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GCSE: Arthur Miller
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It later went onto win the "Theatre Guild National Prize." His next play, "All My Sons," won the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award. His two most successful plays, "Death Of A Salesman" and "The Crucible" soon followed. He later went onto write the play I am studying: "A View From The Bridge." The play is set in Red Hook - a slum next to Brooklyn Bridge, New York. The neighbourhood is very rough, and everybody their looks after themselves primarily and their families.
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Crucible - Discuss two highly dramatic incidents in the play, saying how Miller creates tension and emotion.
This is well dramatically structured by starting the play with tension; Miller goes straight into the play as to not bore the audience and gives them food for thought immediately by showing the future prospects of the play. When we finally find out why Paris is so uneasy, he is engaged in a frantic argument with his niece and he slowly gives away the story of why they are in the position that faces them, "And what shall I say to them?
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Eddie's name and status in the area are also very vital to him. From the moment Rodolfo and his elder brother Marco arrive in New York, Eddie dislikes them. He is bitter towards Rodolfo, this is because Catherine seems to be fond of him and he can't accept this and also because he gets hints from the way in which Rodolfo behaves that he is gay. Nevertheless he dislikes Marco because he tries to defend Rodolfo. We will look at his motives for this later on.
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This creates a vivid mental picture and therefore invents the ideal environment for tragic goings on. Alfieri also utters an intriguing statement, 'Now we settle for half'. This claim gives the impression that in this Italian community pride and justice is fierce and that no one will settle for half of what they believe is right. He also wonders if there is another unfortunate lawyer sitting back, unable to do anything as the events, 'Run their bloody course'. The reference to blood creates another question, whether blood will be shed.
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"Examine the changes that John Proctor and Reverend Hale go through as the play progresses and decide how Miller would want an audience to react to them at the end of the play."
When Parris saw Abigail and the girls dancing in the woods he suspects witchcraft but doesn't say anything because he is worried about his status in the community. Miller wants Parris to act this way to show the audience that he is daft and why later on in the play why he is not well liked. Betty was ill the next day and the doctor could not find a cure so Parris confronts Abigail about dancing in the woods. Fearing punishment she deceitfully accuses Tituba of being a witch.
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Alfieri has dealt with many people like Eddie in his past and he comfortably accepts that all he can do is sit and watch their self-destruction. He believes he is 'inclined to notice the ruins in things' which is true but Eddie does not realise that Alfieri is trying to stop the 'ruins' from happening to him. As an audience, when Eddie continuously dismisses Alfieri's advice, it creates tension because they know that Eddie is doomed but they, like Alfieri, cannot do anything to help.
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By What means does Miller create a sense of Expectations within his audience in the final section of Act 1?
The quotation creates tension straightaway and the audience now knows the real Eddie and how Eddie is bottling up his powerful and explosive emotion. A further quotation is ''the chair raised like a weapon over Eddie's head''. This quotation shows the audience that a new mystery has unveiled between Marco and Eddie. This is a very unusual thing to happen but now that Eddie has Started to show hatred to Rodolfo, Marco is standing up for Rodolfo. After Marco raises the chair over Eddie's head Marco and Eddie stare into each others eyes.
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He does this by bringing up boxing. He finds this relates well to the upcoming boxing match not to far away, in a couple of weeks. But, this could be seen as undeliberate by some viewers because of the situation, so could just be a coincidence. Up to now in the play we, as the audience, have begun to realise that Eddie has secret feelings for Catherine. These feelings for her have helped the hatred for Rodolfo rise; this is because she has started to date him.
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Not only does Proctor have a strong and powerful appearance, his speech also expresses his rash and rough personality. Once again - his image is enough to shatter the confidence of others surrounding him. It's as if he is surrounded by an impenetrable aura that has the power to demolish and destroy anyone who opposes him. Aside from his appearance and antagonistic ways of speaking, Proctor also bears an iconoclastic figure throughout the play. He is one of the few people in this story who has the courage to stand up against authority. This is probably another reason why he is the source of a large proportion of the play's conflict. "I may speak my heart. I think!" (p24)
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How and how effectively does Anna Mackmin's Sheffield Theatres (2004) production of The Crucible respond to Arthur Miller's play?
