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Dr Jekyll and Mr HydeThere are many symbols throughout the novel which contribute powerfully to the overall sense of unease and mystery as well as adding to the author's creation of an atmosphere of secrecy and hypocrisy.

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Introduction

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde There are many symbols throughout the novel which contribute powerfully to the overall sense of unease and mystery as well as adding to the author's creation of an atmosphere of secrecy and hypocrisy. By Katie Hall The novel of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde was written by Robert Louis Stevenson in 1886. Robert Louis Stevenson was a man who grew up in Edinburgh; this was a known as a city with two sides. As a student he led a double life. This is a bit like Dr Jekyll throughout the novel. Robert Louis Stevenson was influenced by true crime stories in Edinburgh, one of these was William `Deacon `Brodie, who was a respected craftsman by day and a criminal by night he was later hung in 1788.The novel Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is about the two sides of Dr Jekyll. Throughout the day he was known as a well respected doctor and at night he takes a potion which later turns him into Mr Hyde. Mr Hyde is an evil man who receives pleasure out of running small children over and going around the streets murdering people. The story throughout creates a sense of mystery and unease. There are many symbols of secrecy throughout the novel for example "the windows are always shut" which suggests that Mr Hyde likes to keep everything in, and this could symbolise his soul, in the way that when he conceals his true character from the outside world. ...read more.

Middle

His life is about self denial and secrecy he is "embarrassed in discourse" but after a glass of wine or two "something eminently human beaconed from his eye", he suppresses his sensual side of his nature and is therefore symbolic of the dual nature of man. Mr Utterson searches for Mr Hyde and breaks down the door of Dr Jekylls cabinet this seems to be an act of vengeance, which reveals his evil side and shows that he is hypocritical. Dr Lanyon is not what he seems he is "somewhat theatrical". He is described as a "hearty healthy dapper, red faced gentleman whose geniality was...somewhat theatrical to the eye", this is some what narrow and conceals a dual nature. Also this is showing how superficial he is in his emotions .He also accuses Dr Jekyll of being a Scientific `freak` and totally disagrees with his experimentation with his potion, but Dr Lanyon is a hypocrite as he agrees to watch Dr Jekyll being transformed into Mr Hyde. The other characters throughout the play seem to appear totally differently to what they actually are, showing a dual nature of humans. The lady at Mr Hyde's room "had an evil face smoothed by hypocrisy, but her manners were excellent" shows us that looks can be deceiving. The potion is used to separate Dr Jekyll`s two personalities it is a "transforming draught", he enjoys being evil and is a "profound double dealer". ...read more.

Conclusion

In the chapter "Jekyll`s Statement" Jekyll changes to Hyde in broad daylight which symbolically suggests that evil has vanquished good as that Hyde has vanquished Jekyll. Dr Jekyll decides to try and refrain from using the potion and be "true to himself", because he felt he was "slowly losing hold of his original and better self" and slowly transforming into Mr Hyde. He awoke one morning after a night as Mr Hyde, but rather than waking up as Dr Jekyll he woke up as Mr Hyde this is when he decided to stop using the potion. He tried to resist temptation and "swallowed the transforming draught" this released Mr Hyde who had been suppressed and Mr Hyde "came out roaring". Dr Jekyll is the greatest hypocrite in the novel as he admits that he enjoys the wicked part of his nature but cannot accept that it is a natural part of him and therefore seeks to separate it from him in his scientific experiments. Robert Louis Stevenson creates an uneasy atmosphere through the use of symbolism. Dr Jekyll lives in a house with two doors which symbolises his dual personality. The sinister atmosphere of the novel is compounded by the symbols such as weather and potion. They create a sinister atmosphere which symbolises secrecy and suppression. ...read more.

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