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GCSE: Julius Caesar
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- Marked by Teachers essays 6
Call it my fear." (2.2.50). Caesar agrees to this arrangement temporarily with a veiled acknowledgment of the reality- a rhetorical question relating to the fact that he is "afeard to tell the graybeards the truth" (2.2.67). Caesar then immediately displays his weak resolution when Decius easily persuades him to reverse his earlier decision, and he proceeds to greet the senators, demonstrating another hazardous trait associated with women, inconstancy. Portia similarly behaves in accession with the low expectation of women and demonstrates "how weak a thing/ The heart of woman is!"
- Word count: 1750
Compare Brutus and Antonys speeches in Act III Scene 2 of Julius Caesar. Analyse the dramatic effects created by Shakespeares use of language4 star(s)
Using a chiasm (repeating words in a different way) makes Brutus' words more emphatic. From line 22 onwards Brutus is explaining his reasons for killing Caesar. Brutus uses memorable sentences such as: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more." Here Brutus is stating that he did indeed care about Caesar. However, he was prepared to sacrifice Caesar's life for the benefit of Roman citizens. Brutus maintains a consistent pattern where he presents Caesar's action and then his own reaction: "As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him: but as he was ambitious, I slew him".
- Word count: 1218
An example of pathos2 is,'...I should do Brutus wrong and Cassius wrong (who you all know) are honourable men. I will not do them wrong; I rather choose, to wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, then to wrong such honourable men.' This quote in some ways appears at first glance to be pro-Brutus but the undertones are more malicious and if said in grief3, could evoke powerful emotional reactions from the audience which is one of Antony's main objectives, so to make the plebeians4 turn against the conspirators in their, and at the sight of Antony's grief.
- Word count: 1187
I believe this flaw to be the fact that he is too noble; this leads to naivety and allows him to be deceived by the other characters in the play to his downfall. He is na�ve of some of Cassius' true character even though he is his friend. He is also over trusting of Mark Antony which is clearly shown in act 3 scene 1 where he makes the mistake of allowing Antony to make a speech at Caesar's funeral, even though his fellow conspirators advise him otherwise: 'Brutus, a word with you.
- Word count: 1205
In trying to solve a problem, he had inadvertently created one and caused great unrest in Rome and the outer lying territories. So this raises the question, does Brutus deserve the title of "Noblest Roman of them all" or was he nothing more than a naive politician who replaced one corrupt system with another? Before the actual murder, Brutus was a great friend of his target and had not actually joined the conspiracy. He was in great favour with him but was starting to feel Caesar was going too far and getting too much power.
- Word count: 1312
He is also very careful and manipulative with his speech as he makes sure that he is able to go on with it long enough to sway the public's opinion towards him. Antony effectively uses repetition in his speech. Constantly he mentions Brutus to be an 'honourable man.' By repeating Brutus to be honourable, as the plebeians are convinced he is, Antony is able to make it sound worthless as it begins to sound tiresome and so causes the plebeians to question Brutus nobility.
- Word count: 809
This line said by Brutus just proves that he is not the kind of person inclined to make merry. There is also a sense of jealousy here at the very end when he mentions that Antony is. The reason Antony enjoys partying is because he is an Epicurean and he enjoys life and its luxuries. This is seen by the line 'See, Antony, that revels long a-nights' that Caesar says to Antony when Antony walks in late to Caesar's house before having to go to the Capitol with him.
- Word count: 975
- This statement means Brutus does not think it is necessary to kill Antony and he thinks that without Caesar, Antony is powerless. He also says, "If he love Caesar, all that he can do is to himself: take thought, and die for Caesar." (2.1.186-187) - This statement means Brutus thinks the only thing Mark Anthony will be able to do is to hurt himself and wouldn't have the courage to take revenge from the conspirators. This is where his bad decisions start and have some bad consequences.
