• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

English Describing a place (Waking up)

Extracts from this document...


How effective are the opening and closing chapters of 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens. Closing Chapter (59) The closing chapter of Great Expectations is sets eleven years after the previous chapter Pip returns to his childhood home, the forge where Joe and Biddy have settled. Before this, Pip had been working abroad in the 'East' with Herbert. This suggests that Pip is now a working man getting on steadily who is able to pay off his debts independently, in contrast to when he was a gentleman who owned money. Pip is delighted to find that Joe and Biddy had a son who they have named after him. This suggests Joe harbours no bad feelings towards Pip despite how Pip had treated Joe in London. "And sitting on my own little stool looking at the fire, was - I again!" The warm atmosphere of Joe's family contrasted to Chapter 2, where Pip was living a miserable child-hood, raised "by hand" by his sister. Pip takes young Pip for a walk to the church-yard to "talk immensely, understanding one another to perfection." ...read more.


Pip had heard and knows that Estella has led a most unhappy life" with Drummle, whom she purposely and 'confidently' married to wreak revenge on men: to "break men's heart," but ironically, becomes the victim being heartbroken. Drummle "used her with great cruelty" and suggests he married Estella just for greed for wealth "avarice" and also greed for "pride" for his obsession with status. They had been separated and later Drummle had died because of ill treating a horse. This reflects his use of "brutality" and "meanness" to get what he wants and ironically this had led to his death. As Pip arrives at Satis House, the house and brewery have gone and only the old garden wall remains. In this Chapter, Dickens hints of hope. For instance, "I saw that some of the old ivy had struck root anew, and was growing green on the low quiet mounds of ruin," suggesting time is updating itself and the present, the new root is replacing the past, the old ivy. In contrast to the dark and bleak atmosphere in the opening chapter, here, in the concluding chapter "stars were shining beyond the mist, and the moon was coming, and the evening was not dark." ...read more.


Dickens ends Great Expectations with a hopeful conclusion. Estella and Pip went out of the ruined place 'together.' And Pip "saw no shadow of another parting from her." This suggests that there is some justice in Pip and Estella finally able to see each other. As the reader we are led to believe that it was a happy ending. However, the ending is ambiguous because it is unclear what Pip and Estella will do next- it is not obvious whether they would get married or even remain together. I think Dickens has left the ending as a cliff-hanger because he wanted to show that life does not always go the way we want it to be. Dickens' original ending for Great Expectations was an unhappy ending which was unpublished because critics argued that the lovers deserve to be together. I feel that it is an effective ending to the novel because Dickens uses descriptive language to describe the atmosphere of the ending which is contrasted in the opening reminding us of the scene. The use of a cliff hanger in the ending may also suggest the unpredictability of life as we do not know what lies ahead in the future. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe essays

  1. Great Expectations

    He is not very nice at all to the convict as he shoves him right out the way. When Pip uses the word "stay" this would tell the reader that the convict is being told to stay away. Pip also remembers what he did for him when he was a child.

  2. Great Expectations

    All four of these quotations from the story have at least one thing to do with skeletons and bones, which are connected to both death and Miss Havisham. It suggests to the reader that the old lady is just turning into skin and bones, and very skeleton like.

  1. Great Expectations

    "I had never seen her shed a tear before" showing his bemusement to Miss Havisham's unorthodox behaviour. "She was down upon the ground" shows a complete change in Miss Havisham's behaviour towards Pip as a domineering and intimidating figure who is now prostrating before him.

  2. Explore Dickens notion of what it means to be a true gentleman in

    armour that he likes to keep hidden because otherwise he feels vulnerable and exposed. In the last paragraph Pip is feeling very miserable since his visit to Miss Havisham and is thinking about what happened there. He has now come to the conclusion that he is "a common labouring boy;

  1. Above and Beyond - The return

    The little guy made e call the police, and when they came over they found my cousin waiting in my apartment. e was going to kill me. That was over a year ago. Dee didn't talk much then." Kaley was silent.

  2. great expectations

    of being there, trapped inside from the awful weather outside, just listening to the beat of the rain against the window, tap, tap, tapping away. This way the reader can get a good understanding and visualise how much of an aid that the rain was to pips mood and also to the mood of the scene.

  1. Deep Regrets

    otherwise but the end of the night it'll be fit for fire wood. But I'm starting to have second thoughts already I remember the last words they said to me "We are going to have to trust you at some point in your life, and it may as well be now."

  2. Great Expectations

    Pip is finally let go, to run home but meanwhile with the thought of this young man in his head thinking about how to get food from his cruel sister. Mrs. Joe Gargery is hard and Pip would be hit by the tickler (a wooden stick)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work