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Due to the nature of Macbeth's downfall it would be difficult to blame a single person for his downfall.

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Introduction

Due to the nature of Macbeth's downfall it would be difficult to blame a single person for his downfall. The main characters that were at fault in Macbeth's downfall were The Witches, Lady Macbeth and of course Macbeth himself but who is to blame the most out of the three? The Witches played a big part in Macbeth's downfall, as they were the first characters who influenced Macbeth as they met him at the start of the story. The Witches were determined from the start to influence Macbeth's way in life, they intended to meet with him from the start to begin the downfall of Macbeth, "There to meet with Macbeth". Before they started putting ideas into his head they had to make sure that he was willing to listen to them so they waited until he was sure of his abilities, so they only started influencing him after the battle against Norway where he shone. As Macbeth would not normally listen to the telling of the Witches, they had to cleverly mix the truth and things that had not happened yet to gain his confidence. They influenced Macbeth's first thoughts of killing Duncan as they first told him that he would be Thane of Cawdor, and he already was but he did not know yet. ...read more.

Middle

But when she finds out about King Duncan is coming to stay she straight away decides that this would be the perfect moment for Macbeth to fulfil his predictions. But when she tells Macbeth this he is not as willing to participate as Lady Macbeth is, in fact when she mentions the idea of murder to him he replies by saying "We will speak further". This means he had to think the whole thing over, as he was not sure about the whole ordeal. But when he has considered the murder he replies "We will proceed no further in this business". This angers Lady Macbeth so she puts him in a difficult position to make him reconsider. She does this by questioning his manhood, "When you durst do it then you were a man". She also uses the most powerful imagery to persuade him, "I have given suck, and know how tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me I would while it was smiling in my face have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums, and dashed the brains out, had I sworn as you have done this". These clever and powerful mind games she plays with Macbeth finally convince Macbeth to kill King Duncan. Although Lady Macbeth was stronger minded she still was not willing to kill Duncan herself. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hesitancy gives way to an enjoyment of violence. He becomes a tyrant he is obsessed with killing he instructs his soldiers to, "hang those who talk of fear" and he threatens to hang until he starves the servant who brings the news of Birnam wood to Dunsinane hill if he is telling the truth. Macbeth is too ambitious to realise that he will die in the final battle as what the Witches told him has given him a strong belief in his personal abilities. But when he remembers what the Witches said about Birnam wood and it actually comes true he nearly gives up hope especially when his wife kills herself. The one thing that keeps him going is that "none of woman born shall harm Macbeth", but when Macduff tells him he "was from his mothers womb untimely ripped", he realises he has no chance of defeating Macduff and he is therefore killed. The Witches played a larger part in the downfall of Macbeth than Lady Macbeth did, but Macbeth's belief in personal abilities puts the greater share of the blame on Macbeth himself. Macbeth's ambition made him blind to the other side of what the Witches had to say. As he was ambitious when things went his way after the telling of the Witches he made himself believe that he was invincible and refused to think of the consequences of the things he did. ...read more.

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