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'Cry about the simple hell people give other people'. Discuss with reference to To kill a mockingbird and comment on whether it's a pessimistic novel

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'Cry about the simple hell people give other people'. Discuss with reference to To kill a mockingbird and comment on whether it's a pessimistic novel In to kill a mockingbird, we see all kinds of hell people give each other as said by the character Dolphus Raymond, and how innocent people suffer in different ways as a result. There is the hell of family life, Dill never had a father, 'I haven't got one' and his mother once remarried didn't want him around. So 'he just gets passed around from relatives to relatives and Miss Rachel keeps him every summer'. Unlike Scout and Jem, he has never felt the love and security a child ought to feel. ...read more.


Social divisions played a big part in the 'hell' people give each other. The professionals like Atticus and Miss Maudie are at the top of the social hierarchy, followed by the 'ignorant' farmers like the Cunninghams and then comes the Ewells who are considered as 'white trash'. This is why Mayella never had any friends; she 'must have been the loneliest person in the world'. But not only she has been cut of by social divisions, she had never received a bit of family love, motherless, having to look after all the children and living with a drunken father who 'spends his relief cheques on green whiskey'. Her terrible life is what let her to 'tempt a negro' as Tom was the only one who has ever been friendly to her. ...read more.


There are people in Maycomb who "say that fair play is not marked white only", like Atticus, Miss Maudie, Judge Taylor...all these professionals are aware of and unwilling to collude in the racist atmosphere of the time. At the end of the novel Scout learns to accept and treat people equally, 'I think there's just one kind of folks, folks', and she understood turning Boo in would sort of be like 'shooting a mockingbird'. Lee portrays children, the future generations as simply good, 'seems that only children weep' at the injustice of society. We are left satisfied that even though the adults in society may not change at that present time, the children will change society when they become adults. ...read more.

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