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DESCRIBE AND ANALYSE THE FRIENDSHIP THAT EXISTS BETWEEN PIP AND GOE GARGERY IN GREAT EXPECTATIONS Charles Dickens wrote 'Great Expectations' in 1861. It was first published in a magazine called 'All Year Round', in serialized form. Every week he would leave the readers wanting to buy the next weeks copy by finishing with a cliff - hanger ending. The story plots the development of Pip, an orphan, from a young boy to adulthood. It begins with his life with his cruel sister and her kind husband Joe, the Blacksmith. Two events determine the Next three decades of his life. Firstly he helps an escaped convict. Secondly he is called to entertain the wealthy Miss Havisham and her ward, Estella, who he falls in love with. He becomes discontented with this "common life" and after inheriting money he is thrown into a shallow life of luxury and breaks the bonds with his past life. After being very ill Pip realises that being a gentleman means more than having money and an education. Many of Dickens books are about childhood difficulties. Perhaps this is because he was drawing on the experience of his own difficult childhood and his own desire, like Pips to become a gentleman. ...read more.


Their friendship changes when Pip visits Miss Havesham when Estella teases him for being a "common labouring Boy". He begins to question his upbringing at the Forge and wants to be a gentleman. Joe has no aspirations for himself or for Pip other than Pip becoming his apprentice. These expectations contrast with Pip's and his desire to become part of Estella's rich world. Under the influence of false pride and vanity Pip becomes ashamed of himself and Joe with his simple ways. However he still loves Joe as he spends he said the loneliest night of his life before leaving for London. He also cries as he leaves, this shows he still feels connected to Joe and loves him. However, once in London the tears soon dry. He becomes a 'gentleman' and never contacts Joe. He has become a member of a different social class, one with money, whereas Joe is still a simple, uneducated working-class man. Dickens shows this in their dialects, Joe's common working-class dialect remains the same but Pip's gets more posh. Joe even calls him "Sir". This shows their relationship has altered and they do not see each other as equal any more. When Joe visits Pip in London Pip is uncomfortable and embarrassed finding faults with Joe's behaviour and manner. ...read more.


The reader likes and feels sympathy for Pip because he speaks directly to them admitting frankly about his poor behaviour and his remorse at his treatment of Joe. It also makes the story more intimate and believable if someone is relating their own life. I found the friendship between Pip and Joe very convincing and very moving, especially when Pip rejected Joe in London. One of the main strengths of the book was Joe and Pip's relationship. It gave the novel humanity and was also morally educational. The most memorable part for me was when Pip first visited Miss Haversham. The description of her and her home I found very visual and I also found it very sad that she had wasted her life. Dickens books explore snobbery and social class in the hope of making people think and bring about a more just system. Books were a good way to reach people in those days. Dickens attacked society's values and wrote from the point of view of the lower class. His books are still of value today. We still treat people differently according to how they speak. Dickens also teaches us the destructive power of wealth, which is shown by Pip's moral deterioration when becoming a 'gentleman'. Dickens also explores ideas about redemption, selfless love, honour and real love and friendship. All of these themes are explored vividly in the relationship between Pip and Jo. ...read more.

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