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GCSE: Arthur Miller
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- Marked by Teachers essays 8
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How does Miller use the development of characters and their interaction with others to build tension in the second half of Act 3, culminating in Proctor denouncing God?
Miller found himself before the "House Committee on Un-American Activities" and drew many comparisons between the Salem witch trials and the trial in which he found himself. Having further researched further the Salem witch trials Miller decided to write "The Crucible" which mirrored the almost immature and na�ve hysteria surrounding the communist threat. In this essay I will focus on the Court room scene in the second half of Act 3 in "The Crucible". I feel this scene draws many parallels with the manner of the McCarthy trials; the manipulative and biased nature of the judge, who seems to twist
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As soon as Rodolfo and Marco arrive Eddie takes a sudden dislike to the cousin, Rodolfo, unlike Catherine who flirts with Rodolfo, much to Eddie's distaste. When Rodolfo sings for the family Eddie "rises and moves upstage", physically moving himself away from Rodolfo, the first bit of tension shown in the house. Within three months Catherine and Rodolfo are dating and Eddie is becoming more and more protective. "It's after eight... they must have seen every picture in Brooklyn by now."
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Arthur Miller states that Abigail Williams is the prime mover in the Salem hysteria. Discuss her importance, both as a character, and in terms of dramatic fusion on stage
There are quotes that shows this an example of one is 'Now give me an upright answer. Your name in the town-it entirely white, is it not? ...I herd it said she will not sit so close to something soiled.' Firstly this quote shows that parries and Abigail are not close, as the Parris has to force her to confide in him. Secondly this closeness seems more distance as Parris bouts Abigail, this is suggested as he is questioning her if she is soiled, implying her past actions were unclean and dirty. a quote that shows Abigail's personality likewise how this effects there relationship 'we danced uncle let you tell them we danced Parris is constantly trying
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Using both Act 2 and Act 4, explore the relationship between John and Elizabeth. Outline how the relationship develops in relation to the wider events of The Crucible
I think not.", and eventually incited the accusations of witchcraft in desperate pursuit of vengeance, "But it is a whore's vengeance, and you must see it". John and Abigail's opinion of their relationship differ vastly; Abigail truly loves John and feels they have a special bond because John "put knowledge in [Abigail's] heart"; this is a euphemism for John taking Abigail's virginity- something which was extremely precious in puritan towns like Salem, due to the Christian values of chastity and purity.
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Explore and analyse the ways in which miller presents ideas of manliness, hostility and aggression in A view from the Bridge
This caused the effect of how they were back then. For example they lived in slums, which was "entirely unromantic" (page 12). It wasn't a place where people thought to be romantic place. People also used to say if you "meet a lawyer or a priest on the street is unlucky" (page 12) obviously meeting a lawyer or a priest creates a bad vibe around people as they were seen as representing disaster. Manliness is evidently seemed to be a very big part of Eddie, especially when it involves his pride or ego.
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And with them new high heels on the sidewalk-clack, clack, clack. The heads are turnin' like windmills." This attention to detail and care shows the audience that Eddie is like a father to her. He wants what's best for her. However, this also suggests that Eddie doesn't want to let go of Catherine, he treats her like a little girl. He doesn't want her to grow up and start looking at boys, partly because of his love as a father and partly for his inappropriate love, he secretly hopes that she will stay a little girl and be with him forever.
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How does Arthur Miller present characters who engage the emotions of the audience of A View from the Bridge(TM)? To what extent are these characters trapped by their time and background?
The play was written in a fatalistic tone to show us that the outcome is inevitable, and Eddie is doomed. The genre of this play is obviously a tragedy, as it contains several typical conventions of Greek tragedy. In Greek tragedy, there must be a tragic hero - Eddie - with a tragic flaw (a weakness that the audience understands and can connect with) - Eddie's love for Catherine. If the hero lives fully, he must always follow his heart, even if it means suffering not only for him but also for others.
