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According to Robert Solomon in his article 'In the spirit of Hegel', the self is only asserted when it reacts to something. It is not asserted by intuition. This reaction against a thought or an idea imposed by others on oneself

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Introduction

"If nobody ever acknowledged your existence, you wouldn't exist as a person. You'd just be a person less body"1. Self Consciousness - or in other words self awareness and knowledge of what you truly are - exists in only being acknowledged or recognized. In being recognized we refer to someone else other than the self - 'The Other'. "A person is not courageous, or generous, or shy, or tall, or fat, except in the context of other people, and what they say to us."2 According to Robert Solomon in his article 'In the spirit of Hegel', the self is only asserted when it reacts to something. It is not asserted by intuition. This reaction against a thought or an idea imposed by others on oneself which for some reasons one finds unacceptable. Hence, the self goes into contradiction between two things, the self of the person himself and the self that is known or imposed or pointed out by the others. This contradiction will result in an inescapable struggle, which ends by a self of these two superseding the otherness in itself. ...read more.

Middle

The objects are there for him to use. If we look closely, we find a problem; first the self - image is confirmed by the slave which are beings that the lord does not respect, worthless beings. Furthermore, the lord knows that the slaves don't respect him, they actually resent him, but they have to obey him. The lord wanted to be recognized by beings that he or she respects as an equal. "The latter's [Lord's] essential nature is to exist only for himself; he is the sheer negative power for whom the thing is nothing. Thus he is the pure, essential action in this relationship [lord - slave], while the action of the bondsman is impure and unessential. But for recognition proper the moment is lacking, that what the lord does to the other he also does to himself, and what the bondsman does to himself he should also do to the other. The outcome is a recognition that is one-sided and unequal."5 Second, the lord is becoming totally dependent on the slave, in other words he is becoming a slave of his own slaves. ...read more.

Conclusion

In a sense the slave gets a feel of power. "... in fashioning the thing, he [slave] becomes aware that being-for-self belongs to him, that he himself exists essentially and actually in his own right. The shape does not become something other than himself through being made external to him; for it is precisely this shape that is his pure being-for-self, which in this externality is seen by him to be the truth."7 Therefore, what was thought to be an independent consciousness turned out to be a dependent one. In the relationship of lordship and bondage, nothing is what at first seems to be. 1- William Paterson University, Philosophy Department, Master/Slave Dialectic http://www.wpunj.edu/cohss/philosophy/COURSES/HEGEL/MASlAVE.HTM 2- In the Spirit of Hegel, Robert Solomon. 3- Phenomenology of Spirit, Independence and Dependence of Self-consciousness: Lordship and Bondage, Hegel, � 180, page: 92. 4- Phenomenology of Spirit, Independence and Dependence of Self-consciousness: Lordship and Bondage, Hegel, � 189, page: 95. 5- Phenomenology of Spirit, Independence and Dependence of Self-consciousness: Lordship and Bondage, Hegel, � 191, page: 96. 6- Phenomenology of Spirit, Independence and Dependence of Self-consciousness: Lordship and Bondage, Hegel, � 192, page: 192. 7- Phenomenology of Spirit, Independence and Dependence of Self-consciousness: Lordship and Bondage, Hegel, � 196, page: 98. ...read more.

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