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Discuss The Theme Of Hatred And Vengeance in Act 3 Scene 1. How Does Shakespeare's Dramatic Language And Action In This Scene Reveal The Effect Of Hatred On Tybalt, Romeo And Mercutio?

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Introduction

DISCUSS THE THEME OF HATRED AND VENGEANCE IN ACT 3 SCENE 1. HOW DOES SHAKESPEARE'S DRAMATIC LANGUAGE AND ACTION IN THIS SCENE REVEAL THE EFFECT OF HATRED ON TYBALT, ROMEO AND MERCUTIO? Romeo and Juliet play is based around the hatred of the Montague's and the Capulet's. Hatred is crucial in this play because it is the main theme of the play, hate controls the play and shows the consequences to peoples violent actions. We are not told why or when this quarrel began but we are told it is an 'ancient grudge', a constant conflict between the two names. They are very alike and well known throughout Verona. The people of Verona are aware of the grudge between the two families. Shakespeare might be trying to say that these two families are prejudiced to one another. He also is saying that even though the families find one another insufferable because their family's names are different, they prejudge one another even though they are very alike as they are high-classed in society and are alike in business. Romeo and Juliet the play gives us an insight on how pointless and destructive hatred and vengeance is, by showing that a loved one will always get hurt, for example; Romeo's best friend Mercutio gets stabbed. Act 3 scene 1 is a good scene to pick when talking about hate because it is a scene, which two people get killed, one from each side, because of the dispute between the two families. This scene is the main scene as it is the burning point from good to bad. Act 3 scene 1 shows the ancient grudge being carried on through generations. When Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo is so infuriated because Mercutio was his best friend that helped him out and was always there for him and he didn't deserve to die. Romeo's hate and anger builds up inside because he has lost his best friend that he decided to kill Tybalt in the heat of the moment, because he is hurting inside as well. ...read more.

Middle

This line reassemblies a prediction because Romeo and Juliet 'a pair of star-crossed lovers' kill themselves because of their families conflict with each other. Even though Mercutio is dying at the end of Act 3 scene 1, he still manages to turn a tragic situation into a pun. "Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man." By Mercutio still joking and then being serious has a more serious dramatic effect on the scene, because he plays on words but also curses the two families. At the beginning of Act 3 scene 1 Benvolio sets the scene to show that there might be a fight. For example "the day is hot, the Capulets abroad; for now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring." This implies that Benvolio seems to be aware that roaming the streets on such a hot day might lead to trouble. The word 'hot' symbolises anger and fury. As the day is hot and each person of the Montague and Capulet hate each other so much makes this scene and the fight very dramatic. Shakespeare's language also builds on the affect of the fight making it more serious and dramatic The cultures of fighting in the 13th Century in Italy were that any man would fight to honour their family name. A family name was extremely important and men would go to great lengths to honour their family name. Men were greatly respected by women because men were better than women. Women had to obey male relatives if they weren't married and if they were they had to obey their husbands. The school of fencing taught pupils that they must only fight with a proper cause. The two main causes were: being accused of a major crime, and matters of personal of family honour. The second of these causes gives Tybalt his reason to fight Romeo as Romeo and his friends' gatecrashed the Capulets party, Tybalt saw this as Romeo mocking the Capulet family so challenges him to fight and to honour his family name. ...read more.

Conclusion

After Romeo kills Tybalt he says, "O, I am fortunes fool!" Romeo said this because anger drove him to kill and now he has to pay for his actions. Romeo changed his fortune for his love and himself, he blames fate. Fate is an important theme in this play. We are told in the prologue Romeo and Juliet are "star-crossed-that fate is against them. It seems as if, whatever they do, they cannot avoid their tragic ending. From this point things go wrong for Romeo and Juliet because Romeo has broken the law, his anger and vengeance drove him to kill, yet this is no excuse for his actions. Romeo is banished from Verona, meaning also taken away from his loved one, Juliet. Romeo changed his future by killing Tybalt, if Romeo had just left Tybalt alone and let the Prince make Tybalt suffer for killing Mercutio, then Romeo would have still been able to be with the one he loved. I think hatred and vengeance affected each character in a different way, more on some than others. I think hatred drove all three of them on a same level yet vengeance didn't affect Mercutio much. The vengeance level between Romeo and Tybalt was very high, they both wanted revenge but at different times and for different reasons. We shouldn't blame the Capulets and Montagues fo the deaths because they were old enough to know that fighting won't solve anything, but because it is an ancient grudge they let it go too far, death was always threatened. People will learn from their own mistakes, and not by age. We learn from this play the dangers of hating whole groups of people based on trivial things. Not every grudge will end sweetly as we find out in Romeo and Juliet; people suffered for their actions, each person got what they deserved from the families. Prejudging is a danger because the Capulet's and Montague's are very alike. This play shows the lengths that some people will go to, to protect and honour their family name, no matter what the consequences are for their actions. ...read more.

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