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GCSE: Arthur Miller
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This cowardice then guides me onto the main reason why Mary Warren is responsible for Proctor's death. "Don't touch me" page 95 leads onto Mary's accusation of John Proctor to take away the pressure on her for being an apparent witch, meaning it is brought on by cowardice. Not only is this an obvious reason for Proctors death, but one could suggest that no one else in Salem would've ever accused Proctor of witchcraft. "Respected, if not feared in Salem" page 16 evokes this thought. Mary's accusation of Proctor also expresses her deep fear of Abigail as previously shown in the dialogue on page 14, when Abigail threatens to kill the girls "at the dark of some terrible night", if they breathe a word of what they did in the forest.
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The Crucible is a study of power and manipulation." Select any two or three characters and show how they illustrate the abuse of power.4 star(s)
Clasping her arms around herself is seen as an interpretive action made by Abigail. The stage directions then tell us that her eyes fall on Mary Warren as if to say the 'cold wind' was caused by her. This can be seen as an accusation that she has become the devil or has gained devil like qualities. In my opinion, Abigail Williams is used by Arthur Miller to illustrate the way that power can lead to manipulation. With ill- concealed resentment, "Do you begrudge me my bed uncle?" This quote shows us that Abigail can turn any situation that looks bad for her around and place the blame on the character opposing her.
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So was she to blame for it? She didn't do it intentionally but she is to blame for, for John Proctors death because if there wasn't her there wouldn't such things as witchery and the death of John Proctor. Marry Warren is easily influence by those around her. She is scared and timid at all times. She was the one who lied to court that John Proctor is a witch. "Mary Warren [Pointing at Proctor]: You're the devils man!" Knowing that if she told the court this John Proctor will be hanged.
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Consider the end of Millers play A View from the Bridge. How effectively does the final scene conclude the drama?5 star(s)
The tale of Vinny was told by both Beatrice and Eddie, directed at Catherine. This is ironic seen as Eddie turns out to be the 'snitch' in the end and went against the law of his Italian community and faith. Another clue towards the conclusion of the play is the setting, Red hook, which was a dangerous place where its residents 'pay no regards to the law set' which could result in death for doing the right thing, therefore Eddie could be seen as the 'good guy' by laying the law, but when doing so he went against his faith and family belief.
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for his niece, it is also obvious that he is very protective over Catherine and genuinely cares about her. Eddie and his wife have taken Catherine in and have given her a loving and caring home to live in. Also, Eddie seems popular within his community, is liked by Louis and Mike and is described by Alfieri as "good a man as he had to be in a life that was hard and even." (p. 26) Eddie is respected both in the house, because he is head of the household, and in the community. This shows that he is actually a noble person, with high status in the Italian-American community.
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the clear line of some of the Greek tragedies." Meaning that the audience would be confronted with a situation and that the audience would be told in the beginning what the ending was. The question was not what was going to happen, but how it was going to happen. Each of the following aspects of the play contributes importantly to the build up of dramatic tension as the play progresses and the audience will slowly see how the tragedy will play out. Alfieri tells us at his opening speech that he was "powerless" and that nothing he could have done would have altered the "bloody course".
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Not only does 'Death of a Salesman' inform the audience about Arthur Miller's opinions on success, failure and dreams4 star(s)
The central character in this play is Willy Loman, Arthur Miller's representation of a working class hero. At the beginning of the play, it becomes apparent that Willy's state of mind isn't stable. After arriving back from a business trip, Willy tells Linda that 'I couldn't make it.' Not long after, Willy is in the garden talking to himself and reminiscing about the past. Biff and Willy have a unique relationship, they love each other but their different beliefs about dreams have torn them apart.
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What techniques does Arthur Miller use to highlight the conflict between past and present in Death of a Salesman? How do these techniques also demonstrate his main themes?4 star(s)
Also, the type of music sets the mood for a scene. It creates atmosphere and conveys to the audience the emotions of the characters. Also, silence can highlight a particular scene. The absence of music means that the audience focuses entirely on the conversation taking place. In Death of a Salesman, flute music is heard constantly throughout the duration of the play. It bridges the play, as it is heard both at the beginning and the end. The flute music evokes a faraway, idyllic world, representing the past. It also represents a contrast between Willy and his father. Willy's father was a pioneer; he made flutes and sold his own products.
