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GCSE: RC Sheriff
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The men can - why can't an officer?" Hibbert's personality is mainly fear which sets the scenes, as the worst thing you can get at war is fear. This must be why R.C. Sheriff the play wright used Hibbert as a coward to show people the consequances of world war one soldiers have to cope with. The play wright describes Hibbert as a coward who is isulated because of the fear which has almost taken over his life. There is a part in the script where Hibbert is pleading to Stanhope for him not to go up to the trenches, Hibbert said " I can't bear to go up in those awful trenches again -."
- Word count: 705
What characteristics of Stanhopes personality do you think this passage reveals? Support your answer with details and evidence from the passage.
STANHOPE uses alcohol to escape from the everyday horrors of war. On a follow up to the aforementioned point, escapism proves weakness. This passage also reveals STANHOPE's weakness when deprived of alcohol. He says he, "couldn't bear being fully conscious all the time" and he'd "go mad if he didn't break the strain." It is hard to define STANHOPE as a hero, as heroes do not wander around wars drunk and out of their senses. STANHOPE prefers to drink himself into oblivion and claims he is therefore able to cope with the stresses of war.
- Word count: 785
gives an impression of the trenches and dugouts being cold and wet. "(Passing the whiskey and a mug) Don't have too much water. It's rather strong today." suggests that the water was extremely dirty and that too much disinfectant was used to clean it. Sherriff illustrates the horrific conditions endured everyday by the soldiers through Hardy's description and irony. Sherriff utilizes Hardy, to show that high commanding officers were not providing proper equipment to the soldiers. "(He gropes among the papers on the table and finds a tattered map)" and "besides they're (115 rifle grenades) rusty, in any case" shows that the soldiers being provided with tattered maps and rusty equipment, rather than proper maps and equipment.
- Word count: 583
We pass the time speaking, most of the time. Our company leader often tells us anecdotes about his battles and they are really interesting. However, when have got nothing to do, we might simply talk between ourselves, play cards, or make snail races.
- Word count: 265
Stanhope shows a lot about the war, he reflects a lot about it by showing us how stressful a war can be at times, and can emotionally break you down from the inside, he shows the audience how important it is to be a commander. The audience knows that Stanhope has been in the war for the past 25 years, so he's a highly experienced commander and he knows that the war is a cruel game to play.
- Word count: 492
In a conversation with his friend Osbourne, Stanhope admits that, "if I went up those steps without being doped with whisky I would go mad with fright". His dependency is discussed openly by Hardy and Osbourne so the audience know what is to come. Hardy asks, "How is the dear boy, drinking like a fish as usual?" Osbourne, obviously sympathetic to his friends problem calls it "bear baiting or cock fighting" This shows how close Osbourne and Stanhope are, and how dependent Stanhope is on his friend, to listen to him and comfort him.
- Word count: 962
Sheriff himself played a part in World War One as captain of the east Surrey regiment. What strikes you straight away is that Stanhope is also captain of a regiment, giving the instant impression the author writes from experience. He interprets Stanhope as a alcoholic as he copes with the stresses of the war. Drinking is his way of forgetting about the war, and gives him the strength to go out on the front line to fight. In a discussion between Osborne and Hardy in Act One, Scene One, Osborne describes Stanhope's drinking as being as cruel but entertaining as 'bearbaiting or cock fighting'.
- Word count: 847
As the play advances there are clear signs of these traits in Raleigh. For example when he arrives in the trenches, he is offered some whisky from Osborne, 'Will you have a drink?' but Raleigh replies, 'Er- well'. From this reply it is obvious that Raleigh has never drunken whisky due to his uncertainty and unclear response. To many of the older men in the trenches it was a part of everyday life, as if they were drinking water, and this incident in turn exaggerates Raleigh's inexperience and youthful mind. Then, just to emphasise his youth, Raleigh says, '...