"What I sought was a metaphor, an image that would spring out of the heart, all-inclusive, full of light... For if the current degeneration of discourse continued, we could no longer be a democracy, a system that requires a certain basic trust in order to exist." This intention of Arthur Miller's was superbly expressed through the settings in Anna Mackmin's production of the play. The auditorium was surrounding the stage, which was slightly raised from the front row. This almost created a barrier that seemed to make me feel like I was on the outside and looking in from an alternate viewpoint "We wanted to try to give a feeling of nature surround this small, controlled and very contained world.".
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In this essay I aim to explore how Arthur Miller develops the character of Eddie Carbone in three key scenes from A view from a Bridge.
Eddie is forty, heavily built and slightly flabby. He is essentially a straight forward man who `worked on the docks when there was work, he bought home his pay and he lived'. He is loving and generous, but is however an over-protective fatherly figure to his orphaned niece, Catherine, in her increasing maturity. In the opening scene of the play, we immediately acknowledge through stage directions Eddie's "husky, slightly overweight" appearance. This may routinely suggest to the audience that he's an average Joe, which may cause us to think of him as someone we could've been.
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'A View from the Bridge' - How does Arthur Miller show the strains on the Carbone household in the scene where the audience first meets Eddie, Catherine and Beatrice.
Eddie compliments Catherine on how nice her skirt looks but also complains. Eddie tells Catherine that Beatrice's cousins have landed. Catherine shouts and tells Beatrice that her cousins have arrived. Immediately, Beatrice enters the sitting room with her hand clasped at her breast. Beatrice sits down weak from tension. Beatrice asks Eddie if they will be all right. Eddie explains to Beatrice that they will be fine. Suddenly Beatrice panics since she was not expecting Marco and Rodolpho till next Thursday and was intending to clean the house. Beatrice all of a sudden realises that she had not prepared food for Marco and Rodolpho.
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I think we did see the play as Miller Wanted us to because we (the readers) did feel for the innocent characters and we did understand that what was going on was wrong. I think that Miller didn't want us to agree with any of McCarthy's views because he made McCarthy look bad and you could maybe compare him with Hitler and other people who hurt other people for no reason except prejudice. In the play Salem is the Crucible (in scientific sense)
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Will Eddie's emotions take over? Beatrice Carbone is Eddie's wife; she is a loving, caring wife to Eddie. Beatrice is Catherine's key to open the locked doors of reality kept locked by Eddie. She is a typical wife; she cooks, cleans and looks after her family. Throughout the play we establish Beatrice's concern about Eddies feelings towards his niece Catherine develop, also we unravel Beatrice's jealously towards Eddie and Catherine's relationship. Catherine Carbone is the niece to Eddie and Beatrice.
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Paragraph 1. The lights rise in the apartment where Catherine and Beatrice are clearing the table. Catherine - "You know where they went?" Beatrice - "Where?" Catherine - "They went to Africa once. On a fishing boat." Catherine - "It's true, Eddie." Eddie - "I didn't say anything'." Eddie at this point in the play is becoming very vigilant of the growing interconnection between Catherine and Rodolfo, which he strongly deprecates. Beatrice who contravenes Eddie's claims against Rodolfo assents Catherine and Rodolfo's growing affection and senses Eddie's perturbation; so Catherine and Beatrice try to conciliate the situation by jokes.
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A court of law was set up to deal with this (and other) allegations, but it worsened matters. The court's only "witnesses" were friends of Betty Paris who, in an attempt to rid themselves of the blame, (as they had been caught dancing in the woods, an act condemned by the church), began to name members of the community at random accusing them of having been seen with the devil. Miller uses a number of literary techniques to make the scene a more powerful one.
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The scene also shows how close Catherine and Rodolfo become after Eddie trying to separate them. We also see the way Beatrice is mostly in the middle of the characters. She is very aware how tense Eddie is becoming due to the growing relationship between Catherine and Rodolfo. However she is very pleased with them both. We also see Marco agreeing with Eddie's authority but warning him not to bully his brother by having a show of physical strength, this show of strength prefigures what happens at the end of the play.
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None of the characters in Arthur Millers 'The Crucible' are wholly blameless for the ensuing tragedy. In your opinion does the audience find them sympathetic?
