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GCSE: Richard III
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Discuss the ways in which Shakespeare creates and maintains dramatic tension in Act III, Scene i of Romeo and Juliet.
The audience in those days expected the play to have lots of sword-fighting scenes, whereas the modern audience see "Romeo and Juliet" more like a romance play. Shakespeare uses the expectations of the audience to establish tension at the beginning of the scene. The audience know that the Montagues and Capulets are sworn enemies, so they expect some conflict between the young men. Tybalt appears to try his best not to get into a fight. However, he makes indirect, subtle insults to provoke a fight rather than directly confronting the young Montaugues. The audience expect a fight to break out.
- Word count: 1537
His reaction was short and cold, his lips showed no emotion but his eyes communicated his true feelings. From the way he stared I could tell he was slightly in shock, and more or less disappointed to be discouraged by even his own mother. "You speak too bitterly," he told me, yet I am reluctant to feel guilty about my curse towards my own son. It was his devilish deeds that provoked me to do so, and I feel for once I have projected some righteousness in my third son. Was I supposed to feel guilty and responsible for my heinous son?
- Word count: 923
Buckingham employs the use of sibilance in Act 3 Scene 1 to befriend the prince of York. Buckingham uses the words, ', since succeeding' after York expresses his concern in staying at the Tower. The use of sibilance give the speech a light and soft feeling and as Buckingham is talking about the Tower, it also obtains a gentle atmosphere further reassuring the prince that the Tower is a welcoming place to be. Furthermore, this is emphasized by the comma before 'since', isolating the sibilance, making it stand out from the rest of the sentence.
- Word count: 641
How far would you say Shakespeare creates sympathy in the minds of the audience for Richard's victims?
This could be viewed as a form of a social comment, which Shakespeare often used in his plays. A Tudor audience was more likely to have accepted that Richard had a vile character as Tudor history had probably depicted him in this way and it was the audience's ancestors who would have encountered Richard of Gloucester in real life, only a few generations previously. Moreover, a Tudor audience's view on characters may be more affected by the generally stronger belief in God, and the belief that the most 'powerful' candidate should be king, rather than there being a divine right
- Word count: 2926
He exaggerates his "withered arm", a deformity which he continually tells us, not only in the opening soliloquy but throughout the play, causes him to be an outcast. Furthermore, he expresses how his deformity renders him unloved, and that because he "cannot prove to be a lover" like his handsome brother King Edward, he is "determined to prove a villain". He justifies the villainous actions he is to commit throughout the play by allowing the audience to pity him in the opening scene.
- Word count: 790
'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple theatrical villain' Discuss
The 'house' is therefore the House of York that Richard and his brothers, Edward and Clarence, belong to as opposed to the House of Lancaster, which was defeated. The last two lines refer to the fact that all evil has been annihilated and the bad things prior to the House of York winning have been removed and forgotten, according to Richard anyway. Already we have seen an example of Richard's quick thinking and intelligence, as the word 'sun' can mean two things here, thus making it a pun.
- Word count: 7144
"Flanders field" arouses the memories of fallen friends and family members within the minds of men throughout the land, persuading and coercing them to join the ranks with many others. 3. The first poem "Fall In" is attempting to recruit young men to the forces by using what could be assumed as a sort of blackmail tactic. One can only assume that at the time of its publication the words found within its verses would have struck several chords in the hearts of the audience of young men, no doubt accomplishing its task; relying heavily on planting the seed of
- Word count: 772
He does this by creating a completely bogus prophecy that the person who will kill the King, their name will start with the letter "G". As Clarence's name (George) starts with a "G" Edward has no choice but to send Clarence to the tower of London. The making of this rumour shows great expediency and cunning, not to mention dishonesty. After a little bit of a push in the right direction from Richard, Edward IV sends out an execution order for Clarence.
- Word count: 628
This man I speak of - is the man who I have been assisting throughout his assault, a man who I now realise is a villain - a cold hearted, inexorable, ruthless villain! This man I speak of is Richard, the person who has wished upon my death for a task that my conscience shall never permit me to pursue - a task that would cause such upset towards his family and my beloved country that I could no longer bare to face the endeavours of life.
