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- Marked by Teachers essays 5
- Peer Reviewed essays 24
The fact that Iago is the only character to mention Othello's skin colour is also signs of one of his weakness- the fact that he is blinded by stereotypes. This character trait is explored further by Shakespeare in Iago's soliloquies. The play Othello is one of Shakespeare's tragedy's, ending in a dramatic, breathtaking climax. The proud, noble and trustworthy character of Othello promotes his young solder Cassio ahead of his more experienced ally Iago, setting off a chain of events which eventually ends with the demise of Othello, his young wife Desdemona and Iago himself.
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How does Shakespeare use language and stagecraft to show Othello's changing feelings towards Dedemona throughout Othello4 star(s)
They show the character's feelings, and how happy Othello and Desdemona are to see each other. Shakespeare has also repetitively used the word "my", which shows Othello and Desdemona's possessiveness of each other, and how they feel they belong to each other. Repetition is used throughout the scene, with the frequently used word "content" showing how happy Othello is with his life at the time. "Great is my content... content so absolute... enough of this content" He is showing how happy with his life and his love for Desdemona.
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He is often referred to in the play as 'honest Iago' and is very duplicitous. Iago is a Machiavellian villain and amoral as he is completely unaware of right and wrong. He is also an opportunist and takes advantage of people's weaknesses. There is a clear distinction between Othello and Iago. The audience are able to tell that Othello is the hero. The typical hero has to have a considerate amount of heroic qualities, such as being brave, noble and loyal, which Othello is. Iago on the other hand, who is the villain, has to be perceptive, manipulative, clever and selfish.
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Supposed deceit is what lead Othello to kill Desdemona, this is the main time we see deceit in the play. We also see it when Emilia decides to turn on Iago and confess to Othello. This then leads to Iago's plan being uncovered. Act 1 Scene 3 opens with the Duke and Senators sitting at a table. There is also lighting on stage, showing that it is night. This means that it is now dark and this creates tension. This is done by the night being mysterious and people unaware of anything in the dark; the darkness is commonly linked to crime and danger.
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It is claimed that Act 3 Scene 3 of Othello is the most important and dramatic scene of the play. Examine the reasons for this claim and explain to what extent you agree with it, by considering its significance in terms of plot, character, theme and Drama
army, and this made it more dramatic because he fell all the way from being the strong general to being a low-life killer, Othello was keeping Cyprus within their control with his lieutenant Michael Cassio, his "trusted" ensign Iago, his wife Desdemona and her housemaid, and wife to Iago, Emilia, and as the story progresses Othello gets tainted by Iago's lies and becomes jealous and eventually progressing to Othello's madness and the killing of himself, Desdemona and Emilia. In the beginning of the play, Othello was seen as a brave and noble man, an example of this is when Iago
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Possibly Iago was always a villain and confidence trickster who set up a false reputation for honesty. Alternatively Iago may e a man who used to have been honest in the past and has now decided to abandon this virtue, although this interpretation is less likely to be correct. One could argue that from the start it is clear that all the other characters believe Iago to be honest, creating an undercurrent of dramatic irony throughout the play. Othello's decision to leave his wife in Iago's care in Act 1 Scene 3, is alarming, however it shows how high a regard the General has for his ensign "If you please your grace/my ancient/a man he is of honesty and trust".
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Analyse the style and structure of Othello, Act 3 scene 3, showing what it contributes to the plays major concerns.
Also the philosophical context of the play emphasise the theme of racial prejudice as Iago's hate for the 'moor' resemble how people of colour were treated. In addition I believe Shakespeare included this aspect in the play to ask the question: who is the real monster? This is because Othello is not the most 'monstrous' person on stage but he is very vulnerable to words of jealousy which make him feeble. The scene begins in a calm yet aggravating mood as Cassio is uncertain Othello will reinstate him as lieutenant.
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Othello has to realize what he has done this reinforces the definition; I will explain a few points. Othello is without a doubt the flawed hero; Othello was the General of the Venetian army. By the end of the play, Othello goes from being the most important General to being a common murderer because of his ignorance. This exactly fits Aristotle's definition. The audience has to feel hate and resentment towards Iago. Iago reduced a distinguished man who was successful and in love to something inhuman.
