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Discus the importance of the Psychoanalytic and Behaviourist Schools of thought.

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Introduction

Discus the importance of the Psychoanalytic and Behaviourist Schools of thought. B: Behaviourism was considered to be founded by Watson in the early1900's. Watson as a psychologist looked at other methods of psychological research examples such as the method of introspection developed by Wundt. Watson looked at structuralism and functionalism and felt that the results were not accurate as they only applied to a single person and were not applicable as general theories. Watson had strong beliefs that psychological research should only take place if there was physical evidence to back up the theory. ...read more.

Middle

Through Watson's experiments on babies he found that conditioning could take place in humans as well as in animals as previously shown Pavlov. Watson soon realised from a young age aspects of the human personality could be conditioned such as fear, love and aggression. This conditioning through associating a loud noise (the unconditioned stimuli), which upsets and scares the child, with an object or animal causing crying etc. (Unconditioned response) proved too be very successful although morally and ethically incorrect. Behaviourism delivered results yet it still had many faults. There was a very small amount actual involved in the behaviourist approach as the human brain was not addressed leaving no proof of the reasons conditioning occurred. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to the fact that all of us are born with these impulses, they exert a pervasive influence that must be dealt with in some manner. The repression of these impulses is said to force them out of awareness and into the subconscious. These repressed impulses do not disappear and Freud's theory states that they manifest themselves as emotional problems, symptoms of mental illness, or socially approved behaviour of artistic or literary activity. An example Freud's theory would be if a person with feelings of anger towards someone else could not afford to alienate that person their feelings may be expressed in a dream about that person. Freud's theory stated that animal instincts mainly sex and aggression drive us ...read more.

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