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GCSE: RC Sheriff

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  2. Journeys End. Act 2 begins with a feeling of hope. Trotter has comical conversation with Mason about how he likes his breakfast. Trotter continues by having an optimistic conversation with Osborne about England and the attack.

    This further emphasizes the humanity of the soldiers by illustrating to the audience how they are like ordinary people, which causes the audience feel to sorry for the characters in the play. Furthermore, an ironic atmosphere is put forward when Trotter asks for a 'bit o lean' considering his excessive weight. Sheriff uses this to show the cruelty that the soldiers have to face; the higher ranks enjoy luxurious benefits, while troops are starving in the trenches. Sheriff continues by revealing the irony of the upper class's insistence on using a class privilege system, 'Bad cooking that's all. Any porridge?'.

    • Word count: 1538
  3. Journey's End- Captain Stanhope Character Study

    It makes the audience want to see what Stanhope is actually like. Although they never meet on stag Hardy is used as a contrast to Stanhope. Hardy has a very laissez-faire attitude to life in the trenches. You can tell this because of his organization for example when he's talking about how many boots there are in the trench he says 'Oh no (there are) 25 right leg and 9 left leg, but everything's down there'. This shows not only very poorly organized but that he doesn't seem to care. He simply brushes off the fact that the boots are in a mess by saying 'everything is down there' as if it's all okay, when it's not.

    • Word count: 1748
  4. Journeys End

    Sherriff uses his character to show the audience how young men were tricked into joining the war by propaganda. They were unaware of the conditions and loss of human life. His characterisation of Raleigh makes his death at the end of the play create pathos and tragedy for the audience as his innocence and youth is accentuated and the audience soon realise the futility of war. Sherriff foregrounds Raleigh's youth and innocence as he states that he got 'kicked in the same place at rugger' emphasising his youth and characterising his innocence as rugger is the only thing he can talk about, reflecting his limited life experience.

    • Word count: 1836
  5. Journal Entry

    The strength in these soldiers is astonishing; it is hard to believe that I will ever have the ability to just carry on like they do. I do not know if I could ever be able to shield how sad I feel and carry on undeterred. I guess as it was a significant event, with a significant outcome I should do the duty to the men by noting down the raid. It was ... difficult should I say, to begin with , to carry out and also to have to deal with ending it left us to accept.

    • Word count: 1441
  6. Write an analysis of R. C. Sherriffs presentation of soldiers under stress in the trenches and examine the ways in which class attitudes of British society during the Great War are reflected in the play.

    The audience was small, but within it was Maurice Browne, who produced it at the Savoy Theatre, where it was performed for two years from 1929; it was performed over 600 times in that period. "Journey's End" was the first British anti-war play, following the countless pro-war plays and poetry that preceded it and it changed people's attitudes to war drastically. The public was ignorant to war before - it was celebrated and then forgotten. Dying for your country was seen as a noble and patriotic cause, and poems such as "The Charge of the Light Brigade" praised those who gave their lives in a pointless attack that was a result of a misinterpreted order.

    • Word count: 1905
  7. R.C. Sherrif has used the character of Raleigh in order to depict the emotions of many officers especially that of the new and fresh army officers.

    His freshness to army is shown in many ways. Sherriff shows how Raleigh behaves in front of his fellow comrades, to show his inexperienced nature. He is extremely nervous and not comfortable which is evinced by the fact that he makes little movement. For instance, he even has to be told to "take his pack off" which shows that he is in constant fear. Raleigh is also a learner. This is shown by the incident when Osborne teaches him to address him as "sir in front of men only".

    • Word count: 1039
  8. Explain what Osborne means to Stanhope and how is this shown in the play

    Osborne often acts as Stanhope's champion, defending him stoutly against anyone who speaks against him. There are many occasions when Stanhope is criticised, and Osborne shows a lot of respect for Stanhope when he stand up for him. When speaking to Hardy, he first describes Stanhope as "long way the best company commander [they have] got" and then emphasises his point through his comment that "he'll command the battalion one day". This support of Stanhope shows his staunch loyalty to Stanhope and this security is essential to one in Stanhope's position.

    • Word count: 1749
  9. How Does Sherriff recreate for his audience the tension and fear suffered by the men at the front, in his play, 'Journey's End'?

    It is these minute details that cause some of the tension, like the extra detail put in about the conditions, which may have been omitted if the play was set over a longer period of time. When the audience sees the set for the first time, they can start to feel the mood of the play. The set is quite dim, as the stage directions state, "flames of candles," and, "gloomy tunnels," showing the brooding atmosphere in the dark, dank trenches.

    • Word count: 1346
  10. Free essay

    Why is Journey's End Popular?

    In charge of Company C, Captain Stanhope is under a lot of pressure to succeed, and he has turned to alcohol to control his nerves. The other men en courage Stanhope's excessive drinking and enjoy watching him drink an entire bottle of whisky in one evening. He is dependent on the alcohol but unfortunately for the others, his temper often flares up whilst drunk. One example of this is when Hibbert jokingly tells Stanhope that he'd "better go to bed".

