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GCSE: RC Sheriff
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Xury - The kid that he took with him escaping from Sallee River, he is hardworking it is shown when Crusoe save him he seemed to give a lot of help. Friday - was the servant whom the captain gave him to help him in his work, he is also hardworking. Laddie - his pet that he found at the ship after the storm, he was also brave, Summary: The novel of Robinson Crusoe was written by Daniel Defoe (1660 - 1731).
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His writing between 1917 and 1943 reflects his development as a Christian writer. In the first stanza, the first five lines are a quote from Lancelot Andrewes' sermons of the Nativity. These lines are: "A cold coming we had of it, Just the worst time of year, For a journey, and such a long journey, The ways deep and the weather sharp, The very dead of winter." Eliot sets the scene in his memory in both the above lines and in the next two lines: "And the camels galled, sore-footed, refractory, Lying down in the melting snow."
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How does Text 2 'The Ivory Trail' relate to the idea of journeys. In your answer deconstruct the visual and written texts involved.
The author's name and the title "The Ivory Trail" are in the middle ground, off centre and at diagonals to each other. These two texts immediately attract the viewer's eye, because they are bold and large. The fact that the title of novel comes second to, or underneath the author's name suggests perhaps the author's narcissism, feeling he is better than the book. Or the idea that the subjects metaphorical journey to better understanding results from and is more important than the physical journey that the protagonist takes.
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Post 1914 Drama Coursework assignment: you are directing a production of 'Journey's End' choose two key scenes/episodes in which you can explore how Sheriff creates and relieves dramatic tension.
Raleigh writes a letter, which is to be sent to his family. Stanhope is engaged to Raleigh's sister and is worried that Raleigh will write awful things about him and so claims he has to censor all letters. Raleigh doesn't want him to and he disagrees. This is when tension is being created between the two characters conversation starts off quietly and calm. Raleigh says "where do we put the letters to be collected," Stanhope replies "oh just on the table" so at this point you don't realise tension is being created between the two and there is no eye contact so the atmosphere seems calm and casual.
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Our journey was fine and then after travelling quite a distance we stopped off at Madeira. When we boarded our ship again everyone realised we were about to face our most difficult part of the journey and it was going to be a rough ride. Until the fourth day the weather had been lovely and couldn't be any better but that afternoon a huge black cloud could be easily seen on the horizon heading towards the ship. It all happened so quickly but also seemed like a lifetime. One minute it was fine and the next the whole ship had been upturned.
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The youngsters of today too are becoming more and more desensitised by watching violent films and TV programmes and seeing emotive images of starving children and eventually they become deadened to such things and they have no effect. This leads to children of today becoming complacent and less sympathetic. By watching the perseverance and tragedy of the men in "Journey's End", it will show them the hardships of those who fought for us and they will become more compassionate. The perceptions of war that children today have, are about lots of fighting and the glory of winning against Germany.
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This shows us that he can not live without alcohol. It plays a major role in his lifestyle. Stanhope was an eighteen-year-old who 'commanded this company for a year.' Now, he has been on the front line for 'nearly three years,' which tells us that he is a man of twenty-one. This is also tells us that he is very experienced as he is 'the best company commander.' He is popular and an astute man who is willing to maintain his popularity to the rest of the officers. Stanhope is a determined man who keeps his high expectations.
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He is dismissive of the limitations of maps which he seems to feel don't fully capture the essence of these liveotin lands and he issues a very clear warning about the wisdom of exploring unchartered, remotely and as he suggests, uninviting, alien territory. The poem was written in the context of the twentieth century, an era of a phenomenally hepatic pace of life and of change. It was a time of turmoil, a time of great innovation, invention and industrialisation, all of which impacted on every avenue of life, but also on the countryside.
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My name is Goerge Hwang, after being told to leave my old job, I found a new one but things just didn't seem as easy as I had thought it would. I just didn't seem to fit in, and after almost a whole year of working there; one would imagine that i'd have started to make friends and get used to the place. Not me, after working all this time, I would do almost anything to go back, to get out of this place. Why? Let me tell you my whole journey from rising to the top to my collapse.