- Word count: 851
To summarise on Brutus' speech, I will give a short pr�cis of his language. Brutus' language was clearly controlled, as he spoke very cleverly to entice the audience. He also as a stoic, didn't show his emotions, and didn't sound like he cared about Caesar. However this was not the case in reality, as Brutus was once good friends with Caesar, so needed lots of manipulation and forcing to make him join the conspirators. The main person that forced Brutus to join them was Cassius who used his cunning and deceit to win Brutus over.
- Word count: 1532
The audience will be affected by these characteristics of Caesar's character because they were very superstitious people. They would pick up on when he ignores superstition, like the soothsayer, and grow wary of his character because of this. They would be more comfortable with his character later in the play after Shakespeare deliberately conveys this character personality alteration. When Julius Caesar is murdered, the all of the conspirators stand around Caesar and all stab him together on the cue: "Speak hands for me."
- Word count: 1881
With close reference to the text explain how Mark Antony manipulates the crowd after the death of Caesar
The Elizabethan audience would throw orange peels and the like at the actors if the actors were acting a part of the play that they did not like, mostly the Elizabethan audience would react in this way when the part of the play would go against their belief for instance the killing of Julius Caesar. Even though the play is named after him, Julius Caesar is by no means the main character because most of the play is based on events after his death.
- Word count: 3458
Julius Caesar - How does Shakespeare use the events, themes and language present in act 3 scene 2 to make Mark Antony(TM)s speech so effective?
The crowd are then surprised at Brutus' technique as he says that he loved Caesar more than anyone else; "Brutus' love to Caesar was no less than his". This builds up suspension as the crowd are waiting to hear a reason for his thinking. Brutus then explains that he did it for the benefit of Rome, "not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more" the crowd's reaction is swayed as Brutus puts up a good explanation for the assassination, this shows that Brutus believed Caesar would destroy and neglect Rome and he thought he did what was best for the empire.
- Word count: 1591
Brutus Because of his integrity ("I love - the name of honour more than I fear death") and noble reputation as "the soul of Rome" who "sits high in all the people's hearts", Brutus's support is essential to the conspirators in order not to be accused of self-interest in killing Caesar. Previously a supporter of Pompey, he was pardoned and became a close friend of Caesar ("Caesar's angel" according to Antony), however he now sees Caesar as a threat to his Republican idealism.
- Word count: 875
Shakespeare uses prose for some actors and verses for others, this helps us understand the play. Act three scene two has an important role in the play. As this scene is just after the assassination of Julius Caesar so all the Roman citizens and audience are listening to both sides, Brutus and Cassius or Antony to decide if Caesar's murder was right, and how Antony's use of language persuades us to his point of view. First Brutus goes to the pulpit and starts off by persuading us that we are his friends as Shakespeare writes "Then follow me and give me audience, friends.
- Word count: 1117
Many people say the first true political state was the Republic of Rome before it was malformed to the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar is set just before this transformation; the conspirators led by Brutus set out but fail to stop this. In my opinion they also assist it, by killing Caesar they demonstrate to the public the infectivity and corruption of politics. Thus paving the way for an Emperor who comes in the form of Julius Caesar's adopted son Octavius.
- Word count: 2346
As he was fortunate, I rejoice at it. As he was valiant, I honour him. But as he was ambitious, I slew him". Brutus in this part of his speech is manipulating the plebeians by using positive and negatives to get the main point across, does this by starting with something positive and giving a negative right after dramatically changing the mood. Shakespeare does this again more effectively in the same lines, by praising all the things that Caesar had done and his reactions to them, but he eventually ends with what costs Caesar his life, and uses it as a comparison to the good things.(3.2.23-25).
- Word count: 1082
At the time, people believed in divine order, which meant rulers were God given; their power was divine. Rulers were therefore God's rulers on Earth, removable only by God and not by men. This led to a strong following and respect for the ruler due to their special bond with God. Therefore, any play drawing on the lives of rulers would greatly affect audiences, especially as they were very religious. In the play, we can see three different groups of the 'audience.' Firstly, the plebeians were those that saw firsthand Julius C�sar. This group is within the play, they are the ones that react to Brutus first positively and then turn on him because of his words and actions.