    • Word count: 1786
  11. In R.C. Sherriff's

    For example: "He stops as he notices the abrupt silence that follows his entry," this pause instantly creates tension. At this point Stanhope is quiet; not raising his voice but we are able to tell he is serious. When Raleigh doesn't leave the letter, Stanhope exercises his power as captain by saying: "It's the rule that all letters must be censored." Though it is a rule, Stanhope doesn't need to; Stanhope just wants his own way like a spoilt child. He once again shows his power during the exchange with Raleigh: "D'you understand an order?" Stanhope is no very irritated and so uses a rhetorical question to further his imperative; he'll stop at nothing to get a hold of that letter.

    • Word count: 1227
  12. How does RC Sherriff introduce us to the horrors of war in Act 1 of the play?

    This comparison may even suggest that they think war is pointless, just like bear baiting and cock fighting. Raleigh and Osbourne both die and everything which was built within and between the characters is torn apart, Stanhope being the perfect example having a complete mental breakdown. I guess from all that the question could be, did Sherriff imply that the war was futile? In Act 1 the idea of comradeship and relationships is brought out. Osbourne is referred to as "Uncle" this shows us the fact that just like at home when trouble occurs you turn to family for comfort and support, this is obviously what they had created in their own company.

    • Word count: 1054
  13. Physical Journey

    The author shows us this through, emotive language, reflective tones and metaphors. An Example of the emotive language is "and im sorry I could not travel both" in saying this, the author can position us to understand that man has thought about both roads, and he might be a little regretful that he did not travel down the other road.. An example of the reflective tones is "long I stood" this shows us that he is in on a journey, maybe contemplating whether he should continue. An example of a metaphor is each stanza and basically the whole poem.

    • Word count: 1462
  14. To what extent do you believe that R.C Sherriff successfully presents the experience of the life in the trenches and of how class attitudes persisted through it?

    Then with the help of George Bernard show it was produced at the Savoy theatre. " Journeys End" became a huge success in both Europe and America. R.C Sheriff died in November 1975. I personally would say that R.C Sherriff successfully presents the experience of the life in the trenches and of how class attitudes persisted throughout the play. And through out this essay I will attempt to show you why I feel the way that I do. The first character I will speak of is Raleigh he is 18 and straight from school.

    • Word count: 1433
  15. What is R.C Sheriff's message and how does he convey it?

    'Journey's End', as well as other war literature of the time, helped to change people's attitudes from Victorian attitudes to more modern and aware ones. The confrontation of Stanhope and Hibbert in act 2 scene 2 is key in our understanding of the characters and Sheriff's anti-war message. The attempt by Hibbert to escape from the war by faking neuralgia is thwarted when the character of Stanhope reveals his own fears about the war. When the character of Hibbert attempts to leave, Stanhope threatens to shoot him 'accidentally' to spare him the shame of being shot as a deserter.

    • Word count: 1041
  16. A comparison in the presentation of the 'horrors of war' in Birdsong and A Journey's End.

    The short part of the novel in which Levi and the rest of the Germans show how similar the two sides are, they are all just people that are being lead by different leaders. Another similarity to Journey's End is the inclusion of men dying for their duty, in Journey's End Osbourne and Raleigh raid the German trench putting their lives on the line for their country, similarly in Birdsong there are attacks from the trenches - " Stephan saw men trying to emerge from the trench but being smashed by bullets before they could stand."

    • Word count: 1067
  17. Explain How Sheriff uses a range of techniques in Act 1 Scene 3 to explore the Horrors of War and to make the Scene More Dramatic

    Another reason why Act 1 Scene 3 is the most significant is because in this scene R.C Sheriff explains most of the horrors of war such as death and fear of going into no mans land. In Act 3 Scene 1 R.C Sheriff uses a range of techniques to give the audience a clear idea about what it was like in World War 1. In this scene he conveys action through the raid, in which they capture a German for information. Sheriff uses language to show the audience how the soldiers felt before the raid and what they spoke about.

    • Word count: 1283
  18. Examine the presentation of Stanhope in R

    The contrast between Hardy's and Osborn's thoughts of Stanhope as a company leader dramatically increases the suspense before the main character is eventually introduced to the audience. The Osbourne, Raleigh dialogue portrays further information on the character of Stanhope. It is established that at school Stanhope was a severe disciplinarian, being particularly hard on younger boys who smoked cigarettes and drunk whisky. The introduction of Stanhope and the officer's first meal together serves to establish various details in the stage direction about Stanhope's physical appearance and a number of contrasts are suggested: he is strong and broad shouldered but 'no more than a boy'; He is good looking but 'dark shadows can be licensed under his eyes'.