- Word count: 992
Stanhope's reasons for not taking proper leave in three years are thought off by the other soldiers as high commitment levels and devotion to his job. But we find out the real reason is his love for Madge(Raleigh's sister) is to great that he does not wish to let her see what he has become under the pressures of war and leadership and wants her to still believe he is a great hero who many look up to and admire.
- Word count: 560
Another time when we sympathise with Raleigh is when he wants to send a letter home. Stanhope is paranoid that Raleigh has written bad things about him in his letter to Madge, therefore Stanhope is determined to censor Raleigh's letter. After Raleigh refuses politely to give his letter to the persistent Stanhope, he is faced by Stanhope orders, "give me that letter" this lets us understand that Stanhope is willing to do anything to get that letter, and we also understand that Raleigh will be forced to give up his fight. He cries "But - Dennis -" in hope that his old friend will give in.
- Word count: 875
were just a few of the phrases that penetrated our ears through the stress that enveloped us. Naturally, Granddad already had everything perfect and ready. Ten hectic minutes later I was squashed into the car in-between the cantankerous mound that was my sister, Helen, and a bulging suitcase, half full of cans of tomato soup (apparently that was the only thing you couldn't get in the paradise to which we were on course for). Stage one - the launch, was under way with no setbacks. Or was until the "perfect" Granddad realised he had forgotten his beloved walking stick and subsequently left us waiting for ten minutes while he retrieved it!
- Word count: 906
He said tonight." Stanhope: oh, but that's absurd!" They were to leave under a smoke screen. On the contrary, I think the English planned it incorrectly because the Germans would find it harder to see the soldiers in the dark; if they put a smoke screen up then it would be even harder to see and shoot them. Another mistake, I believe, is when they decided to send Raleigh; this is because he is so young and inexperienced, however he is
- Word count: 521
What does Raleigh's letter home and the censorship issue tell you about Raleigh and Stanhope and the way they look at things?
There are many things that could attribute to this. One of these could be stress (the big German attack is only a few days away), or it could be that he is just generally in a bad mood. However I think that it has mainly to do with the alcohol he consumes and could be the effects of a hangover. It them seems that Stanhope is calmed down by Osbourne's presence. We are led to believe that Stanhope and Osbourne have been in the war together a long time together.
- Word count: 709
In Journey's End we follow the character of Raleigh for a very good reason. Raleigh is the inexperienced new boy figure
Trotter is the cohesive element in the group, who keeps things together, and is very much an everyman figure. In my view it is Trotter who takes Raleigh under his wing more than anyone else , openly defends and supports him. We also see Trotter guide the new boy around the trench and attempt to educate him towards the new environment. Oswald, although serving under Stanhope is more of a headmaster figure, portrayed as wise his whisky is written instead of distilled.
- Word count: 774
In what ways does R C Sheriff re-create the tremendous stress and fear suffered by all the men (Do all the character react in
Now day's technology is better and now advanced props are used. Most acts of performing arts are now seen at the cinema. If we were to go and see Journey's End today most of us would be shocked and horrified after watching this play, but back in 1928 people who were watching this play may have been out in the trenches, so they could personally relate to how the characters are feeling. Now days most people haven't witnessed mass death!
- Word count: 817
The poem "Notes on a Winters Journey and a Footnote", written by Norman MacCaig is a thought provoking Scottish poem. MacCaig uses stereotypical landscapes and weather to emphasise his feelings throughout the poem
He also describes other aspects of which are found mainly in Scotland such as, "stags" and "lochs". Each and every one of the six stanzas shows a different stage in which he is at in the journey allowing the reader to see the changes in his attitude and emotions at that specific time. The first stanza outlines a description of a typical Scottish countryside setting. This is shown by the way in which the snow is described, "almost faultless". This imagery is tied in with the description later in stanza one when MacCaig saw "two stags" with "cold noses and "yellow teeth" giving an overall impression to the reader that he was in the countryside.
- Word count: 813
In fact he recommends him for the job and seems to think he is "just the type". Although his attitude is particularly different to that of Stanhope who stutters and carries the opinion that it is "rotten to send a fellow who's only just arrived". However, his reasons for not wanting Raleigh to be sent happen to be because of their childhood friendship. Because of the different forms of writing, Sheriff has been able to create backgrounds for the characters and gives reasons for any inch of sentimentality.