- Word count: 1564
Discuss Shakespeare's presentation of the speeches of Brutus and Antony in Act 3 Scene 2 in Julius Caesar
Shakespeare borrows Plutarch's reference of Caesar's dislike of thin men, "Let me have men about me that are fat," this becoming the line in Act 1 Scene 2. Although Shakespeare is inspired by Plutarch's book, some differences between the actual history and the play are apparent, this helps the audience to understand the characters as Shakespeare intends them to be understood. For example, on the journey to the Senate House in Act 3 Scene 1, Artemidorus approaches Caesar with a letter, urging him to read it since it "touches Caesar nearer".
- Word count: 3957
During the course of the play, characters die in different ways for different reasons. Show how Shakespeare makes any four of the deaths interesting.
Caesar's death is sensational because he dies at the hands of men he called his "friends". Several armed conspirators were needed to kill Caesar a single unarmed man. His dying words "Et tu, Brute?" are very poignant (deeply moving). Even though the readers know Caesar's death is inevitable, due to the various warnings and omens, until the last moment, there is a thrilling suspense in which the reader wonders whether he will live or die. We feel sorry for him because he gives up only when he sees the ultimate betrayal of his friend Brutus.
- Word count: 1057
"wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he home? What tribune follow him to Rome?" these rhetorical questions are used scornfully by Marullus and Flavius to try and discredit Caesar, the effect of this language is out of lack of sympathy. They are saying that he hasn't brought back anything good for the empire and that he has just thrown everything out of proportion, this is said with not feeling. Marullus and Flavius attempt to disobey Caesar, they are caught burning and vandalizing his banners and trophies "Marullus and Flavius, for pulling scarf's of Caesars images and put to silence" this could be Shakespeare
- Word count: 1105
It is not clear whether the uneven nature of these dramas is due to an imperfect understanding of Elizabethan humour and society or a deliberate attempt by him to blend styles and confound expectations. Shakespeare wrote tragedy plays from the beginning of his career. One of his earliest plays was the Roman tragedy Titus Andronicus, which he followed a few years later with Romeo and Juliet. However, his most admired tragedies were written in a seven-year period between 1601 and 1608.
- Word count: 4197
We know that Anthony has been successful in conquering the crowd due to the fact that they are all shouting appraisal of Caesar just as they were when he was victorious over the great Pompey and they are already seeking to revenge him. Else where in the text (in the beginning), there is evidence of the Plebeians changing their allegiance when in Act One Scene One, Murellus says to a companion, " Why have you changed so suddenly into Caesars favour, when once you were climbing to the top of the house just to catch a glimpse of Pompey".
- Word count: 1530
Not too careful to stoop to deceit and duplicity, as Brutus claims to be, Antony proves himself an excellent politician, using gestures and skilled rhetoric to his advantage. In the play there end up being two people speaking at Caesar's funeral, Brutus and Mark Antony. It is weird in a way that Brutus speaks at the funeral seeing as he was the one that killed Caesar along with the conspirators but when he does it makes a massive impact on the crowd.
- Word count: 1377
As we can see, Brutus's main goal is to turn the Plebeians minds against Caesar. "Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman" - he tries to use devotion to Rome as an excuse for murdering Caesar, and tries to appeal to their sense of patriotism and nationalistic feelings. He did it to "save Rome", as he implies, and the crowd seem very convinced by this. They are fooled by Brutus's rhetoric and are quite susceptible to it. Antony enters with the corpse, and the crowd is at this point very much in favour of Brutus.
- Word count: 1897
This has a huge difference between Brutus and Anthony in winning over the crowd. We know that Anthony is more successful as in between his speech the plebeians talk and say , 'methinks there is much reason in his saying' this is after Brutus's speech and by then all the people agreed with Brutus but now that Anthony has spoken then they all start agreeing with him rather than Brutus. Brutus comes out with bloody hands after killing Caesar, but when Anthony comes out he comes out with Caesars body.
- Word count: 2044