    • Word count: 1239
  19. Journey's End" is set in a British officers trench located in Quentin (France)

    Fearing Raleigh will be disgusted with what he has become, and write back to his sister (Whom Stanhope is in love with), Stanhope begins to hate and loathe Raleigh, with apparently no reason. Screaming at Raleigh and trying to censor his letters becomes the norm in the dugout. With an offensive from the "Boche" expected, British forces attempt to fend of the German troops off. During the attack, Raleigh is hit in the back with shrapnel. Here we see a much more gentle Stanhope, almost weeping as he lovingly cares for the dieing Raleigh.

    • Word count: 1816
  20. What were Sheriff's aims in writing 'Journey's End' and how successful was he in achieving those aims?

    This is an anti war story and it is trying to convey peace to the audience. As well as entertaining us, he provides a moral message of peace. There is also a personal touch to the play, as this is reality as seen by him. He manages to provide a social and moral message. In order to achieve these aims he uses literary and dramatic features. Journey's End is set in 1918 when the German army was preparing a massive attack against the allies once again.

    • Word count: 1626
  21. What were Sheriff's aims in writing 'Journey's End' and how successful was he in achieving those aims?

    All the characters have the 'war fever', they don't like living this way for too long, they are all frightened and would prefer being home with their families. We can see the fear clearly in the character of Hibbert when he says to Stanhope "Go on, then, shoot! You won't let me go to hospital. I swear I'll never go in those trenches again. Shoot! - and thank God -" One of Sheriff's main aims was to entertain the audience.

    • Word count: 1013
  22. The Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Night-Time

    He writes clues in a book which he carelessly leaves for his father to find. His father asks him to stop with his silly investigation and removes the book from Christopher's possession. While Christopher is looking around his fathers bedroom for the confiscated book, he discovers several hidden letters in a shirt box in his fathers wardrobe, after reading just a few he starts to wonder about the mysterious way in which his father prevented him from visiting his mother in hospital.

    • Word count: 1211
  23. R.C Sheriff, 'Journey's End'

    "Towards dawn, the candles are no longer burning." Mason is framed in the doorway against the very lights. "There comes the rasp of a striking match-a tiny flame- and a candle gleams." Mason the wakes Stanhope up. This depicting the way he is breaking the tension from the previous night's argument and how he is lightening the mood, be it with a hot cup of tea or with his tactful handling of Hibbert later on. In "Journey's End" the lighting is very important because it outlines what kind of mood different parts of the scene are.

    • Word count: 1794
  24. The Birthday Nightmare

    She whispered, "I want to go home, I want to go home." Having that, Sarah took the girl into their van and carried on travelling. The trio were asking the distraught girl what happened. She muttered under her breath "he's killed them all." Then she pulled a black gun from under her blouse and put it into her mouth. The whole group shouted "NNNOOO" and then all of a sudden, it all went silent. The girl had pulled the trigger.

    • Word count: 1276
  25. How does 'Regeneration' and 'Journey's End' explore the horrors of war?

    Journey's End is a story told from the front line by the soldiers. The irony of Journey's End is the way it is set at the front line but we are faced with the mundane and passive elements of battle. The soldiers in Journey's End talk about every topic but the war. Whereas in Regeneration soldiers are encouraged to work through their horrors via therapeutic conversation with River's. One horror men are faced with which is mostly apparent in R but also in Journey's End: how men fear their masculinity being challenged or even being emasculated.

    • Word count: 1046

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Journey's End - Compare and contrast Osborne, Stanhope and Raleigh as people and as soldiers.

    "After considering all three characters I feel that Osborne's calmness and wisdom strongly compliments Raleigh's enthusiasm and energy. Stanhope appears to balance the situation with his bold character. He organises Osborne, Raleigh and the other officers to the best of his ability but as a result he needs Osborne to support him through difficult circumstances. Raleigh respects and looks up to Stanhope and Osborne and learns how to deal with war through them. I found that the three characters work well together in the play and they keep the audience interested and involved at all times. Zara Lightowler 3 4"

  • To what extent do you believe that R.C Sherriff successfully presents the experience of the life in the trenches and of how class attitudes persisted through it?

    "In conclusion it is my belief that R.C. Sheriff did a good job in portraying the horrors of the war which he and I his comrades suffered. He also showed the class attitudes throughout the play. He did this in many ways including the way in which he used the character Hibbert to show the way effect of the war on humans. All of them being extremely effective. Joshua brown 4c"

  • Explore Raleigh and Stanhopes relationship and compare their characters

    "In conclusion, Stanhope’s character clashed with Raleigh’s character causing conflicts in their relationship. Their conflicts were all mostly started by Stanhope as he was worried that Raleigh would tell everyone at home of his state since he was a drunk and changed a lot from when Raleigh had last seen him. A softer side of their is only seen at the end of the book but it does suggest that they had that side to their relationship regardless of their characters clashing with Stanhope’s paranoia and Raleigh endless hero-worshipping g of Stanhope. Usna Hakimi"

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