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The Duke and the Senators receive contradictory reports. The destination of the ships approaching has also not been confirmed. A sailor then enters an says: "The Turkish preparation makes for Rhodes" However the Duke knows that the Turkish are trying to create a diversion in order to draw the attention away from Cyprus and says: "Nay, in all confidence he's not for Rhodes" He also notifies the senators that it is a trick the Turkish are trying to play so that their attack would be a surprise.
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The two men then focus on Roderigo's problem, his undivided love for Desdemona. Roderigo was in fact a former suitor for Desdemona yet his love for her was denied by Desdemona and her father. The devious Othello decides to jeopardise the secret marriage between Desdemona and Othello by persuading Roderigo to inform Desdemona's father, Senator Barbanito that Othello and Desdemona are sleeping together. The reason this is controversial is because Othello is a moor of Turkish origin and in society of this time it was very uncommon and quite a taboo to marry outside of your race.
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In Act III Scene III, what techniques and dramatic devices are used by Shakespeare to show Iago's successful manipulation of Othello? How does Shakespeare show the Moors gradual succumbing to the spell Iago is casting?
Dramatic irony runs through the entire play and is a main theme. The audience's reaction to this is frustrating as we know that Iago is not an 'honest' fellow. When Othello and Iago enter, Cassio leaves shamefully despite Desdemona's pleas for him to stay and speak to Othello. When Iago sees him leaving looking so ashamed he says to Othello "Ha! I like not that!" This line is short but devastatingly effective and important as it is the starting point for all that follows.
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While all the time Iago plays innocent but still indirectly suggesting that Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona. After finally persuading Othello to believe him, Shakespeare makes Othello kill Desdemona. Emilia then clues together that Iago was behind all the treachery, but it is too late as Othello has already killed Desdemona. Because of this Iago kills Emilia who is his wife and then flees. Iago is then caught. Meanwhile because Shakespeare has made Othello a very proud character Shakespeare has Othello kill himself rather than live with the shame that has been brought to him through hiss actions.
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Where Othello asks Iago "why he hath ensnared my soul and body?" I see him almost begging to be told by Iago why he has done these things. Alternatively he could not be directing his comment at Iago as he does refer to Iago as the "demi-devil." He could be saying this due to his absolute hate and disbelief of what he has done to him as the devil is normally referred to as the height of pure evil. Othello uses the devil as a metaphor for the bad the Iago has done to him and comparing Iago to the devil really show his hate and disbelief of his doing.
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Explore in detail how Iago has brought about the change in Othello's relationship with Desdemona in the first three acts of the play
He calls "you're robbed" claiming that Othello has kidnapped Desdemona when, in actual fact, they have eloped. At this point, we get the impression that Othello and Desdemona are in a young, innocent, romantic love, but Iago calling "an old black ram is tupping your white ewe" ruins this perfect image. Here, Shakespeare uses crude sexual images and refers both Othello and Desdemona as animals, which makes their love sound profane and physical. Iago provokes Brabantio by telling him these graphic stories of Othello and Desdemona.
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He may have become Othello's lieutenant as he, like Othello, is an outsider. When Iago says 'A fellow almost damned in a fair wife' he is showing that he is sexually jealous of Cassio as he is more sexually attractive than him and many women like him. This makes Iago feel more hate and jealousy for Cassio. When Iago is talking to Brabantio he says 'An old black ram is tupping your white ewe' this is showing that Iago is racially jealous of Othello.
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Even when referring to the obviously loving relationship that engulfs both Othello and Desdemona, Iago shows ignorant and disrespectful mannerisms, reducing their physical love to animal level- 'old black ram is tupping your white ewe' and showing that he obviously does not agree with this martial pairing. Iago's authentic character is hinted at early on in the tragedy, where in one of his longer speeches he finishes- 'I am not what I am'. This points the reader towards Iago's true colours, which are rarely put openly on show.