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How do the 3 Composers Faulcher, Leunig and Dawe use the idea of 'the Journey' to comment on the unexceptional nature of life's journey?
By having the cars cluttered, it creates the feeling of indistinctiveness and how common life's journey is. In referring to the abacus, the image of one bead stuck behind the other, without being able to move in front, behind or next to the beads around it. This also conveys the idea of a set path that one is stuck on and cannot diverge from. Overall, this metaphor is implying that life is stagnant and very, very ordinary, and one has no control over the direction it takes as everyone is travelling in the same direction.
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Which of the dramatic technique used by R.C Sheriff in Journey's End do you think are most effective in getting across his message that war is futile?
We're reminded of the tedious nature of war as much of the time, nothing happens. Hardy has left and Mason, the cook, describes the cutlets, They: "....Smells like liver, sir, but it 'asn't got the smooth, wet look that liver's got..." This again points out that the men use humour to get rid of their fear of war. Soon their tension builds up. A new officer has joined Stanhope's company. The officer already knows Stanhope as they went to the same school and they were good friends.
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Raleigh seems extremely excited and pleased that he has got into Stanhope's regiment. We can also tell that Raleigh looks up to Stanhope a great deal. From the beginning of the play we can tell that Stanhope isn't as enthusiastic as Raleigh is on his arrival. This is understandable because Stanhope has been I the trenches for the longest and he works so severely hard. When both companions meet, we expect Stanhope to be pleased and content that Raleigh is in his company whereas his reaction is the complete opposite.
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Santiago tells him .he is on a trip to the Pyramids. The man tells Santiago he can get him there by the morning. All Santiago has to do he has to do is give the man his money to buy supplies for the trip. Santiago trusts this man and gives him his money. Within five minutes Santiago loses sight of the man and never sees him again. Santiago does not know what to think. He has been on this journey for a day and had already been robbed of all his money. He is in a new country and he does not speak the language.
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In Regeneration, Pat Barker deals very heavily with the psychological effects of the war and the ugly realities of conflict, as illustrated in the extract below: "Corpses, men with half their faces shot off, crawling along the floor" This quote is characteristic of the graphic descriptiveness of the novel, something of which there is little trace in R.C Sherrif's Journey's End. The way in which the war is presented in Journey's End is very surrealistic. There is little evidence of the horror of war in the text, rather, the reader feels light-hearted when they learn of Stanhope's intoxicated ramblings and Mason's 'diverse' cookery.
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I also think that the first act is very effective at setting the tone of the play. It successfully introduces us to all of the characters in succession and tells us a small part about their personal lives, their attire and their body language, personality and many other aspects that help us to get to know them. The audience's expectations of this play are wrong as they may think that this play focuses on fighting in the war, but instead it focuses on the mental/physical effects on a small group of soldiers, who are in turn symbolic of every soldier in WW1.
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Route 1: Bank to Leicester Square The route is 2.1 miles length. 1) 0800 on Tuesday 18 November 2003 Means of Transport Departures Arrivals Journey Time Interchanges Interchanges Station Price Transfer Time Underground 07:58 08:10 12 min 1 Holborn �1.60 3 min Underground 08:00 08:11 11 min 1 Tottenham �1.60 3 min Cycling 08:00 08:18 17 min - - - - Rail 07:58 08:28 30 min - not available - Bus + Underground 08:00 08:34 34 min 1 Westminster Abbey �1 2 min Cycling + Bus + Walking 07:58 08:31 33 min 1 Waterloo �1 7 min 0800 was one of the rush hour in Public Transport because people go to work.
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It's amazing to think that the Germans are only about 60 yards from our position, that about the breadth of a rugger field! I came in to our position by trench and what a strange trench it was, it began in a ruined village, then we went down into a cellar of a house and right under the house, passed this huge ruined factory, and into a vast plain along which the trench went along turning and twisting. Even from this great distance I could see the Very lights.
