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GCSE: RC Sheriff

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  1. How does Sherrif explore and develop different attitudes to war?

    look another man in the eye all his life if he left his fellow soldiers, Osborne, Trotter and Raleigh to fight out there alone. He carry's on to say that Hibbert may get wounded but can at least go home to his children and wife proud of himself and if he is killed he won't have to stand this hell anymore. Hibbert replies with "I'll - I'll try". Stanhope gets a lot of respect for Hibbert for being a man and fighting.

    • Word count: 1280
  2. Review: A Journey's End

    The play was performed on a proscenium-arch theatre. A proscenium-arch theatre gives one an intended fourth wall effect which lifts the side of the trench and positions the audience inside, as a sort of emotional barometer to the events happening inside. The trench is the only set used in all scenes to depict the lives of each officer behind the war. Lighting provides a key function to a play: mood. The director lit the trenches very dimly. This decision bears fruit as the audience has to focus more exactly on the stage and so is drawn in emotionally to a much greater degree.

    • Word count: 1541
  3. Journey's End by R.C. Sheriff - review

    He's commanded this company for a year......... Other men come over here and go home again ill... Act 1 Scene 1 P.6) Stanhope has a reputation for drinking. I think he is using alcohol to forget the changes. Everytime he meets Raleigh or when Raleigh calls him 'Dennis', Stanhope treats him really badly because he will remember his past and changes on himself (.........Did I ask him to force his way into my company?...Very well, he'll pay for his damn cheek Act 1 Scene 2 P.30).

    • Word count: 1198
  4. Comment on the following extract, the opening of In a free state, a novel by V.S. Naipul (born 1932). In your response you should include a consideration of the writers use of language and his attitude towards the characters and the situation depicted.

    He takes an insight into understanding his fellow passengers, especially the tramp. Using these techniques, V.S. Naipaul has produced an influential and forlorn text. The text is written from the view of the first person, allowing the reader to feel more involved with the text - "as soon as I saw the dingy little Greek Steamer I felt I ought to have made other arrangements". We see the whole journey from his point of view, thus our views of the situation and characters are based solely on his opinion.

    • Word count: 1022
  5. Is the pursuit of knowledge worthwhile?

    Meaning is the properties and concepts associated with experience which are ultimately established by use. To do all this thinking one needs a conscious mind. Consciousness is the awareness of self and ones environment. A mind is any volitional conscious faculty used for perception and cognition. Minds and ideas consist ultimately of matter or something that has mass and occupies space. If this is what knowledge is how do I get it? I believe that I receive my knowledge from authorities such as my teachers and parents.

    • Word count: 1425
  6. Gilgamesh's True Identity

    Gilgamesh does not know who he meant to be at the start of his life. Was he created to be a mortal or to earn his right to be a god? He, frustrated to be in the middle of god and mortal with the world and death as his entrapment, begins his quest for immortality. Gilgamesh believes that if he finds immortality he will become more god-like and discover his purpose. Gilgamesh realizes that he was created greater than all mortals, but that if he cannot escape death then he ends up as a mortal in the end.

    • Word count: 1579
  7. Consider How Sherriff uses structure & language in the play

    The lower class soldiers use slang where as the upper class soldiers use proper, posh English. An example of the lower class slang is said by Trotter: "Look 'ere skipper, it's nearly eight now, couldn' we make 'alf-past?" As Stanhope doesn't talk like this it emphasizes his status e.g. he is more important than trotter because he is a higher class to trotter. Sheriff uses the way in which people speak to show their class, people with low class usually have a low status. Stanhope's entry to the play is delayed. The audience hear about him but don't meet him.

    • Word count: 1237
  8. July 2, 1942 - Diary enteries for a soldier fighting against the Japanese.

    It's so boring here, nothing to do but marching and lookout. Can't see anything at the moment, it's too dark. Half our platoon are under 30 years. No one here was eager to hear that they were being dragged off to New Guinea to fight against the Japs. It's been a while since the last letter Janine sent me and I'm waiting for the next. The tracks here are sooo steep and walking is a grudge, my legs are aching and heavy, it's bad enough that we have to carry our supplies along as well.

    • Word count: 1433
  9. Journey’s End - film review.

    I think that Raleigh's attitude to war and his expectations of what Standhope will be like is na�ve. This can be interpreted because Raleigh is always talking about how he and Standhope were such "terrific pals"; he hasn't thought that Standhope might have changed. When Standhope enters the play he is extremely shocked to see that his new replacement officer is Raleigh. He resents Raleigh at this point because he's afraid that Raleigh would write home and explain to his sister that Standhope was a drunk.

