• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the techniques that L.P Hartley and Ted Hughes employ to evoke memory in ‘The Go-Between’ and ‘Birthday Letters’

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the techniques that L.P Hartley and Ted Hughes employ to evoke memory in 'The Go-Between' and 'Birthday Letters' In an unpublished copy of 'Birthday Letters' that Hughes had given to a friend, he wrote 'before us stands yesterday'. In saying this, I think Hughes looked to the future, as the legacy of the past. So, the future is built on the foundations of the past. But, you could read the statement as a reference to how Hughes makes past, present and the future all co-exist at the same time. For example, Hughes wrote these poems presumably some time after events, but he writes them as if he is looking to the future from that point in time. ...read more.


Hartley in 'The Go-Between' opens with the immortal lines 'The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there'. It is a broad statement that can be read on many different levels. You could look at the obvious technological advances that have changed the way we live in the past one hundred years (the past fifty for Leo), the social differences in class or creed or how two World wars have changed Britain and the way we live altogether. Leo remembers the events of that summer by what is recorded in his diary, in which he wrote in quite some detail what happened. ...read more.


with the 'The Go-Between'. In 'The Go-Between' Hartley utilized a very faltering narrator in the form of Leo, the accuracy of his memory is questionable as all the memory that is flooding back has been evoked by the proceedings in his diary. The clarity of his memory has been somewhat smudged and repressed thus distorting the original events in his own mind. This shortcoming in memory edges Leo on to remember the events of the summer of 1900. To trigger this 'flash flood' of memory, Hartley has Leo looking over his personal possessions, which then ignites the dormant memories that come back at an astonishing rate and keep accelerating until the climax of the story. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Ted Hughes section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Ted Hughes essays

  1. Poetry Comparison - 'Telephone Conversation' by Wole Soyinka and 'Ballad of the Landlord' by ...

    the problem out while in just the last verse the police deal with the black man quickly. Soyinka uses figurative phrases to make the reader think and understand the true meaning of the line or phrase: '.... Rapidly, wave-length adjusted' Soyinka uses this metaphor and double-entendre on 'wave-length' to show

  2. Using a Selection of 20th Century Poems Compare and Contrast the Treatment of ...

    For example, lines 13 and 14 say, "And all the moonlit cows and all the sheep stare up at her petrified, while she swells". This makes the moon sound very imposing and majestic which is an unusual idea. In line 18 the wheat fields speak and say "We are ripe, reap us!".

  1. How does Ted Hughes convey the ruthless power and violence in animals through the ...

    They are in an aquarium. "Three we kept behind glass, Jungled in the weed: three inches, four, And four and a half: fed fry to them. Suddenly there were two. Finally one." The pike that is the character of the poem is three inches long.

  2. “A pink wool knitted dress,” by Ted Hughes and “Sonnet XLIII” (43) ...

    The solitary guest was the bride's mother, "Your mother, brave even in this, U.S foreign affairs gamble, acted all bridesmaids and all guests, even magnanimity- represented, my family." It seems they didn't have the time or money to buy their wedding clothes in "Harrods!"

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work