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But none of the above are why I hate trams, I hate them because the journey from East Croydon station to Wimbledon is so unpredictable. I had reached song 7 and my timing was only out by 1 minute and 20 seconds, until disaster struck. At first I thought that it was a joke or she had made a mistake but the lady at the front who shouted "THE ******* IDIOT HAS JUMPED ON THE TRACK!!" was telling the truth.
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The last bottle! Why, damn it, we brought six!" He is able to admit to his drinking problems and why it is that he drinks so much: "if I went up those steps into the front line- without being doped with whisky- I'd go mad with fright" His drinking is no secret, all the men are aware of it and accept it, some of them even joke about it as well. "How is the dear young boy? Drinking like a fish, as usual?"
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Choose 3 different characters from “Journey’s End” and discuss how each of them reacts to the strain of war.
This shows that Stanhope is committed to his work, and would never go away from his duty. Osborne also says that 'I've seen him on his back all day with trench fever, then on duty at night.' Again proving the fact he is a hard worker and devoted to his command. Stanhope also liked to keep order in the trenches. Like when Hardy says 'No, I don't specially want to see him. He's so fussy about the trenches.' Which indicates that he would complain about the mess and give Hardy a speech on how to look after the trenches.
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As my cousins were getting bored with their arguments, I decided to hand over my Gameboy to them. Then the argument began again. "It's my turn on the Gameboy". "No it's mine". I shouted, " Just give it to me!!!" As we were in the motorway to Manchester, I decided to ask, "Where are we now on the map?" "I don't know look for yourself". This was the reply I received. As I was anxious to know where we were I looked in the atlas. I decided to read a book called 'Indian in the cupboard' because I was bored.
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Journey's end - Focusing on the exchange between Stanhope and Hibbert in act two, consider how R.C Sheriff presents the comradeship felt by the men fighting in the 1st World War.
This came about after in 1919, everyone was speaking of having won the 'war to end all wars'. One the most famous war films of all time was also released in this period - Erich Maria Remarque's 'All quiet on the western front' written in 1929. Famous wartime novelist Stigfried Sassoon also wrote a superb retake of being an officer at war name 'Memoirs of an infantry officer'. Journey's end was also written in this period, around 1928-9. In the trenches, the soldiers had to spend all the hours of the day living in treacherous conditions, life threatening filth and grime.
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Journey's End - We are given two opinions of Stanhope in act one. In your opinion, whose view is proved correct by the end of the play?
"No I shot the rat you ass" ' For most of the scene they talk about another Captain- Stanhope. Both Hardy and Osborne know that Stanhope drinks a lot, but they both have different views on it. Hardy constantly emphasises the point, and keeps bringing up examples of when and why he drinks, while Osborne tries to defend Stanhope instead: ' "How is the dear young boy? Drinking like a fish as usual?" ' ' "He's a long way the best company commander we've got." ' Osborne even comes up with excuses for reasons as to why Stanhope drinks so much: ' "Other men come over here and go home again ill, and young Stanhope
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Explain how much of the emotion in the play comes from the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope, both of whom have the sympathy of the audience. What makes the barrier between them so poignant and how is it removed at the end?
"Besides, they are rusty, in any case' Also when Hardy says there are '34 gum boots' Osbourne replies (Osbourne) "That's seventeen pairs -" (Hardy) "Oh, no; 25 right leg and 9 left leg" Captain Hardy makes remarks about Stanhope doubting his ability as a commander of the company due to his excessive drink problem. (Hardy) "How is the dear young boy? Drinking like a fish, as usual?" (Osbourne) "Why do you say that?" (Hardy) "Well, damn it, it's just the natural thing to ask about Stanhope. Poor old man. It must be pretty rotten for you, being his second in command, and you such a quiet, sober old thing."
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The conditions are conveyed in great detail and they are introduced at the very beginning of the play with Hardy trying to dry his sock out over a candle in a dugout. Sometimes the men could not get dry for days and the condition known as trench foot took its name from an infection of the feet resulting from being constantly wet. Lice affected the soldiers very badly in the trenches. The soldiers were on duty at the front for six days and then got time off to rest and be de-loused.
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