    • Word count: 1028
  10. How does R. C. Sheriff convey his feelings about war in his play 'Journey's End'?

    Alcohol helps him forget the present and without it, he says he will "go mad with fright". Whisky is Stanhope's way of dealing with war. Despite his commanding presence and authoritative manner, one gets the impression that Stanhope is a mere schoolboy subjected to war. Raleigh is clearly the novice. He is fresh from school, enthusiastic and eager. Raleigh is almost Stanhope's opposite, a sharp contrast. He reminds Stanhope of how he used to be three years ago. After meeting with Raleigh again, Stanhope's past is unearthed and Stanhope realizes how much he has changed. Despite his youthful keenness to be amongst the army, Raleigh soon adopts a mature weariness.

    • Word count: 1448
  11. What does Godot symbolise in this play.

    As the act II page 94: Estragon: Didi Vladimir: Yes. Estragon: I can't go on like this. Vladimir: that's what you think. Estragon: if we pasted? What might be better for us. Vladimir: we'll hang ourselves tomorrow. (Pause.) Unless Godot comes. Estragon: and if he comes? Vladimir: we'll be saved. So from Estragon and Vladimir's dialog, it is clearly proven on their hope that Godot will come. They believe that when he comes, they will be saved. Secondly, Godot is symbolizes death, according to the article "Role of Godot" by Svetlana Pershinova, she states that Estragon and Vladimir are homeless, old and weary, and they are in the right mind that they are better off being dead.

    • Word count: 1477
  12. "The Loneliest Road in America," a chapter from Ghost Rider by Neil Peart exposes both strengths and weaknesses in his abilities as a writer.

    'Oh yes,' I thought, 'that's me alright. I am the ghost rider'" (Peart 104). The above passage flows with an off the cuff and candid rhythm, and this adds a genuine sentiment to Peart's words. The idea of Peart feeling as if he is living as a "ghost" captures how the grief that he is experiencing has transformed him. Furthermore, he recounts meeting a German solider from World War II: "Casually, he told of abandoning the Zundapp in Kiev for lack of fuel, then walking 800 miles home, with nothing but a bottle of vodka and a piece of frozen bed, marching day after day, even in his sleep.

    • Word count: 1560
  13. In Journeys End R C Sherriff skilfully orchestrates a complex pattern of tensions. Trace the development of these at key moments showing how they are dramatically effective.

    Osborne, 'Uncle' to the company members was second in command, just as capable and a lot older than Stanhope. Although he does not like to admit the fact that he is just as capable, it is out of pure loyalty to Stanhope and the amount of lovingness that he holds for Stanhope as we see, when he defends Stanhope in a discussion, "He is called a drunkard, just because he has stuck it out until his nerves have been battered to bits." The new member of the company is Stanhope's fianc�e's little brother and an old school 'chum' of Stanhope's.

    • Word count: 1963
  14. Critical Evaluation - "The Journey of the Magi" - T. S. Eliot.

    His writing between 1917 and 1943 reflects his development as a Christian writer. In the first stanza, the first five lines are a quote from Lancelot Andrewes' sermons of the Nativity. These lines are: "A cold coming we had of it, Just the worst time of year, For a journey, and such a long journey, The ways deep and the weather sharp, The very dead of winter." Eliot sets the scene in his memory in both the above lines and in the next two lines: "And the camels galled, sore-footed, refractory, Lying down in the melting snow."

    • Word count: 1124
  15. Explore the theme of

    He is dismissive of the limitations of maps which he seems to feel don't fully capture the essence of these liveotin lands and he issues a very clear warning about the wisdom of exploring unchartered, remotely and as he suggests, uninviting, alien territory. The poem was written in the context of the twentieth century, an era of a phenomenally hepatic pace of life and of change. It was a time of turmoil, a time of great innovation, invention and industrialisation, all of which impacted on every avenue of life, but also on the countryside.

    • Word count: 1526
  16. How do the 3 Composers Faulcher, Leunig and Dawe use the idea of 'the Journey' to comment on the unexceptional nature of life's journey?

    By having the cars cluttered, it creates the feeling of indistinctiveness and how common life's journey is. In referring to the abacus, the image of one bead stuck behind the other, without being able to move in front, behind or next to the beads around it. This also conveys the idea of a set path that one is stuck on and cannot diverge from. Overall, this metaphor is implying that life is stagnant and very, very ordinary, and one has no control over the direction it takes as everyone is travelling in the same direction.

    • Word count: 1003
  17. Which of the dramatic technique used by R.C Sheriff in Journey's End do you think are most effective in getting across his message that war is futile?

