Compare the ways Duffy and Armitage present Anti-Social behaviour in 'Stealing' and 'Hitcher'. b) Compare the ways in which the attitudes of the speaker are presented in two poems from the Pre-1914 Poetry Bank. In Duffy's 'Stealing' she creates an air of enthusiasm over anti-social behaviour. The narrator (and criminal) seems to be excited as he explains to us how he stole this "magnificent" snowman. Duffy uses alliteration when describing this crime by saying "Midnight. He looked magnificent;...white mute beneath the winter moon". This portrays the criminals passion towards his criminal life and actions. He then boasts about how heavy the snowman was that he carried, which conveys an idea of pride over his work. This emphasises Duffy's presentation that people who commit anti-social behaviour are extremely irrational and twisted. Furthermore, he seems to think that "part of the thrill was knowing that children would cry in the morning", which shows what horrible people criminals are. There is no better excuse as to why he committed such a worthless crime other than for the kick out of seeing children cry. This shows his disregard towards the general public. He then states that "life's tough", which is a very hypocritical comment as he is making people's lives harder by doing what he does, and also making his life much harder. ...read more.


He says "I let him have it" and other such phrases to show this. By doing this, Armitage creates an air of disbelief to the audience - they find it shocking that they want to read on and think about what the man is really like. The narrator also uses insensitive verbs such as "bouncing" when describing his murder. This is done to present the harshness of the murderer, not only to the victim but to the general public. The structure also indicates what both Duffy and Armitage believe about the narrator. Both 'Stealing' and 'Hitcher' have regular stanzas with 5 lines in each. Both poets do this to show that the criminal commits his crimes on a regular basis. At no point is there any enjambment to represent a change in their actions. In 'Stealing' there is little rhyming, and the rhymes that do occur happen half way through a line, such as "chill...thrill". This conveys an idea of confusion within the narrators mind. In 'Hitcher' there is only two rhymes throughout the poem. The first is at the beginning and the last ends the poem. The first is heavily connected to work with words like "hired" and "fired". ...read more.


This is a mockery of other poets and his characters (Malvolho for example), who tend to write and speak in such a fashion. In line 9, Shakespeare finally starts with a compliment to humour tradition and to show his affection, but then he swiftly manoeuvres his compliment into another mockery. After the volta, Shakespeare stops his subversion and concludes that actually, his love is "as rare" as anyone else's, he loves her just the same as the poet who wrote that his lover was as beautiful as whatever! The way Shakespeare writes this sonnet makes his love seem more genuine than others of that period. The realism in this poem makes it more readable for the audience due to the fact that they are not swamped with ridiculous over-exaggerations. He also writes it in sonnet format, with iambic pentameter and an alternate line rhyming scheme. This emphasises the love aspect of the poem, as nearly all sonnets were love based. This also portrays Shakespeare's love towards his lady as being similar and comparable to others. Shakespeare also indents the last two lines after the volta, which emphasise the most crucial message in the poem. This conclusion shows the audience that love is unconditional, and makes the poem just as romantic as any other. ...read more.

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