• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Dulce et Decorum Est and Futility the Poems of Wilfred Owen.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Dulce et Decorum Est and Futility. The Poems of Wilfred Owen (1893-1918). By Winifred Dalrymple Based on the poem of "Dulce et Decorum Est", by Wilfred Owen. Owens war poetry is a passionate expression of outrage at the horrors of war and of pity for the young soldiers sacrificed in it. It is "Dulce et Decorum Est" which provides a very dramatic and memorable description of the psychological and physical horrors that war brings about. From the first stanza Owen uses strong metaphors and similes to convey a strong warning. The first line describes the troops as being "like old beggars under sacks". This not only says that the men are tired but that they are so tired they have been brought down to the level of beggars. "Coughing like hags" suggests that these young men (many who were in their teens) were suffering from ill health due to the damp, sludge and fumes from the decaying bodies of their fallen men at arms, lying on their chests. It was also in the winter's of The Great War where the events that, Owen speaks of took place, so they would have been prone to pneumonias and other diseases. ...read more.

Middle

In the fourth stanza, it reads, " If in some smothering dreams you could pace/behind the wagon that the we flung him in", here Owen is suggesting that the horror of the scene that he has witnessed, is forever eternalised into his dreams. Although this soldier died an innocent, the war allowed no time to give his death dignity. That in turn makes the horror so much more poignant and haunting. Owen also describes what the young lad's face looks like "Devils sick of sin", this painfully illustrates how the life is ebbing away from him and that the skin is just hanging on his face. In the fifth and final stanza Owen makes a heroic and very public stand, by challenging the newspaper columnists, back home in England, that if they had seen the horrors that he had witnessed, then maybe, they would not be so quick impose their na�ve views of how good it is to die for "Ones country". This is echoed in the last three lines of the stanza "My old friend, you would not tell with such high zest/To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie; Dulce et decorum Est Pro patria mori. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the first stanza, Owens use of assonance such as 'whispering' and 'sleep' demonstrates sounds that give the poem a quiet tone as if the reader is whispering; there are no pleas to the lord or anyone else for that matter. Also, the lack of physical and horrific visualisation only proves to make the poem more intensely psychologically emotional with the idea of a catatonic patient with no true hope of recovery. In the second stanza the tone changes to one of questioning hopelessness and of quiet resignation with the onset of death. Owen demonstrates this by asking the reader to think, "Think how it wakes the seeds- Woke, once, the clays of a cold star". Here the reader can see that the suggestion of clay as being cold and lifeless and that when the sun tries to warm clay, it in fact bakes it hard. In lines 3, 4 and 5, "Are limbs, so dear-achieved, are sides, Full-nerved - warm-to hard too hard to stir? Was it for this the clay grew tall?" the reader can begin to ask the age old questions, "why?" and "Are we here for just this reason, too die for the sake of pointless wars that occur through mans own greed of power? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Wilfred Owen section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Wilfred Owen essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    With specific focus on Wilfred Owen's Futility, Anthem for Doomed Youth, Dulce et Decorum ...

    5 star(s)

    reversal of the sun, first writing: "If anything might rouse him now The kind old sun will know." Owen then goes on to criticise the Sun, labelling it as useless. He asks why we are created and given warm life, when war destroys everything of value: "O what made fatuous sunbeams toil To break earth's sleep at all?"

  2. Compare and contrast the presentation of war in Wilfred Owen's Dulce et decorum est ...

    as they turn'd' to reduce the consequence of the death of 'the six hundred' soldiers. Alliteration and onomatopoeia are used together in Anthem for doomed youth for example stuttering riffles rapid rattle', 'The shrill... of wailing shells'...from sad shires' and 'shall shine'.

  1. With specific focus on Wilfred Owens poems Futility, Anthem for Doomed Youth, Dulce et ...

    Figures like this really highlight and backup Owen's point and criticisms of the pointlessness and the masses of young and old soldiers dying. "For these who die as cattle." Owen writes in iambic pentameter with ten syllables per line. The sense of urgency created by the alternating rhyme scheme is

  2. Wilfred Owens World War poetry Dulce et Decurum est and Mental Cases

    The image created is of very old, wrinkled women slowly stumbling through the thick mud. It highlights the revolting, phlegm filled cough that the soldiers have as they are so critically ill. By using 'cursed', the image created is that the soldiers were struggling, desperately unhappy and exhausted.

  1. Wilfred Owen 'Dulce et Decorum est'.

    telling us that the soldiers are too tired to walk properly and that they can hardly stand up. He re-enforces his words by saying: "Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots" This is giving us a vivid image of how tired and ill the soldiers are from war.

  2. A story based on the poem Disabled by Wilfred Owen

    He and Will waited for twenty-five minutes in a line filled with other young recruits, many of whom were probably lying about their age as well. The recruitment lady came out and shouted "Next!", and Brian walked in. After a brief signing of the forms, Brian was back out.

  1. Trace the history of 'the old lie with particular reference to the poetry of ...

    These lines indicate Tennyson's respect for the men, as they were obedient, disciplined and loyal. The rhyme of "reply", "why" and "die" also emboldens the lines to stress their importance. Tennyson personifies death and hell throughout the poem, which creates a powerful image of doom and merciless killing.

  2. Comparing Wilfred Owen's The Sentry and Dulce et Decorum Est

    Consequently, Owen creates a sense of pathos and the reader can emphasise with the soldiers. He also achieves the chaotic feeling through transitioning from a regular rhyming scheme to an irregular one. Regular suggests routine and organisation, however, irregular implies that the gas attack disrupted this and was a shock to the soldiers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work