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In Act one Proctor is presented in the commentary as "a kind of man-powerful of body even-tempered and not easily led" but also "a sinner against the moral fashion of the time". Proctor's power is displayed with the quite cruel way he speaks to Mary Warren leaving her, "both afraid of him and strangely titillated". He says, "I'll show you great doin' on your arse one of these days. Now get you home". The speech is threatening and aggressive and brings out Proctor's darker, more controlling side.
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How effective are the closing scenes in the play at resolving the conflict presented in Arthur Miller(TM)s The Crucible?
Evidence for this is in Act 2 as Proctor says Massachusetts is a beauty in spring (page 42). This shows that the play began in spring and the witchcraft saga continues until autumn. As well as that death can relate to autumn, as it's the time of year when plants die. And of course the final act is a matter of life and death. The cell in which the final act is acted out in is an important part of the setting as it links in with the other rooms in which the play is acted out in which are all linked in with the theme of private acts having public consequences.
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People of today are scared of the growing power of China, especially the USA. China has a huge population and with people working at extremely low wages, products can be made very cheaply. His means that the country as a whole is very rich - even though the general population is not. This is worrying because products from China are replacing US products in the market because they are cheaper. Many people joke of how China is 'taking over the world,' but looking at the facts they know just how right they could be. This relates to the play because it again shows how a society can be changed due to fear and paranoia.
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The courtroom scene of act two is described as the most dramatic scene of the play. How does Miller make it dramatic? In your opinion is it more dramatic than act 4?
Critic's newspaper etc immediately saw this as an act against the court, and so in 1956 he was called to court accused of being involved with communism. These chapters of his life where capturing those of a mixture of the characters in his play, as when Miller was asked to give names of those he had seen at a communist meeting, he refused even though it could of resulted in prison. Fortunately Miller did not go to prison. The trials had started to come to an end so that could of effected the result of his trial, but he was
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Giving the audience the impression that Eddie is going to be the tragic hero in the play. Furthermore, the audience also immediately get the impression that Eddie is the tragic hero as he tells the story about Vinnie Bonzola and when the family hear the story they are all shocked that someone could betray one of their family members like that. Eddie is especially shocked about this particular scenario and this is very ironic as little does he know that as the play progresses he would be doing the same thing. This makes Eddie's behaviour even more outrageous and appalling as firstly he is being a hypocrite and secondly, he was probably the most shocked out of his whole family.
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For example, whilst he is in a restaurant with Biff and Happy, he becomes confused between the door of the restaurant's washroom and the door of the hotel room in which he committed adultery - "the washroom ... the door ... where's the door?". The effect of this line on the play is to blur the line between past and present a little, letting the audience feel some of Willy' confusion. It also creates a sense of danger as to whether his secret will be exposed.
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Reverend Parris' maid Tituba is a black slave in her forty's from the Caribbean. She is an innocent women but trouble always seems to follow her. Betty Parris (Reverend Paris' Daughter) is thought to have been consumed by the devil; she was involved in an act of 'conjuring' and was then left unconscious, this is when the witch-hunt began. The play is set in the 1962 witch trials of Salem .This is when people were blamed for witch craft to settle grudges and rivalries.
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Alfieri was standing on the bridge looking over, watching the argument flare out until its disastrous conclusion, ending in death. Miller started the play with Alfieri, the narrator. This was because of Alfieri's importance. Theoretically, Alfieri was telling a story that had already happened to the audience. It was important to let the audience know that this story was a circular plot. Alfieri started the play with his first soliloquy. He was walking to his office when he saw a couple of long shore men.
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For example, the Committee had lists of people and wanted the witnesses to name names, after observing this Miller took it into consideration for his play. When Miller was merely a young adult he had attended a socialist conference during the McCarthy period, when the Senator was first creating Hysteria concerning Communism. This is what inspired Miller to make Hysteria the main theme of his play. Additionally Miller was also brought in front of the court and was questioned about his loyalty to Communism; this also gave Miller an idea for his forthcoming play.
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In part two of Silas Marner, Eppie has the opportunity to be adopted by Godfrey Cass. She declines his offer. Discuss why she responds this way, with reference to both Silas Marner and Godfrey.
