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Dr Jekyll Me Hyde

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Introduction

Exploring duality in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde When Stevenson wrote the novella 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' he seemed to have been influenced by various ideas. The first goes all the way back to an ancient Greek philosopher 'Plato'. His theory of dualism was imaged as two horses clashing with one another. He believed that every human being was a charioteer trying to keep them balanced and in control. One horse being black representing the animal demonic side; this is the side being harder to control and contains instinctive drives. This expresses the dark side. Stevenson took this concept to another level and gave off the impression that in his novella the dark horse had been liberated taking over the white horse. The white horse portrayed intelligence, moral senses, and the angelic side of mankind. This side had less energy but responded to all the commands exactly. Jekyll evidently being a scientist had more characteristics of the higher horse (white), but every one has a demonic side it is natural to have a bit of dark side to them. Hyde stood by the dark horse he was all defective and didn't take any consequences for his actions. Hyde's charter was vey monstrous and beastly. This takes me onto the idea of Charles Darwin; his concept to duality was the idea of there being a 'beast in a man'. ...read more.

Middle

Eventually it is clear that Dr Jekyll is no longer in conduct of the transformation. In Henry Jekyll full statement of the case he says 'I had not wakened where I seemed to be but in the little room in Soho where I was accustomed to sleep in the body of Edward Hyde' Jekyll says he wasn't in control anymore. A proof of this is when he says "yes I had gone to bed Henry Jekyll, I had awakened Edward Hyde" Dr Jekyll is more accepted into the society as being a scientist, people look up to him and respects him. In Jekyll full statement of the case he says "I found it hard to reconcile with my imperious desire to carry my head high, and wear a more than commonly grave countenance before the public". This is telling us that Jekyll is giving off the impression that he is good at his profession almost being bigheaded. Hyde is the complete opposite his actions do not have consequences; Hyde's behaviour is very ape like, just like his appearance (this goes back to Darwin's theory.)The other characters cannot describe his outside shell as it is too hideous to describe. Hyde's character is extremely cruel and evil. For example when he just tramples over the child in the first chapter, this shows the lack of respect for others. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stevenson reveals that the duality of human nature runs deeper than good and evil to rational versus and reputation versus true nature. Stevenson also uses different narrators to the book to give an alternative view on Hyde and Jekyll. No single account could explain to the reader the views of characters associated with Jekyll and Hyde. For example without the support of his friend Utterson, Jekyll would not be as strong Overall I think that this novella is very complex, but has an excellent understanding to it. I think Stevenson put the theme of "duality" init in an interesting way and related it very well to the Victorian society at the time. Stevenson also comments on the constant war and balance between the two characters. "There comes an end to all things; the most capacious measure is filled at last; and this brief condescension to my evil finally destroyed the balance of my soul". In almost all stories the good always wins in the end as Jekyll rightly committed suicide as there was no other way out. However it also could be seen as the evil getting the best of the good side as Hyde took over Jekyll's life and Jekyll producing the potion in the first place. I think that the story relates to this day and age in a way that people are hypocrites and have two sides to them, it gives a strong message to what could happen in the outcome. ?? ?? ?? ?? GCSE, English Coursework Nuzhat Ahmed ...read more.

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