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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

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Thomas Billet Monday 23 of December 2008 3�2 Home essay on The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Introduction The horror novella The Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was written in the Victorian era by the Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson and was first published in 1886. The main plot of the book is about the dual nature of human kind, the inner conflict between good and evil. It is the story about a doctor feeling he is always fighting within himself between what is good and what is evil. He wants to separate these two sides to enjoy life better with ough worrying about what is good or bad or the victorian mores. After drinking a potion of his own creation, Jekyll is transformed into the cruel, remorseless, evil Edward Hyde, representing the hidden and dark side of Dr. Jekyll's nature. As time goes by, Jekyll becomes prisonner of this satanic and cynical Hyde, unable to impose his real personality and finished by ending his life for the good of humanity. ...read more.


His house is in "...The dismal quarter of Soho", which is known for its criminals and is the centre of the capital's sex entertainment industry which implies his "fleshy" and immoral personality. He also installs this evil atmosphere by the use of different literary techniques like personification, sharp contrasts and pathetic fallacy. For example the phrase: "... a haggard shaft of daylight" helps us imagine the obscure place where Hyde lives. This adjective is normally used to describe a person, which means to seem tired. "This mournful reinvasion of darkness" is a good example of pathetic fallacy, the adjective "mournful" normally used to describe a person who is feeling sorrow or grief. This pathetic fallacy is done to emphasise the "atmosphere of evil". The ambience inside his house, on the contrary to its external surface, is more of a welcoming ambience which is unexpected by the reader "... these were furnished with luxury and good taste. A closet filled with wine; the plate was of silver, the napery elegant. Stevenson also uses sharp contrast like "...an ivory faced and silver-haired old woman opened the door. ...read more.


He affirms that Hyde is deformed and ugly yet he does not know why. This implies that Hyde is beyond words just as he is beyond ethics and principles. Hyde's behaviour analysis Hyde behaves himself very rudely and immorally through out the whole novel. At the beginning of the book, he commits violent acts against innocent people for no apparent reason He just does it out of pure evil. For example, when he tramples the girl in the street, he does not seem to be bothered by this act, as if it was normal. As the novel progresses, Hyde's evil becomes more and more pronounced. He hits Sir Danvers Carew to death for absolutely no reason other than the fact that Sir Danvers appeared to be a good and kind man. This implies that he is completely devoid of any moral and common sense. He becomes more civilized through out the book, for instance in chapter 9, he talk's in a formal way: "he replied civilly enough" and succeeds in controlling his desires:" he was wrestling against the approaches of hysteria". He does what ever pleases him, doesn't control his desires as a normal human man would and betrays the Victorian mores that Victorian would follow so scrupulously. ...read more.

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