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In my mind this reason seem far to inferior to explain the enraged, bitter feelings that Iago has towards the Moor. However, during this same scene he delivers some more reasons that do, to some extent explain his animosity for Othello. It is the matter of sexual jealousy. 'twixt my sheets He's done my office.' (Act 1 Scene 3) In this soliloquy he is admitting his more secretive motives for wanting to obliterate the Moor. He suspects Othello of having illicit relations with his wife, Emilia, although he has no proof.
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The book of common was used in every Church and an English translation of the Bible was read out aloud in public. Boys went to school, until their parents could afford it. However, girls stayed at home, and acquired domestic and social skills - cooking, sewing perhaps even music. At the start of the sixteenth century, the English had a very poor opinion of their own language. Latin was the language of international scholarship, and the Englishmen admired the eloquence of the Romans.
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Act 3 scene 3 is a pivotal scene in the play Othello. How does it build on previous events and foreshadow events still to come?
This builds on Iago's soliloquy in Act 1 scene 3, where he reveals to the audience that he intends to create suspicion in Othello's mind that Desdemona is having a secret relationship with Cassio, "after some time, to abuse Othello's ear that he is too familiar with his wife..". He in this case is being referred to Cassio. To abuse Othello's ear means to say something that he will not like, which in this case will be to tell him that Cassio is a bit too familiar with his wife.
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Iago says 'an old black ram is tupping your white ewe.' Brabantio can't believe what they're telling him maybe because he trusts his daughter and doesn't think she would betray him, but after a search she is not found. I think Shakespeare would have staged it like this, with only 3 people on stage and as the first scene so we make an impression of Othello. Although both different centuries get totally different thoughts about him, Shakespeare would have thought a lot about how to start the play and it really has worked in the 21st century.
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The main action that occurs at the beginning of this scene is the meeting between the Duke and the senators of Venice, in the council chambers. Council meetings are usually held during the day; but the fact that it is night time now, makes the audience think that the topic of this meeting is so important that the council members cannot wait till it is morning to discuss it. This strategy used by Shakespeare motivates the audience to focus on the scene.
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He concludes: 'trust not your daughters' minds by what you see them act.' Throughout this scene before even meeting Desdemona as a character in the play, we gain an idea of the way she is perceived by others as a 'fair daughter' and 'white ewe' and her actions in marrying Othello are greeted with surprise and anger by her father who instructs for the two to be apprehended immediately. The real reason for their marriage being unknown at this point in the play, the audience are aware of the importance of her character, and from this one act Iago sees opportunities of betrayal towards Othello who he hates.
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Othello - Examine the importance and effectiveness of Act III, scene 3, considering the significance in terms of plot, character, theme and dramatic power.
The Duke and Senators take no further action against Othello, so Brabantio is overruled. As this doesn't work out as well for Iago as he hoped it would, he decides to plan a second move. He cunningly cons a man called Roderigo (a gulled gentleman) into believing that Desdemona will get in bed with him if he gives Iago money. As Roderigo isn't the smartest person in the world he agrees. Othello is sent to Cyprus with the army and Desdemona is left in the hands of Cassio.
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In Which way does Iago manipulate characters and contribute To their downfall in Shakespeare's play Othello?
Shakespeare's Othello was first published six years after his death in 1622, although the first play was performed in 1604, two years after Shakespeare wrote it. At the beginning of Act 1, Iago and Roderigo are talking about Othello. 'I know my price; I am worth no worse a place.' Iago believes that he is the best man for the job as Othello's lieutenant, and is irate that Cassio was hired instead. 'I follow him to serve my turn upon him.' Iago tells Roderigo that the only reason he is still serving Othello at all is to get his revenge.
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This is an image typically used by Othello. In scene 3 of the first act Othello is at the Senate, replying to Brabantio's accusations of casting a spell over Brabantio's daughter making her fall in love with him. In his speech there is obvious irony and exotic language. Again typical Othello language, "Rude am in my speech and little bless'd with the soft phrase of peace" that passage is obvious irony as Othello is certainly not rude in his speech he is completely opposite to that.
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