    We're reminded of the tedious nature of war as much of the time, nothing happens. Hardy has left and Mason, the cook, describes the cutlets, They: "....Smells like liver, sir, but it 'asn't got the smooth, wet look that liver's got..." This again points out that the men use humour to get rid of their fear of war. Soon their tension builds up. A new officer has joined Stanhope's company. The officer already knows Stanhope as they went to the same school and they were good friends.

    • Word count: 1761
  18. Critical Evaluation of a Novel - Journey's End by R.C. Sherriff.

    Raleigh seems extremely excited and pleased that he has got into Stanhope's regiment. We can also tell that Raleigh looks up to Stanhope a great deal. From the beginning of the play we can tell that Stanhope isn't as enthusiastic as Raleigh is on his arrival. This is understandable because Stanhope has been I the trenches for the longest and he works so severely hard. When both companions meet, we expect Stanhope to be pleased and content that Raleigh is in his company whereas his reaction is the complete opposite.

    • Word count: 1492
  19. Choose 3 different characters from “Journey’s End” and discuss how each of them reacts to the strain of war.

    This shows that Stanhope is committed to his work, and would never go away from his duty. Osborne also says that 'I've seen him on his back all day with trench fever, then on duty at night.' Again proving the fact he is a hard worker and devoted to his command. Stanhope also liked to keep order in the trenches. Like when Hardy says 'No, I don't specially want to see him. He's so fussy about the trenches.' Which indicates that he would complain about the mess and give Hardy a speech on how to look after the trenches.

    • Word count: 1420
  20. Journey's End Character Study - The character is have chosen to study is Osborne.

    He gets on extremely well with Stanhope as shown here but Osborne also gets on well with the other men and this is made evident by the fact the other officers call him "Uncle" which is very informal and shows that he is seen as the older more experienced one of the company who people can look up to and respect. Osborne also has a very good sense of humour and this is shown throughout the play with phrases such as "I'd rather have the microbes, wouldn't you?"

    • Word count: 1819
  21. Discuss the Notion That Travel Writing Is a Fictionalised Accountof a Journey of (Self?) Discovery.

    Even political extremist Che Guevara wrote a travel book entitled The Motorcycle Dairies: A Journey Around South America The bulk of travel writers that I have read seem to be using their experiences in life to describe their feelings when travelling. You could say that travel writing is perhaps one of the major users of the signifiers and the signified, which are more commonly seen in poetry. We have to ask ourselves what travel writing actually is; I feel that it could be best described as the use of the writer's personal experiences, other anecdotes and quotations that add life to the piece.

    • Word count: 1617
  22. What happens in Act 2 when Raleigh enters the dug-out with a letter for home and meets Osborne and Stanhope, all the way to the end of the scene when Osborne offers to 'stick (the letter flap) down'.

    Stanhope gives me the impression of quiet threat. It also shows that he is sensitive and he is insensitive to the feelings of others. Raleigh is surprised, stammers that he has not revealed military secrets or confidential stuff. Stanhope states that 'letters must be read'. To that, Raleigh 'nervously' replies that he had not realised that, and decides that he will keep it, and not send it. Here, Stanhope is featured as one who is quietly authoritative and insistent. He is rather cold at this point in time.

    • Word count: 1268
  23. 'Jouney's End' by R.C Sherriff

    Characters Stanhope is the commanding officer and has been at the front line for three years. He is regarded as one of the best Captains in the Army, but is physically and mentally exhausted. OSBORNE ...."he's commanded this company for a year - in and out of the front line. He's never had a rest." Osborne is a chatty ex-school master and is regarded by everyone as uncle. He respects Stanhope and is very loyal to him. OSBORNE ...."Don't be an ass.

    • Word count: 1377
  24. Background To The Series Of Friday The 13th

    Friday The 13th Part 6 Jason Lives This film was made in1986 and is the longest of the Friday the 13th series. By now the Friday the 13th series had stormed across America and was hitting the United Kingdom by storm. The producer of this film was Don Behrns and Tom McLoughlin who again written and directed the film. The main character in this film is Thom Matthew's (Tommy), Tommy has been around for the last two sequels, and just as he thought Jason was dead he is now back from the grave and Tommy has to deal with him one more time.

    • Word count: 1703
  25. Journey's End - In this essay I will be looking at the character Stanhope and how I think he should be played in 3 key scenes. When he try's to get the letter off Raleigh.

    line takes him by surprise this is were we the first real change in how Stanhope is for scene he loose his hard edge as a strong out going man and is lost for words when he is standing face to face with him. I think the actor at this point should play the part softer and give a clear expression on his face of surprise and shock. To put over the fact that he is lost for words I think there should be noticeable pauses before each line is spoken.

    • Word count: 1619

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