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Does Mary Shelley instill antipathy or aympathy for the monster in Frankenstein?

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Frankenstein Essay In 1818 Mary Shelley wrote a gothic novel called Frankenstein. It is about Victor Frankenstein, who intended to invent a 'beautiful' creature, but 'the beauty of the dream vanished'. Instead he created a repulsive monster that was rejected from society. Throughout the book Shelley instills both sympathy and antipathy in the reader for the monster. I will be exploring this through different elements like aesthetics, individual choice and God vs. Science. Victor placed his trust in scientific development and when the creature he created didn't turn out the way he wanted, he rejected it and also rejected himself. He set out to make a wonderful creature to prove science and individual genius could beat God. He managed to produce this creature but it wasn't so wonderful, it was a horrific, grotesque monster. 'A breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.' This shows that Victor was disgusted by his creation and it wasn't what he had expected at all. At this point the reader feels sympathy for the monster as he has been rejected by his only friend - his father figure in some aspects. Also the reader feels antipathy for Victor. This is because Victor had created a grotesque being and now cannot change his creations. In Frankenstein, the monster is naturally kind, For example, when the girl falls in the river, the monster's natural instinct was to save her and he did. ...read more.


I don't think the reader feels sorry for Victor because if he hadn't have rejected the monster in the first place he wouldn't have been in that situation. In the era the book was written, people were beginning to question God's existence. Should God be the only creator of life? Should the power of science be able to create people? We found out the answer to this in Frankenstein. Victor tried to create the monster using scientific knowledge and succeeded. However, the end result of the monster was horrific. He was lonely, had no friends, and resorted to killing people. This proves science can not create life and make them fit into the human race. Only God can achieve this and that's the way it should stay. I think the reader sympathizes for the monster because the monster didn't choose to live, Victor did it for him and he only needed somebody to love. 'I collected the instruments of life around me that I might infuse a spark of being into the lifeless thing that lay at my feet.' This quote shows he was searching for something to bring the monster to life, and that it was his decision to do this. At different stages in the story, Victor and the monster are both altruistic and egotistic. To start with, Victor is very altruistic. Whilst developing the monster he was very focused and in some way addicted to his creation. ...read more.


Elizabeth, Victor Frankenstein's foster sister, plays a crucial part of Frankenstein. Since Victor's mother died, Elizabeth played the 'mother' role and was adored. 'Everyone loved Elizabeth.' At many points in the story Victor is saved by the love of Elizabeth. On Frankenstein's wedding day, his creature, the monster kills Elizabeth. Her beauty and innocence are greatly emphasized which takes away a lot of sympathy for the monster. When Frankenstein's father knows that she was killed, he dies a few days later. 'What then became of me? I know not; I lost sensation, and chains and darkness were the only objects that pressed upon me.' This shows Victor doesn't want to live anymore and doesn't take any notice of the world around him. He didn't have anything to live for, except to get revenge on the monster he'd created. 'How I have lived I hardly know; many times have I stretched my failing limbs upon the sandy plain and prayed for death. But revenge kept me alive.' So Victor decides to find the monster and searches for him. He tracks the monster ever northwards into the ice. He then freezes to death and dies, and when the monster finds this out he kills himself. At this point you sympathize for mainly Victor as he never got his revenge but also the monster, as he had such a horrific, lonely life. To conclude there are many different times in which the reader feels antipathy and mainly sympathy for the monster in Frankenstein, which shows he wasn't treated well at all. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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