- Word count: 1699
This essay will examine the ideas of manliness, hostility, aggression and how these notions are explored in A View from the Bridge a play by Arthur Miller.3 star(s)
His ideologies regarding masculinity revolve around physical strength, mean attitude, being breadwinner and earning income through tough labour. He believes that the leader of the house should have control of other people's actions. Eddie also has hostile characteristics because when his masculinity is questioned he starts to threaten people verbally. Unlike before he did not mind Catherine and Beatrice's actions. This can be observed when Beatrice asks him when she is going to be "a wife again". This challenges Eddie's masculinity as he is unable to please his wife. Eddie's response to this comment is very threatening as he says that he will beat her if she does not stop asking.
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As these cries build up, spontaneous events begin to happen. 'Suddenly [Ben} comes in, trips Biff.... the point of his umbrella poised over his eye.' As the scene so quickly switches from fun to a tense atmosphere, this makes the scene dramatic. The event is out-of-the-blue that it highlights in the instability between the characters behaviours, and the pace at which the scene is moving is very swift. When Ben says he has to go, Willy bursts out saying, 'We're gonna rebuild this entire front stoop right now.' The fact that he has to show off to Ben, and go out on a complete whim to impress him, emphasises how hectic the scene is and to the extent that Willy will go to just to have Ben's approval.
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The scene gets more and more dramatic as it gets on. At first, it shows us an idyllic, happy time; Willy is apparently a fantastic success, who is idolized by two loving sons. The eldest son, Biff, is popular with the others at school and with girls, a great sportsman, and generally "well liked". They all live in a beautiful house, surrounded by fields. But we then find about Biff stealing and then his poor academic achievement, that Willy lies about how successful he really is, and finally the affair with the woman before the whole thing spirals out of control and turns into some kind of terrible nightmare.
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A View from a Bridge. How Does Betrayal Work as a Thematic Material? Who Does Eddie Betray In The Play? How Is Eddie Punished For His Betrayal?
All the characters in the play are linked to betrayal which shows how significant and important it is however the theme community undermines the betrayal as it doesn't support it in how Eddie chooses to go against his family and begins his obsession with himself. Eddie betrays numerous of characters in the play ranging from Catherine to Marco. The stage directions tell us that "a phone booth begins to glow...a faint, lonely blow" this is the temptation of ringing the "Immigration Bureau" to "snitch" on Rudolpho and Eddie falls for this.
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Alfieri also says 'Justice is very important here', the keywords in the quote are 'important' and, evidently, 'justice', they show how meaningful justice is in the neighborhood in which the play is set, which subtly informs the audience of an ongoing theme which is to be raised at some point in the play, maybe more than once. This prepares the audience for coming conflicts because when one thinks of justice, like Alfieri, they know it can lead to conflict and death, therefore creating dramatic tension.
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The next stage directions are 'Catherine almost in tears because he disapproves', this shows that the way that Eddie said this, angrily and forcefully, was upsetting to Catherine. Eddie persists through the scene about Catherine's appearance, showing that he can be obsessive, but drops it when Beatrice enters and he reveals the news of the cousins' arrival. Eddie is then told about Catherine's job offer, he is reluctant at first, asking all kinds of questions such as 'Where's the job? What company?' showing that he is disturbed about the possibility of Catherine taking a job, and needs to know more.
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He asked "Your name is entirely white, is it not." Abigail then replied 'There be no blush about my name.' and when further questioned about her stature Abigail flew into a temper "My name is good in the village! I will not have it said my name is soiled!" These statements show how Abigail would not tolerate having a blackened name and how important it was to maintain an unblemished one. Once the citizens of Salem believed that Abigail had a good and trustworthy name, she had the power to accuse anyone of performing witchcraft.
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Views Toward Eddie In "A View From The Bridge". There are people who loved him, cared about him, people who hated him.
He is human. He is self-interested like anyone else could be, and that he was just standing up for his own justice all the way long. Yet this fatal flaw :Eddie's jealousy and over protectiveness toward Catherine had made Alfieri and other people watch 'powerless' and led to the tragedy at the end of the play. His love toward Catherine had destroyed his honour toward his community, which was ironic since he was the one telling his family never to betray the illegal immigrants.