Lewes died in his sleep in 1878, and in 1880 Evans married John Cross. On the other hand they were only married 8 months as she died in that same year. In addition because she had not lived by the rules of the church, her body was forbidden burial in Westminster Abbey's Poet's Corner. Instead, her husband chose a plot near where George Lewes lay in Highgate Cemetery. Silas Marner is a weaver, and first lived in Lantern Yard, but after 15 years he moved to Raveloe after being accused of the theft of the church's money.
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We know right from the beginning that is going to end in a tragedy because Alfieri says, I was "powerless as I watched it run its bloody course." Arthur Miller said that the play was a Greek tragedy and therefore concerned incestuous relationships within a family. The protagonist of this play is Eddie Carbone; he is a longshoreman that lives with his wife, Beatrice and orphaned niece, Catherine. He is an inarticulate character and is powerless at the end of this tragedy.
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He said his line "I mean to please you" sincerely and softly. Because of Justin's performance, I realized that Proctor and Elizabeth are still uneasy because of the affair. Furthermore, Elizabeth is being very difficult and Proctor is trying very hard to try and get the relationship back together. Another line which comes to mind is "an everlasting funeral marches around your heart." This is when Proctor loses his temper; Proctor has tried really hard and is lashing out because of what Elizabeth said to him.
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Alfieri is a wise 'lawyer in his fifties turning gray' who is a friend of Eddie. Beatrice is Eddie's wife; she's a loving and caring person with 'too big a heart.' Catherine is Beatrice's niece. Marco and Rodolpho are brothers, Beatrice's cousins and are the two illegal immigrants coming over to stay at Eddie's house. The relationships between the characters are important and also play a major role in contributing to the tragedy. Arthur Miller has understood this point well. The main tensions in the opening scene are noticeable when Catherine comes to Eddie with 'very good news' ; she tells Eddie that she has been picked out of all the girls in her typing class to be offered a well paid job at a big plumbing company.
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if he can stop the marriage and goes to Alfieri the second time to see if he can send them back to Italy. He goes home and calls the immigration bureau and when the immigration bureau arrives to arrest Marco and Rodolfo Marco spits in Eddies face, this is the climax. Marco also blames him for killing his family. The theme of the play is: * Allegiance to community law- This is being loyal to the community law. The community tends to follow the Sicilian-American customs, shelters illegal immigrants with in their homes, values respect and family.
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Analyse and discuss the way in which Arthur Miller presents the relationship between John and Elizabeth Proctor, focussing on the dramatic change from Act two to Act four'
This was seen as a major rule break as things like dancing, singing or even reading were never permitted in Salem. In stead of owning up to this mistake, and preventing themselves to even more trouble one of the girls, Betty one of the girls caught dancing, pretended to be possessed by the Devil and got out of any form of punishment due to the fact Reverend Paris 'tricked' her into doing it as it was not her performing witchcraft.
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To save herself Abigail blames Tituba. Abigail tells John they were only playing in the forest. Mr Hale forces the terrified Tituba to confess that she made a pact with the Devil. She names two other witches. Suddenly Abigail sees the chance to escape punishment, so she joins in the accusations, supported by the now fully conscious Betty. The opening scene starts off with the atmosphere surrounded by fear. Reverend Parris is a very weak and self-centred person in the story many people despise him, for example John Procter and Mr Putnam.
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The appearance of a man should be with dark features and big size. He thinks that a real man should be like him, the breadwinner who works hard, doing work that uses muscle and not much brain: "I worked like a dog". He perhaps also thinks that a man would always look at a pretty woman in a sexual way rather than just another person; this is shown when he says there are "bad men" at Catherine's workplace. Another quality which Eddie considers to manly is power.
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On hearing this Elizabeth's faith in John is totally demolished, as he had previously told her that Abigail had sworn this "with a crowd". John demands that Elizabeth stop judging him, he says that he feels like his home is a courtroom. Elizabeth replies that the real court is in his own heart. At this point John proctor's attention is drawn to a noise outside he decides to investigate, as he goes to the door Mary Warren enters, he goes immediately to her and unleashing his anger he grabs her and shakes her violently.
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