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effects of daycare and childhood

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Although many families today choose to put their young children in daycare in order to maintain additional income, problems result when they do; children desperately need the security and warmth of the home environment. When deprived of the influence of the home in early years, several challenges emerge as a child develops. Normal relational attachments are hindered between the parent and child, and development of a child's emotional dependency and intellectual abilities are slowed down or even handicapped. All these problems are results of the interchanging of caregivers, lack of individual attention that is given in daycare centers, and the lack of the presence of the child's natural parent. Attachment is a term that describes the strong affectionate tie that humans feel toward special people in their lives. ...read more.


Variances in daycare versus home, or parental care, are seen in the cognitive development of young children. The optimum time for the development of the brain is between the ages of newborn to age five , and "if you want to significantly influence a child's ability to think and to acquire knowledge, the early childhood years are very critical," (Huttenlocher, P.R., 11). After that time, the neurological growth dramatically decreases. Synapses, or the gaps between neurons, across which chemical messages are sent, are only developed as a baby or child receives stimulation based on an individual response to them. Depriving a child of the needed stimulation during this time is much more likely to occur in a daycare setting where the child is one of many children, rather than in a home setting with a warm and responsive parent. ...read more.


However, the truth is that at such a young age a child needs a sense of dependence, and the lack of it will result in a lack of a strong base of psychological security that would allow them to venture out and become truly independent in the real sense of the world. Certainly, the results of daycare on child development are clear. They are overwhelmingly negative and unproductive when it comes to child development. Normal parental-child attachments are hindered, which leads to poor self image and other emotional difficulties. Intellectual, or cognitive, development is obstructed and can never be recovered, as the optimum years for neural development are during the daycare years. Finally, abnormal dependency on others results from lack of individual attention and the coming and going of those involved in a child's life. Such results are definitely worth investigating, but can be avoided all together should day care be removed as an option for a parent. ...read more.

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