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Discuss Jack's statement in chapter two in the light of the events of the first five chapters.

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Introduction

'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all we're not savages.' Discuss Jack's statement in chapter two in the light of the events of the first five chapters. From the moment the boys are shipwrecked on the island law and order is established, ' We've got to have rules and obey them.' As the story progresses it is Jack who breaks the rules in many different ways therefore it is highly ironic that it is Jack who states this to the group and is so intent on having rules and following them at the beginning of the novel. By Jack disobeying the rules he is encouraging members of the group to turn to savagery, especially the younger boys who will be more inclined to copy what the older boys do. For example it is Jack who completely agrees that only people who have the conch are able to speak, yet later on in the play when the boys are on the mountainside Jack decides to change this rule to suit himself, 'The conch doesn't count on top of the mountain.' ...read more.

Middle

To begin with Jack and his choir wore a strict and orderly uniform like the other boys, which represented how well educated and civilised they were, however the uniform Jack has chosen to create completely contrasts their previous one. The masks and disorderly dress that the boys have decided to wear portrays their savage side. In a way Jack is a strong representation of a fascist, as he is an extremely strong dictator, which is why many of the boys choose to listen to him and follow his actions. When Jack creates the mask it 'compels' them, due to this the boys copy Jack by painting their faces, which in turn leads to them savagely hunting down the pig. When they make their first kill the boys show their uncivilised sides by the way they chant, 'Kill the pig, cut her throat, spill her blood.' These are extremely brutal words to chant, which yet again shows how savagery is taking over the boys personalities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ralph's deterioration as a leader to the group also represents their path to savagery, as Ralph in a way is a representation of democracy and the boys are disobeying the rules and orders given by Ralph, which portrays the way in which law and order is falling apart and being ignored on the island. Ralph is beginning to get worried about his control over the whole situation and how the boys are becoming barbaric and unruly. 'If they don't come back, then we've had it.' This is a pivotal moment for Ralph as he realises that the conch may not gain peoples respect anymore, which yet again symbolises the break down of civilisation and order. Overall Golding has made the island a microcosm of the whole world in general. This has been done to portray how the human kind can be savage and how a structured society can fall apart by rules being repeatedly broken, this is illustrated through the actions of the boys on the island. ...read more.

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