• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the different techniques used by Shakespeare to portray Macbeth and Lady Macbeth's relationship throughout the play.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Macbeth Coursework In the play Shakespeare uses different techniques to portray Macbeth and Lady Macbeth's relationship throughout the play. These are: plot, language, characterization and setting. Shakespeare establishes Macbeth's character as a brave strong loyal and battle hardy soldier who would not betray or kill the king as he captures the traitor the Thane of Cawdor. Lady Macbeth first appears in act 1 scene 5 she is shown as a manipulative character, she makes clear right from the start her intentions to push Macbeth into killing Duncan. At the start of the play their relationship is shown as quite strong with Lady Macbeth in control. However, as the play progresses, Macbeth goes out of Lady Macbeths control and pushes her aside. This is one of the factors that drive her to insanity In Act 1 Scene 5 Macbeth has written a letter to Lady Macbeth telling her about the witches' prophecies. When she has finished reading the letter she decides that Macbeth is not ambitious enough to play dirty for the kingship. A quote that shows this is: "What wouldst thou highly That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false". This quote shows us that Lady Macbeth and Macbeth have a strong relationship as Lady Macbeth knows Macbeth well enough to anticipate his actions and what he will and will not do. Lady Macbeth then decides that she will have to talk him into killing the king, and will have to play upon the ambition which he already has. Here is a quote "That I may pour my spirits in thine ear And chastise with the valour of my tongue All that impedes from ...read more.

Middle

are both worried about the consequences of the killing and that Lady Macbeth is both losing her hold over Macbeth as she takes no action to calm him down. This shows that the relationship between the two is starting to fall apart because the relationship is obviously built on Lady Macbeth being a controlling force over Macbeth as she has great persuasion powers and can influence him. Later on in the scene Macbeth starts taking control of the dialogue, giving longer multilinal passages than Lady Macbeth whereas if we look back over the scenes previously Macbeth has always had a smaller part, speaking-wise and when Lady Macbeth is in the scene, than Lady Macbeth. This is an indication that Macbeth has some control over the relationship. However- L53 to L60 -Macbeth refuses to go back to smear the blood onto the guard's faces as he is to scared "I am afraid to...look on't again" so Lady Macbeth smears blood on the guard faces, showing she is still the most ambitious of the pair. After she has left Macbeth says "will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? No" this is symbolism as the blood represents the killing of Duncan and the hand represents his conscience, he is actually saying that his conscience can never be wiped of the deed. Also in this small soliloquy he says "The multitudinous seas incarnadine, Making the green one red" He is referring to the blood on his hands turning all the seas red instead of being cleansed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Macbeth does not appear in this scene and is not aware o this at all. At the end of the scene the doctor says that she needs god more than medical attention "More needs she the divine than the physician." This is interesting as it links back to act 2 scene 2 where Macbeth claims to have cut himself off from god as he cannot say amen "I could not say 'Amen' When they did say God bless us" This is this could be interpreted as that the two have both been cut off from God this would not be surprising because of all the sins they have committed worshipping idols (Lady Macbeth calling spirits to her in act 1 scene 5 L38-40) Committing multiple murders (Duncan, Attendants, Banquo, Murderers, Ross's family etc) talking to witches and so on. This may be why they have such bad fortune. The last scene which I am commenting on is act 5 scene 5 in which Macbeth is told that his wife is dead. Lines 16-27 are Macbeth's speech considering the death of his wife. Considering that someone he loved has just died this is a very small amount of text to express all his feelings. This shows that towards the end of the play Macbeth and Lady Macbeth grow rather far apart. In conclusion Shakespeare uses many techniques to portray this relationship however the main one is language, what they say to each other and how they say these things. The relationship throughout the play goes through many stages between their love, ambition, sorrow, madness and death they are always united reflecting each other and in this they have a strong relationship. 23 32 34 51 55 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Macbeth section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Macbeth essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How does Lady Macbeth change throughout the play, "Macbeth"?

    5 star(s)

    Shakespeare's repetition of the potent verb 'fail' raises the apprehension in the audience to add to the creepy, striking effect. She then goes on to say, "Who shall bear the guilt / Of our great quell?" this is ironic as we soon see the consequences of their actions and how this results in a change in Macbeth's character.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth

    3 star(s)

    But we have to assume that they are already so distraught about Duncan, and still so wrapped up in all of the goings on, that they miss this-which of course suits Lady Macbeth down to the ground! 2 scenes later, when Lady Macbeth next appears, Act 3, scene 1, she is now heralded as Queen.

  1. Discuss how Shakespeare presents Lady Macbeth and how her character develops during the play

    Lady Macbeth also did not realise what effect it would have on herself and her husband, she assumed they would both be able to cope, an error Lady Macbeth later paid for. Lady Macduff represents a typical woman, a pure, maternal figure, a major contrast to Lady Macbeth who has previously argued that she would 'while it (a baby)

  2. The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth

    He also knows that by allowing Lady Macbeth to take up such a domineering role she will take the murder out of his hands, thus freeing him from a great deal of guilt. Upon receiving the letter, Lady Macbeth immediately responds to Macbeth's wishes, realising that it is necessary to kill Duncan.

  1. How does Shakespeare portray the changing character of Lady Macbeth?

    so she calls for evil spirits to help her: "Come you spirits...unsex me here." This phrase also shows us how she is willing to give up all the gentle qualities of a woman and let the devil possess her body and soul.

  2. Lady Macbeth's Character in Macbeth.

    In comparing Banquo�s reaction to that of Macbeth, the audience sees Macbeth as becoming increasing keen to fulfil his ambitions. Next, Banquo converses with the messengers Rosse and Angus, Macbeth expresses his thoughts in an aside. In his speech Macbeth�s state of mind is clearly shown to the audience.

  1. Discuss the role of Lady Macbeth in the play. Is it Lady Macbeth or ...

    In her excitement Lady Macbeth addresses him as ' Great Glamis', 'Worthy Cawdor' and then, 'All hail thereafter' - The king! This excitement would cause her, I believe, to change the way she speaks This excitement and more importantly the will power she derives from it seems to overtake her husband.

  2. How does the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change throughout the play?

    He calls her his dearest giving out the message that he loves her greatly and that she is a very special person to him. By calling her his partner that he considers her to be an equal rather than the status that most women were seen as medieval times of being a lower status then men.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work