- Word count: 838
game we would later stumble across in the Kruger. On entering the Kruger we had been mentally prepared for the fact that you can stay in the Kruger for a week and not see any of the big 5 (lion, leopard, buffalo, elephant and rhino). This really made every sighting extra special, as by day 2 (of 3) we had seen all big 5 along with many other wonders of the animal kingdom including: zebra, impala, nyala, cheetah, and vulture.
- Word count: 921
However it is also clear that there is an underlying tension in the unnerving stillness of the atmosphere at this moment in the play. The men coping with their fears through trivial matters are contrasted with Hibbert, whose fears are not so well concealed. It is at this point that Stanhope's caring personality and good leadership skills are visible, when he gets water for Hibbert and sends Mason up to keep him company. The more we empathise with Stanhope, the greater the tragedy when he is killed.
- Word count: 684
However, this view is opposed by Osborne, who argues that '[Stanhope's] experience alone make him worth a dozen men.' It is obvious to the audience that Osborne holds Stanhope in high regard. These differing views make the audience believe that Stanhope is an immature man, who is always drunk, although this is proved to be far from the truth when the viewer meets Stanhope. He is revealed as an admirable leader of his company and a brave man. Mini Plan A selection of quotations from different characters that build a picture of Stanhope before he is introduced to the audience: 'How is the dear young boy?
- Word count: 571
Osborne and Trotter have been working in different jobs for a while before being drafted whereas Stanhope and Raleigh came straight from school into the officer's life. Not much is known about trotter as he is not talked about much in the story but it is my assumption that he was also from a private school. Osborne and Trotter were both drafted as officers because of their professions; they are both regarded highly in society. Stanhope and Raleigh however were drafted as officers because of the professions of family members, Stanhope's father is a vicar and Raleigh's uncle is a senior officer, meaning he is most likely from a military background.
- Word count: 885
He opens with Hardy singing a song, "One and Two, it's with Maud and Lou...", which also shows that some parts are unrealistic and not showing a war the way we all know a war to be like. The first two characters we are introduced with are Hardy and Osborne. Hardy is the incompetent, casual and good humoured soldier which brings the hilarity and light hearted side of war to the audience's attention. Osborne on the other hand is the opposite from Hardy.
- Word count: 880
Each character has different dialogue to each other to typify their characters and to distinguish them apart. The characters also have different styles of language that provides various elements to the play. Although the play is of a deeply profound nature, the play has vital outlets of comic relief which is displayed through the characters in the play. The stage notes throughout the play show the simple, atmospheric style the Sherriff uses in describing the aspects of the play. The very start of the play which describes the set, and the situation for the whole play, tunes the audience into the tone of the scene.
- Word count: 870
Baldrick is known to make amazing substitutions for food items that are no longer available in the trenches, such as using dirt to make coffee, and saliva for a milk substitute. He may sound disgusting, but he is hilarious and lovable too. Blackadder is not very keen on going over the top and dying, and so he spends most of his time attempting to avoid going out into the field against the Germans. Thwarting Blackadder's goal are the loud, dimwitted General Melchett (Steven Fry) and his "office boy", Captain Darling (Tim McInnerny), who is determined to stop him from escaping.
- Word count: 613
There are many aspects of Stanhope which rightfully award him the status of being a hero. The audience is first introduced to the possibility of Stanhope being a hero when we first meet Raleigh. A keen and un-experienced officer, Raleigh forces himself into Stanhope's battalion. Stanhope was Raleigh's hero ever since high school, and when he joins the company he expects to some extent that Stanhope would be the same. "You know, Raleigh, you mustn't expect to find him - quite the same," Osborne tells Raleigh that Stanhope isn't the same now. Even though there are some conflicts between Raleigh and Stanhope through out the play, the audience don't see Raleigh changing his mind about Stanhope being a hero.
- Word count: 695