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* Miller invited the audience to see the parallels between Salem witch hunts and America and its investigations by HUAC. * People in Salem have a "predilection for minding other people's business" * Good people like Rebecca Nurse and Elizabeth aren't scared by witchcraft, Miller could be suggesting people's fear is actually driven by their guilty consciences. * Miller uses language to dictate the pace of the play. * The Crucible is an allegory, in this case a story based on Reverend Parris: * Act One opens with Reverend Parris "evidently in prayer" at his daughters bedside.
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How does the writer create atmosphere in this extract? The quote thats why the water front is no place for him (Rodolfo) Eddie is making Rodolfo feel unwanted and like this place is no place for you.
Eddie then moves on to how Marco and him should go see a fight together, and constantly addressing Marco showing he feels Marco as the only person who can put Rodolfo down a peg or two, he loves the dominance over Rodolfo so then takes advantage of this by always asking for Marco's approval on matters on how Rodolfo has done bad, like when Catherine and Rodolfo were out late at the picture's and Eddie states about how Rodolfo might get picked up if he's out that late and how he 'dragged' Catherine off and shouldn't be out so late with her.
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The witch trials of Salem are the metaphorical melting pot. The play shows how through previous actions people can give in to their fear and grudges, and seek revenge. For example it can be argued to some point that the trials are not really about witchcraft, as Abigail in private admits to John: 'We were dancing in the woods last night and my uncle leaped out on us. She (Betty) took fright, is all'. But as the trials progress it becomes clear that Abigail, is using her confidence and lies to try and get Elizabeth (John's wife)
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A View from the Bridge. In his portrayal of Italian immigrants, the author is able to use language to his advantage. Each character has a different level of point of view
Eddie has a strong personality, motivation and relationships with people he knows. Eddie is the main character in A View from the Bridge, Eddie has two personas one of his personas is to be head of the house and makes shore everything runs smoothly and his other personas is to go to work put his head down and work. Eddie works as an alongshore man. "I don't care who sees them go in or out as long as you don't see them go in and out". Eddie says this to Catharine and Beatrice so if the immigration office find out about their illegal cousins from Italy are staying with them all the
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I was inspired to write "The Crucible" because I was disgusted by the McCarthy trials. I myself was once subject to this appalling, and ironically enough, "undemocratic" method of accusing people of being communists. A lot of people would not employ me, as I had been blacklisted. Many people in the film industry were denied work just like me, but the blacklist extended to all areas of work. To be acquitted from the accusation of being "un-American", one would have to "pass-the buck". The situation in Salem reminds me of the trials in America, as they both are related to being falsely accused.
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The Crucible. How does Miller make vivid the triumph of superstition over reason and common sense in Salem?
Through its leaded panes the morning sunlight streams." This depicts a small window letting cracks of light into the room. The significance of the light entering being sunlight is important as the sun is often associated with gods, especially in the culture of American Indians who believe that the sun is their god. The sun comes from high above, like heaven, which is significant as the small cracks represent the small amount of heaven and therefore reasoning that is filtering through the room.
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At the start of the play, Eddie is seen as a kind and hospitable man. His family believe him to be caring man and when he allows Bea's family to stay in his home, she describes him as "an angel". Catherine also respects Eddie and when Eddie allows her to go and get a job, she "rushes and hugs him". The community Eddie lives in also sees him as a respectful man. When he takes Beatrice's illegally immigrated family into his home, Louis believes that Eddie has "a lotta credit comin'" to him.
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He talks about the play in the past tense referring to it as if it has already happened and he has "Watched it run its bloody course". The use of the word "bloody" shows that violence is a recurring theme and also implies that there is a tragic end to it. He first takes off his hat to the audience as a sign of respect and even possibly reminiscence. "You see how uneasily they nod to me? That's because I am a lawyer."
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Miller presents Eddie as masculine, by making Eddie the one who works and earns money for the family. He is also respected within the community, and honoured by his family. He is also presented as a typical Shakespearean hero with the idea of the fatal flaw - Eddie's being that he falls for his niece, and refuses to settle for half - being her uncle, and by that, he endangers the other aspects of his life, like his own wife, his honour, and his job. He also presents him as a protective figure to Catherine, looking out for her.
- Word count: 1796