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Comparing and Contrasting Cynddylan and Lore

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Introduction

After studying a number of poems by the Welsh poet R.S Thomas, I have decided to analysis two in detail which share the same theme of work but convey different attitudes relating to the way this work is conducted. The poems I have chosen are 'Cynddylan' and 'Lore' through which I feel Thomas effectively convey his attitudes to his twin passions; the Welsh people and the Welsh landscape. R.S Thomas was a Welsh poet who was born in north Whales in 1993. He was a vicar in a very poor parish, and also a minister for the poor hill farmers in area. R.S Thomas wrote many of his poems about the poor and hard conditions the Welsh farmers had to live through. He died in 2000. The two poems we looked closely at were 'Cynddylan' and 'Lore'. Cynddylan, on the surface, is about a farmer who has got a new tractor, but if we look deeper we see that Thomas uses the character of Cynddylan to convey his own attitudes, both political and religious, to the in industrialisation of farming. In this poem the poet is trying to show how abandoning traditional farming methods for mechanical farming can separate you from nature. ...read more.

Middle

the reader, as they see Cynddylan passing 'proudly up the lane' when he is completely oblivious and ignorant to the negative effect he is having on the natural environment. The use of rhyme here emphasises the poet's criticism against Cynddylan. In 'Lore' there are many rhyming couplets as they occur in much shorter lines they help to strengthen the forcefulness of Job's statements. The rhyming pattern is AABB and this regular rhyming pattern gives 'Lore' a tight control and structured quality. 'What to do? Stay green Never mind the machine.' In 'Lore' Thomas captures the rhythm of Davies through his use of rhyming couplets. The rhyming couplets seem to mirror his movements with his scythe. In Cynddylan there no apparent or consistent rhythm, which would suggest how out of sync Cynddylan is with nature. In Cynddylan, R.S Thomas uses the technique of metaphors to ridicule and mock the farmer. The first apparent metaphor is in the lines: 'Gone the old look that yoked him to the soil ' 'His nerves of metal and his blood oil' The poet uses the image of Cynddylan being no longer a slave or a part of the soil; he has been completely taken over by the machine. ...read more.

Conclusion

A difference between the two poems is how the poet uses poetic techniques for very different effects. In' Cynddylan' the poet uses metaphors to ridicule the farmer for example, Cynddylan ignores 'the sun' and 'runs his engine on a different fuel', and this metaphor shows Cynddylan is no longer a part of nature. Another example of Thomas using metaphors to ridicule Cynddylan is in the line 'Gone the old look that yoked him to the soil ''His nerves of metal and his blood oil'. This again shows how he has become a part of the machine. In 'Cynddylan' there is no apparent rhyme scheme or structure, and Thomas uses this to show how Cynddylan is no longer in sync with nature. The use of poetic techniques in 'Cynddylan' evokes no sympathy from the reader and makes him out to be a dislikeable character. And in 'Lore' he uses the same techniques but to different affects, mainly to show the hardships Job Davies has to go through every day, and to inspire some sympathy in the reader. The poet describes how this old man stays true to traditional farming methods,' Stay Green, Never mind the machine' and how he defiantly resists the 'slow poison' of time. This metaphor evokes sympathy in the reader and makes Job out be a likeable character. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Brown 12L ...read more.

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