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Discuss the ways in which Browning creates a sense of MALEVOLENCE in 'The Laboratory' & 'Porphyria's Lover'

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Introduction

Discuss the ways in which Browning creates a sense of MALEVOLENCE in 'The Laboratory' & 'Porphyria's Lover' These two poems were written by the Victorian poet, Robert Browning. In 'The Laboratory' and 'Porphyria's Lover' there are lots of differences but many similarities also. 'The Laboratory' is a poem about a women's jealousy, who is determined to poison her rival in love. It is written as a dramatic monologue in the 1st person and she later turns into paranoid psychopath who becomes obsessed with the desire to be evil and kill. 'Porphyria's Lover' is also written in a dramatic 1st person monologue and this poem is about a woman's lover who kills her in an instantaneous In these two poems Robert Browning creates a sense of malevolence by the type of poetic voice, mood and tone, imagery and the language, sound and structure that he uses. The sound in the poem 'The Laboratory' and 'Porphyria's Lover' are both similar as each of them use alliteration and rhyme. ...read more.

Middle

"Soon, at the King's, a mere lozenge to give, And Pauline should have just thirty minutes to live! But to light a pastile, and Elise, with her head And her breast and her arms and her hands, should drop dead!" These lines show of her desire to kill and her passionate jealousy that she has for her rival and she keeps imaging them dead. Alliteration is also used to show that the woman is very jealous, "Brand, burn up, bite into its grace" this shows she is jealous and she wants to bite into someone's life and ruin it. This creates a sense of malevolence as the woman has a desire to do evil by killing her rival in love. Whereas in 'Porphyria's Lover' the opening lines of the poem tell us of a storm and this automatically gives us an impression that something severe is going to happen. But as soon as Porphyria enters the house she brings warmth into it and everything seems good again as it says "When glided in Porphyria; straight She shut the cold out and the storm, And kneel'd ...read more.

Conclusion

It this sudden realization in this one night--the fact that she isn't solely his--that pushes him to the moment of madness. He also focuses on 'the moment' in the poem because by killing Porphyria the narrator he feels he can savour the moment for as long as he likes and at the end of the poem he says, "And thus we sit together now, And all night long we have not stirr'd And yet God has not said a word! Once he has killed her he knows that she cannot leave his side so he sits up all night with her and can relive the moment as long as she is his. In my opinion I believe that 'The Laboratory' uses more malevolent language as it builds up the malevolence as she progressively expresses her desire to do evil whereas in 'Porphyria's Lover' it is more of a spur of the moment action. The woman in 'The Laboratory' seems to get a pleasure by plotting the murder and there is a lot more malice behind the killing. 'Porphyria's Lover' is more about passion rather than malevolence as the killer wishes to savour the moment forever. ?? ?? ?? ?? Chris Rodgers ...read more.

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