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Endgame and Act Without Words

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Introduction

Modern English Drama - Written Assignment - Dominique Nagpal Tooher - 04-132-833 - 26.05.2005 Beckett: Endgame Hamm is horrofied at the notion that existence is a recurring matter and therefore is cyclic; that beginnings and endings (60- 62) may be amalgamated in the grand scheme of things and that life will start afresh again. Nevertheless, the contradictions confuse his desires. He is terrified of the flea and rat that Clov finds and wants to exterminate them in case "humanity might start from there all over again," but he also suggests that he and Clov go South to other "mammals." He wants to be left alone, but clings to Clov and does anything he can to pull him back into the room. Most confusingly, he believes that nature is changing, though all evidence indicates that it has "zero" change. Under his misanthropic exterior is a desperate craving, the fear of being alone that has been with him ever since childhood (as Nagg tells it). Light (52- 56), which is used as a symbol of hope and life, expresses many of the displayed facetts of Hamm's personality. He is attracted to whatever light there is in a world where the light is fading (54), asking Clov to push him under the window so he can feel it on his face. ...read more.

Middle

Beckett puts the motif of chess in accordance with certain movements on stage. Hamm, who every now and then utters the line, "Me to play," (18, 96,98) can be perceived as the King, the most powerful and yet the most vulnerable piece on the board. His movement is rather restricted, and he relies on Clov for protection in the centre. Clov might be considered as the figure of the Queen, since he can move more easily than anyone else, but his erratic, staggering way of walking is more suitable to the L-shaped movement of the Knight, whereas Nagg and Nell are relatively insignificant and valueless Pawns, appearing nearly only when the King calls for them. Nell's death seems to hardly disturb him. The chess theme (18, 20, 40, 96,98) emphasises Beckett's idea of a repetitive, cyclical universe: the play ends with a stalemate (40), a game no one has won and which will be played over and over again; endlessy (105). Words: 721 Exerpt: 1. CLOV: 2. This is what we call making an exit. 3. HAMM: 4. I'm obliged to you, Clov. For your services. 5. CLOV: (turning sharply): 6. Ah pardon, it's I am obliged to you. 7. HAMM: 8. It's we are obliged to each other. 9. (Pause. Clov goes towards door.) 10. One thing more. 11. (Clov halts.) 12. A last favor. 13. (Exit Clov.) ...read more.

Conclusion

It was the moment I was waiting for. 67. (Pause.) 68. You don't want to abandon him? You want him to bloom while you are withering? Be there to solace your last million last moments? 69. (Pause.) 70. He doesn't realize, all he knows is hunger, and cold, and death to crown it all. But you! You ought to know what the earth is like, nowadays. Oh I put him before his responsibilities! 71. (Pause. Normal tone.) 72. Well, there we are, there I am, that's enough. 73. (He raises the whistle to his lips, hesitates, drops it. Pause.) 74. Yes, truly! 75. (He whistles. Pause. Louder. Pause.) 76. Good. 77. (Pause.) 78. Father! 79. (Pause. Louder.) 80. Father! 81. (Pause.) 82. Good. 83. (Pause.) 84. We're coming. 85. (Pause.) 86. And to end up with? 87. (Pause.) 88. Discard. 89. (He throws away the dog. He tears the whistle from his neck.) 90. With my compliments. 91. (He throws the whistle towards the auditorium. Pause. He sniffs. Soft.) 92. Clov! 93. (Long pause.) 94. No? Good. 95. (He takes out the handkerchief.) 96. Since that's the way we're playing it... 97. (he unfolds handkerchief) 98. ...let's play it that way... 99. (he unfolds) 100..and speak no more about it... (he finishes unfolding) 101.speak no more. 102.(He holds handkerchief spread out before him.) 103.Old stancher! 104.(Pause.) 105 .You... remain. 106.(Pause. He covers his face with handkerchief, lowers his arms to armrests, 107. remains motionless.) 101. (Brief tableau.) 102. ...read more.

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