Abigail had a very traumatic childhood. The Native Americans murdered her parents and brought her up. Then under the care of her uncle, Parris, during her employment at the Proctor's household, she fell in love and had an affair with John Proctor. However her love was unrequited, despite misguided impressions that John loved her. These dire events in Abigail's life led to her manipulative, selfish yet desperate nature and this nature is what empowered Abigail to 'cry witch'. Miller's portrayal of Abigail endears with her language displaying hysteria, power, love, and the harsh reality of her childhood, all of which were factors empowering her to impel the trials.
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Focusing on Act 3, to what extent is 'The Crucible' by Arthur Miller an attack on elements of society?
Miller's attack suggests that there is still a long way to go until society can be truly called fair. Secondly, the way Miller has set out some of the characters such as their language or their tone of voice is also an attack on society. I think this is due to the impressions given off by the characters that most people would usually interpret them as being good people, but Miller shows that they are not. One example is Judge Hathorne.
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Why and How Does Eddie Carbone Change As The Play Progresses? What Leads to His Death? How Do You Think an Audience would respond To the Changes in his Personality As They Watch Him Destroy Himself?
He believes that loyalty should stay strong, not only within a family, but the whole community. The neighbours look out for each other. The audience notices that he's a character with passionate beliefs. Eddie's father was a poor immigrant from Sicily. He thinks that he has worked hard to get to where they are now. "I worked like a dog twenty years so a punk could have her". He feels that immigrants should work as hard as he had done. This is why Eddie is seen as a proud man; he has reached so far in life, without any failures as of yet, and is determined to maintain his earned respect.
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Discuss the importance of stage directions in Arthur Millers "a View from the Bridge" and what they reveal about the character of Eddie Carbone.
The Sicilian background is one of the most important things that motivates Eddie. 'A view from the Bridge� is set in Brooklyn, amongst an immigrant community who are poor and struggling, most working as 'longshoremen' when the work is available. The main character, Eddie, is a shown to be a simple person who is a victim of circumstances but he also contributes to his downfall. I believe that Eddie's apartment is the most crucial setting in a View from A Bridge. Because Eddie has to follow the Italian code of honour where the family is the most important, he offers his illegal cousins a place to sleep in his own apartment.
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Essay Title: How does Miller create and raise dramatic effects and tension within Act III of the Crucible?
The name: Crucible was chosen, as it is a vessel in which metal is heated to a high temperature and melted for the purposes of casting. It can also refer, metaphorically, to a time in history when great political, social, and cultural changes are in force, where society is seemingly being melted down and recast into a new mould. The word is also remarkably similar to crucifixion, which Miller certainly intended in choosing it as the title of his play.
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Focusing on Act 3, to what extent is 'The Crucible' by Arthur Miller an attack on elements of society?
In the opening of act 3 Arthur Miller has 'two high windows.' This makes the room sound very familiar to a prison cell and again a prison cell is where you don't want to be and maybe Miller's trying to sat that the courts were like a prison. Also not forgetting the 'sunlight pouring through.' Back in the days traditionally sunlight was meant to be good luck and also it was meant to be the representative of God and truth. This can have a great effect on the audience because it gets them thinking and into the mood, and that the current problems surrounding Salem aren't going to get any better but maybe worse.
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Whilst Abigail, Mercy and Mary were talking, Betty starts whimpering and screaming and the other girls don't know what to do with her. The whole scene got frantic at this point, and Laura used her voice well as she was screaming at the top of her lungs "I want my mama." This showed that Betty was very scared of what had happened, and of Abigail. When Abigail tried to touch her, she threw her arms in the air showing that she didn't want to be touched at all.
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Explore the implications of Beatrice's words and say to what extent you agree with her assessment of what has happened.
There is a slight pause, and EDDIE turns to BEATRICE, who has been avoiding his gaze. EDDIE: What are you mad at me lately? BEATRICE: Who's mad? (She gets up, clearing the dishes.) I'm not mad. (She picks up the dishes and turns to him.) You're the one is mad. (She turns and goes into the kitchen as CATHERINE enters from the bedroom with a cigar and a pack of matches.)" The second relationship within the Carbone family is between Eddie and Catherine, uncle and niece.
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