- Word count: 526
In act 1 scene 2 Richard III has many difficulties before he wins Lady Anne. Shakespeare, too, has many challenges in this scene. How are these overcome? Do you find Lady Annes capitulation to Richard credible?
He is "Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time". As he is deformed he can't woo a woman because no body wants to be with him. Richard III is the type of character that never lies. He tells the audience what he is going to do then he does it and then he asks us "hey wasn't that good". This is a quote from one of the people involved making the Richard III movie. He recognises that King Edward is "true and just" and that he is going to have to be that much more "subtle, false, and treacherous".
- Word count: 1420
Richard III In act 1 scene 2, Richard is put to the test of making Anne agree to marry him. This would prove difficult, as Richard has killed Annes husband and father-in-law.
"Nay, do not pause: for I did kill King Henry-but 'twas thy beauty that provokes me. Nay, now dispatch 'twas I that stabbed young Edward - but 'twas thy heavenly face that set me on". This speech from Richard puts Anne in a very difficult position. She ha a sword in her hand, and he is in a vulnerable position. Anne knows he is a murderer and will feel petrified. This is how he manipulates her, Throughout the scene, there is a certain stichomythia. Where Anne makes fun of Richard and then Richard instantly responds about her beauty.
- Word count: 791
This shows the audience Richard's ruthlessness because through his actions he is putting his own brother into prison. But because of the soliloquy just before this the audience know that this is going to happen so are probably not surprised but at the same time are wondering how the events will unfold. As Richard has confided with them they are attracted to him at this stage. In Act one Scene two Richard tries to court Anne even though he has killed her Father and Husband.
- Word count: 1012
Examine The Character Of Richard The Third As Shakespeare Presents Him To Us, And The Ways In Which The Play May Reflect A Distinctively Tudor View Of History.
I will deliver you or else lie for you. Meantime, have patience.' However these loyal, loving words from brother to brother simply mask Richards's attempt to divert any future blame away from himself, as his intentions are for Clarence to remain imprisoned and eventually have him murdered. Furthermore, Richard utilizes his skills of manipulation when arranging Clarence's murder in Act 1 Scene 4, feeding compliments to the murderers to ensure they execute his plans appropriately 'Your eyes drop millstones when fools' eyes fall tears. I like you, lads.' He makes them feel worthy and important, although in his mind they will become worthless to him after their job is carried out.
- Word count: 2133
Richard then continues his trail of insolence by ignoring Anne's comment and threatening the coffin bearers with death if they defy him, "I'll make a corpse of him that disobeys." This once again shows his impatience and severity. It also gives the audience reason to believe that he was the cause of the monarch's death. As a man approaches Richard and asks politely if he could stand aside, Richard immediately returns with a barrage of insults, "Villains...unmannered dog...beggar." Although Shakespeare presents Richard as an intelligent man throughout the play, Richard uses insults to make him feel superior; he uses this technique again at the final part of the play.
- Word count: 2381
For her, 'no doubt the murderous knife was dull and blunt...till it was whetted on thy stone-hard heart.' This is a comparison to describe his killing of Elizabeth's sons. Also 'thy stone-hard heart,' this is calling Richard hard hearted and is implying that he has no conscience. Additionally, in the first set scene Anne uses personification to describe Richard's deeds. For her, 'o gentlemen, see, see, dead Henry's wounds...open their congealed mouths and bleed afresh.' This type of imagery is used to give human traits to non-living objects, in this case it personifies how Anne's relatives are dead and so she is saying that open their hard mouths and bleed again, however they can't as they are already dead.
- Word count: 1017
Furthermore, Richard uses rhetoric language to try to persuade Lady Anne to marry him. In the first extract he uses antithesis, 'more wonderful when angels are so angry.' However in the second extract Richard and Anne both use emotional blackmail, 'thine eyes, sweet lady, have infected mine,' for her 'would they were basilisks', to strike thee dead.' Richard's usage of antithesis makes Anne feel less certain or confused about Richard. However his ability to rhetorically persuade Lady Anne exposes one of the ways he is able to convince her to marry him.
- Word count: 609
Today I watched my nephew and neice suffer the same blow that I have, and as their aunt I could give them no comfort, for I was so overwhelmed by the death. For this, I feel terrible and a failure to my family. One thing that shocked me at first was the sorrow in which my mother in law, the Duchess, was besieged with. She was the saddest of all of us, for she had two of her sons taken away from her by death and the murderous hand of Richard.
