Death Of A Salesman
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The Death of a Salesman 'The Death of a Salesman' is one of Arthur Miller's earlier plays and was written in 1949. The play is based in Yonkers, New York in 1940. Miller's Father was in a substantial financial crisis as there was a recession which led the family business to be put in jeopardy. Due to the recession and the Miller financial crisis, Arthur had to pay for his own tuition to study journalism and play writing in the University of Michigan. All of Arthur's plays were based on his life and all of the experiences he had encountered. Miller wrote his plays this way as he would have a first hand account of the events. 'The Death of a Salesman' is a disguise of Arthur Miller's past time of his family business's bankruptcy and financial crisis. In 'The Death of a Salesman', Willy Loman is in a crisis. He's about to lose his job, he can't pay his bills, and his sons Biff and Happy don't respect him and can't seem to live up to their potential. He wonders what went wrong and how he can make things up to his family. Willy Loman is a small, old man who believes he is of no significance. He just hopes for his children to do the best and be happy with what they achieve in life.
Miller continuously puts a negative concept on the American Dream bring references to the negative factors. Another relationship which shows Willy's weakening grasp on reality is the one shared by Ben and Willy, they both participate in an awkward relationship as Willy is jealous of Ben. Ben is a very self absorbed individual but despite he is idolised over, he is successful but an idiotic character. "The man knew what he wanted then he went out and got it!" This phrase tells us the he is an arrogant character who has achieved his own concept of the 'American Dream' but is the gluttonous approach. Willy believes that Ben is some kind of hero but to everybody else, he is a bit short of a 'hero'. As Willy is jealous of Ben, he feels he needs to live up to his brothers influences and he then lies to Linda about his achievements. Eventually, Linda discovers what Willy is doing and he then contradicts himself. These factors show that he is losing his grasp on reality because he isn't able to admit defeat and failure. This relationship is unstable because they are constantly trying to out-do each other and be better that the other. However this usually ends in family feuds or leading the 'lower' person to become depressed.
The woman is laughing at the deceitful lies Willy is telling Linda about his day's earnings because he is keeping money aside for her and is leaving less money to support the family. Willy is under a financial crisis as he is putting his money towards the welfare of two women. The laugh symbolises society laughing at his because he is a fool and everybody knows it. Society mock Willy because he has to borrow money from his son in able to make his wife believe that he has more earnings than he does after he splits them two ways, also that his tricks are obvious and manipulative upon Linda.. All of the dramatic devices are effective because they show society's opinion of Willy Loman, just a depressed elderly man in marriage and financial troubles. To conclude, the relationships in this family are all messed up and have come undone. The relationships are a straight jacket on the family's communication and chains are weighing Willy and Linda down, to the point, suicide is an option. The boys, Biff and Happy are being unsociable towards Willy and he isn't able to cope with all of the dilemmas that he is putting up with at that point. (I don't know what else to write in the conclusion, I have followed the guidelines but I don't know how to conclude about the relationships.) Ben Davies 10F2 Page 1
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