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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: English
  • Essay length: 1211 words

Critical Evaluation - "Animal Farm" - George Orwell.

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Introduction

Critical Evaluation - "Animal Farm" - George Orwell Raymond England 4r2 The novel "Animal Farm" by George Orwell tells us the story of a farm's change to Communism, through animals. It loosely tells the story of the fall of the Czar's rule and the rise of Communism in Russia. In this Critical Evaluation, I will analyse the major themes in the book and compare how the story runs with history. Eric Arthur Blair, AKA, George Orwell, was born in 1903 in Bengal, India, the son of an English civil servant. He attended Eton public school from 1917-1921 and served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922-1927. From 1936-1937, he fought in the Spanish Civil War. His two most famous books are "1984", written in 1949, and "Animal Farm", which was written in 1945. He also published lesser-known books and many essays until his death in 1950. "Animal Farm" is a story which exists on two levels, first as a fable in which animals talk and act like humans and secondly as a political satire in which the author hits out at the abuses of the Communist regime and doctrines with reference to Russia and Joseph Stalin.

Middle

Mollie epitomizes the higher-class workers who suffered under the Communist regime, as they did not get the higher wages, but the same as everyone else. Clover epitomizes the middle-class workers who did not mind the change, as it did not affect them too much. The sheep on the farm represent the "Yes-Men", people blindly following their master. The raven that occasionally visits the farm symbolizes the Christian Church, which was expelled from Russia during Stalin's rule, but was invited back near the end of his rule. Lastly of the animals, Benjamin, the donkey, represents the Intellectual Jews that knew what was going on, but could not tell the others. There are only three human characters in "Animal Farm" and these are Farmer Jones, Frederick and Pilkington. Farmer Jones symbolises Czar Nicholas II, a tyrant who eventually drove his people to revolution in 1918. Frederick represents Germany, with whom Russia (Animal Farm) eventually made a trade treaty. Pilkington epitomises Great Britain, who also becomes an ally of Russia because she is afraid of her and does not want to miss out in anything, especially profits form trade.

Conclusion

Firstly, where does Vladimir Lenin come into the story? Lenin was the leader of Russia between Czar Nicholas II and Stalin (Jones and Napoleon) and isn't mentioned at all in the story as a character. Secondly, what happens after the meeting between the pigs and the men? Do the animals revolt (again)? Or do they live under Napoleon and his predecessors until the farm goes bankrupt? Personally, I think a fitting ending would be that the animals revolt and overthrow Napoleon, the pigs and the dogs. They then destroy the windmill (for the third time) and elect a leader. This would certainly fit in with history as the destruction of the windmill would symbolize the fall of the Soviet Union in 1989, and the election would symbolize Capitalism coming back into the country. The novel "Animal Farm" by George Orwell tells us the story of a farm's change to Communism, through animals. It loosely tells the story of the fall of the Czar's rule and the rise of Communism in Russia. In this Critical Evaluation, I have tried to analyse the major themes in the book, compare how the story runs with history and also added my own thoughts as to how the story could or should have ended.

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