- Word count: 607
How does Shakespeare reveal Richard III's characteristics and skills to be both repulsive and somehow impressive the first Act of the play?
The adjective "lascivious", in particular shows he is very lustful and hung up on sex. In the next quote, "I that am not shaped for sportive tricks/ Nor made to court an amorous looking glass" Shakespeare uses the powerful metaphor "Not shaped for sportive trick" to show he is not physically shaped to have sex. Richard is clearly very self conscious and pities himself for not being as sexually active as other men. Richard, having been born premature felt he was born before was complete, illustrated in the tricolon, "Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time/ Into this breathing would scarce half made up" which shows us Richard's sense of inferiority, and how he does not feel like a real man.
- Word count: 2858
In act 1, Richard and Anne exchange words rapid (stichomythia). This speech between them shows the different techniques Richard employs, such as repetition and antithesis. Anne: Oh, wonderful, when devils tell the truth! Richard: More wonderful, when angels are so angry. While she speaks of hell and revenge against the murderer of her family, he responds by talking about heaven and forgiveness. His quick replies, turning her own words against her slowly break down her barriers and she eventually gives in.
- Word count: 1042
These quotes really elaborate on how he feels and show his frustration to fulfill his desire. the various adjectives used are applied so the contemporary audience understand, as they believed that god made them. What it really implies is that god has cheated him and forgot to finish him off. For the contemporary audience they would find this very offensive. This was as the philosophical context shows that in Elizabethan times religion was very important. They would believe God always represented good and to associate him with a word, worthy of no honour like 'cheated'. This would very blasphemous.
- Word count: 1476
Shakespeare uses very powerful imagery to explain Richard's plot in a very emotive and connective way. He uses lots of poetic and dramatic devices to put emphasis on certain sections of the plot. He uses repetition of the keywords and phrases within the soliloquy to stress emphasis on particular words; an example of this is 'our' which Shakespeare uses a lot. This word is repeated so that the audiences feel continuously involved with Richard, this makes them feel obliged to like him because he is sharing his inner most secrets with them. Shakespeare also uses exaggeration to convince the audience to befriend Richard, he makes Richard insult him.
- Word count: 1165
lover / ...I am determined to prove a villain' His jealous personality, as well as his self-loathing, seems to be portrayed here. And already by this very first speech can we get to grasps with his nefarious designs of how to accomplish everything he so desires. However, as his Richard's very clever speech. His use of poetic effects allows us to see how Richard is able to use his speech to very easily twist people's perceptions. However this first soliloquy allows us to know what Richard feels, wants, and his plots, so as the audience, we are not to like this portrayal of Richard III.
- Word count: 1426
I must be held a rancorous enemy.' 2 Richard's frequent use of his acting skills also enables him to convince many people many times throughout the play that he is something that he is not. For example, Richard and Buckingham play-act in front of the Mayor in an attempt to frighten him into thinking that an attack is imminent on the Tower of London, 'Lord Mayor - Look to the drawbridge there! Hark, a drum! Catesby, o'erlook the walls! Lord Mayor, the reason we have sent - Look back, defend thee, here are enemies!'
- Word count: 2547
How does Shakespeare shape the audience's perception of Richard in Act One scene one and two of the play?
It is an example of one of Shakespeare's play on words, and is also a metaphor. We, as the audience, receive details during Richard's soliloquy including that of "the war" having ended, and it is the Yorks that have won. In lines five and six, Richard says: 'Now our brows bound with victorious wreaths; Our bruised arms hung up for monuments;' (line 5 - 6) Line six is also another example of one of Shakespeare's metaphors. Richard is effectively saying that the weapons are now battered and rusty like bruised arms.
- Word count: 2219
Richard is also seen as the Anti-hero as in a normal play the hero is the saviour, the man the woman fall for. However in Richard III the character of the hero is reversed, 'Since I cannot prove a lover, I shall prove a villain' Here Richard is the opposite of what a hero should be. Richard is also Machiavellian character, A Machiavel is "one who views politics as amoral and that by any means, however unscrupulous, can justifiably be used to achieve power" we can see Richard fits this definition as in order to achieve his goals he must use cunning (deceive his peers)
- Word count: 1306