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DrJekyll And Mr Hyde-Exploring The Duality Of The Human Nature

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Introduction

ENGLISH COURSEWORK: The Strange Case Of Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde By Robert Louis Stevenson - How Does Stevenson Show The Duality Of Human Nature In The Novel? BY: Manjinder Ghuman How Does Stevenson Show The Duality Of Human Nature In The Novel? In this piece of coursework I will investigate how Robert Louis Stevenson explores and shows the duality - split personality, of human nature. The idea of duality is thought of humans having two sides to their personality, in the book's case, good and evil. This novel was written by the Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde was first published in 1886 as a Victorian Gothic Horror. The book is famous for the portrayal of the psychopathology of a split personality in a human being. The phrase 'Jekyll and Hyde' has today in modern society has come to signify a wild or split behaviour of a person due to this book written by Robert Louis Stevenson. This novel by Louis Stevenson has an underlining moral telling us about the constant struggle between the good and evil in each person, furthermore it describes to the reader the tension between the two forces and how at any point the good or evil can take over one's personality. In addition to this introduction to the theme of split personality, the book portrays two different ideas of 'Darwinism' and 'Primitivism'. These issues were great hot topics in the Victorian society at that point in time. As a great man - Charles Darwin - had just published a book called the 'Origin of Species'. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is about a London lawyer who investigates strange occurrences between his old friend, Dr Henry Jekyll and the misanthropic Mr Edward Hyde. The strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde was an immediate success and one of Robert Louis Stevenson's best selling works. ...read more.

Middle

Primitivism has been also explored in the book The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. The definition of primitivism is defined on the web as "crudeness: a wild or unrefined state crudeness: a wild or unrefined state of human beings." Primitivism is shown in many ways by Stevenson. I find that primitivism is only portrayed by the character of Mr. Hyde, I believe that Mr. Hyde is the only character that can be can be applied with characteristics of primitivism, as he his the less evolved for of Jekyll. Also I believe Hyde is the only character because he does not stick to the Victorian morals as well as their values and is the 'terrible' side of Jekyll. I think that Mr. Hyde has been given a lower level of common sense and self-control; these have been done with the purpose of showing Primitivism in Hyde. As it shows that he his less evolved than the common man furthermore it confirms how Mr Hyde is mentally undeveloped. "Mr Hyde broke out of all bounds" This quote describes when Mr. Hyde murder Sir Danvers Carew without a thought. This shows Hyde's lack of self control and sows his inability to think about the consequences of his actions. Hyde's incapability to think of the results of his deeds illustrates the duality of man, with the normal average man but also it demonstrates the duality of man within one man - being Jekyll. It is this sort of behaviour from Hyde that distinguishes him from Jekyll, and it is also this kind of behaviour that Jekyll is bottling up inside of himself. Stevenson also makes use of creatures and compares them to Hyde, an example being "'Ape like Fury" or "Ape like". Phrases such as these show the different language used to describe the duality of man. Throughout the book Stevenson subtly reminds the reader of Darwinism and Primitivism, effectively exploring his society's obsession with these subjects. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hyde. This chapter demonstrates the duality of man as we see the physical change of Jekyll in to Hyde. Lanyon is also very highly critical of Jekyll in this chapter as he is in shock of the potion Jekyll has created that releases the evil side of your personality. When reading Lanyon's narrative the reader can gather that Lanyon is frightened by this powerful potion, maybe he knows it goes against the whole Victorian society's morals and values. Henry Jekyll's letter in comparison to Lanyon's letter is more of a confession explaining why he had created this potion and how he could not resist the temptation of using it, even though it caused great unrest. Stevenson has engaged with the tradition of epistolary fiction by using writing the last two chapters as letters in first person. In conclusion this book I think shows two types of duality in the human nature, duality in one-self and in two separate beings. Stevenson I believe cleverly hides his message of duality in the human nature well, as the reader must read between the lines to find the underlining message. Throughout the book Stevenson covers hot topics of the time such as Darwinism and primitivism; by using these I believe he showed the duality of man., Stevenson also shoed the duality of man physically and mentally. This is shown by the two opposites Jekyll and Hyde. As there two mentalities are both opposite and so are the physical appearances. An underlining message of good versus evil is also shone through when reading the book again defining the duality of human nature, the god and the evil. In the novel Hyde is labelled as the evil and Jekyll the god. The book also contrasts the two ideas and shows how the two opposites can be within one person to make that person whole. Also it shows that there is a bit of good and within every single one us. English Coursework Manjinder Ghuman 11M2 Barr Beacon language College ...read more.

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