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Dickens wants the reader to feel sympathetic towards Pip. How is this achieved? The aim of this coursework is to identify all techniques used by Dickens to create sympathy towards Pip.

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Introduction

Priscilla Naiga GCSE English Coursework December 2005 Great Expectations By Charles dickens Task: In chapter 8, 14 and 49, Pip a boy from a humble background meets with a rich and eccentric lady Miss Havisham. An atmosphere is built that reveals aspect of Pip's changing character. Dickens wants the reader to feel sympathetic towards Pip. How is this achieved? The aim of this coursework is to identify all techniques used by Dickens to create sympathy towards Pip. Pip is an orphan boy living with his overbearing sister and her kind husband Joe Gargery. As an infant Pip was unable to say his name Philip Pirrip, Philip being his Christian name and Pirrip being his father's family name so he shortened his name and called himself Pip and came to be known as so. Pip is from a family in the lower social class but everything is turned around when he receives a great expectation later in his life. Pip and Miss Havisham first encountered in chapter eight at her manor, Satis House when a visit is arranged for Pip to come and play with Estella. The visit was arranged, in chapter seven, by a merchant obsessed with money, Uncle Pumblechook, Pip's pretentious uncle. Miss Havisham is in the upper class and Pip is in the lower class so for him to be at Miss Havisham's is an honor. Their differing social background is important as it introduces Pip to the upper class which eventually leads to Pip's one and only desire to become a gentleman so that he may be worthy of having Estella. The Satis house has a grey eerie atmosphere and a setting of imprisonment which is likely to seem as though to Pip. When he first encounters the house he must feel as though his freedom has been taken away from him when he the gates are shut and locked with keys. ...read more.

Middle

Despite Estella being told of Pip's name, she still continuously calls him "boy." It is as if she is trying to remind him of their social difference. They of the same age yet he still allows her to disrespect him. This is sympathetic because most children would argue their case to be called by their name if a child of the same age was calling them boy. Even though Estella has no respect for Pip whatsoever, he still falls in love with her. "Though she called me 'boy' so often, and with a carelessness that was far from complimentary, she was of my own age. She seemed much older than I, of course, being a girl, and a beautiful and self-possessed; and she was as scornful of me as if she had been one-and-twenty, and a queen." Pip has noticed that Estella is treating Pip by his class and knows that she is being rude to him yet he still falls for her love trap. The way in which Miss Havisham uses Pip is sympathetic. She orders Pip to "play, play, play!" but deep in her mind she is intending for Estella to "break his heart." Because she is heart broken she is deciding to use Estella to destroy Pip, a humble boy's heart. This is unfair towards Pip and to make it worse he has already fallen for Estella. When Pip cries as he leaves Satis House, "...leaned my sleeve against the wall there, and leaned my forehead forward on it and cried." Pip has seem what it is like being in the upper class and is starting to feel shame for his behaviours which had never troubled him before, "They had never troubled me before, but they troubled me now as vulgar appendages. I determined to ask Joe why he had ever taught me to call the picture-cards, Jacks, which ought to be called Knaves. ...read more.

Conclusion

pain and she is constantly reminding him of their social differences and he still is ready to loose his life for her. He even ended up burn his hands and he did not know because he was so dedicated to save her life. "I was astonished to see that both my hand were burnt; for I had no knowledge of it through the sense of feeling." This takes great dedication and a big heart to unnoticeably harm yourself whilst saving someone who ruined your total love life. The use of Pip as a narrator some how creates sympathy. For him to tell his whole life story is one thing, but to embrace all his wrong doings as well as his right is another. Naturally, any human who is giving an account of something which includes them would tell that account so that they have no faults, but Pip made sure people knew of his faults as well as his good deeds. This is sheer honesty and makes us sympathize with him. In conclusion I think that Dickens is successful in making the reader feel sympathetic towards Pip, in the story Great Expectations. I think this because of the points which I have stated in my piece of coursework. Pip is a young orphan boy, from a very humble background, whom has gone through a great deal throughout his life to get a great expectation, become a gentleman and be worthy the beautiful but mean Estella. Dickens was also successful in making the reader feel sympathetic towards Pip due to the way he was introduced in the story a three different stages of his life; as a child, when we are introduced to his background and lifestyle. As an adolescent, when he is first introduced to Estella when he goes to Miss Havisham's manor, Satis House, to play. And as an adult, when he receives a great expectation from his secret benefactor, Magwitch, then later becomes a gentleman. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - ...read more.

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