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GCSE: Richard III
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Discuss the ways in which Shakespeare creates and maintains dramatic tension in Act III, Scene i of Romeo and Juliet.
The audience in those days expected the play to have lots of sword-fighting scenes, whereas the modern audience see "Romeo and Juliet" more like a romance play. Shakespeare uses the expectations of the audience to establish tension at the beginning of the scene. The audience know that the Montagues and Capulets are sworn enemies, so they expect some conflict between the young men. Tybalt appears to try his best not to get into a fight. However, he makes indirect, subtle insults to provoke a fight rather than directly confronting the young Montaugues. The audience expect a fight to break out.
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In act 1 scene 2 Richard III has many difficulties before he wins Lady Anne. Shakespeare, too, has many challenges in this scene. How are these overcome? Do you find Lady Annes capitulation to Richard credible?
He is "Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time". As he is deformed he can't woo a woman because no body wants to be with him. Richard III is the type of character that never lies. He tells the audience what he is going to do then he does it and then he asks us "hey wasn't that good". This is a quote from one of the people involved making the Richard III movie. He recognises that King Edward is "true and just" and that he is going to have to be that much more "subtle, false, and treacherous".
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This shows the audience Richard's ruthlessness because through his actions he is putting his own brother into prison. But because of the soliloquy just before this the audience know that this is going to happen so are probably not surprised but at the same time are wondering how the events will unfold. As Richard has confided with them they are attracted to him at this stage. In Act one Scene two Richard tries to court Anne even though he has killed her Father and Husband.
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For her, 'no doubt the murderous knife was dull and blunt...till it was whetted on thy stone-hard heart.' This is a comparison to describe his killing of Elizabeth's sons. Also 'thy stone-hard heart,' this is calling Richard hard hearted and is implying that he has no conscience. Additionally, in the first set scene Anne uses personification to describe Richard's deeds. For her, 'o gentlemen, see, see, dead Henry's wounds...open their congealed mouths and bleed afresh.' This type of imagery is used to give human traits to non-living objects, in this case it personifies how Anne's relatives are dead and so she is saying that open their hard mouths and bleed again, however they can't as they are already dead.
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In act 1, Richard and Anne exchange words rapid (stichomythia). This speech between them shows the different techniques Richard employs, such as repetition and antithesis. Anne: Oh, wonderful, when devils tell the truth! Richard: More wonderful, when angels are so angry. While she speaks of hell and revenge against the murderer of her family, he responds by talking about heaven and forgiveness. His quick replies, turning her own words against her slowly break down her barriers and she eventually gives in.
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These quotes really elaborate on how he feels and show his frustration to fulfill his desire. the various adjectives used are applied so the contemporary audience understand, as they believed that god made them. What it really implies is that god has cheated him and forgot to finish him off. For the contemporary audience they would find this very offensive. This was as the philosophical context shows that in Elizabethan times religion was very important. They would believe God always represented good and to associate him with a word, worthy of no honour like 'cheated'. This would very blasphemous.
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Shakespeare uses very powerful imagery to explain Richard's plot in a very emotive and connective way. He uses lots of poetic and dramatic devices to put emphasis on certain sections of the plot. He uses repetition of the keywords and phrases within the soliloquy to stress emphasis on particular words; an example of this is 'our' which Shakespeare uses a lot. This word is repeated so that the audiences feel continuously involved with Richard, this makes them feel obliged to like him because he is sharing his inner most secrets with them. Shakespeare also uses exaggeration to convince the audience to befriend Richard, he makes Richard insult him.
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lover / ...I am determined to prove a villain' His jealous personality, as well as his self-loathing, seems to be portrayed here. And already by this very first speech can we get to grasps with his nefarious designs of how to accomplish everything he so desires. However, as his Richard's very clever speech. His use of poetic effects allows us to see how Richard is able to use his speech to very easily twist people's perceptions. However this first soliloquy allows us to know what Richard feels, wants, and his plots, so as the audience, we are not to like this portrayal of Richard III.
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Richard is also seen as the Anti-hero as in a normal play the hero is the saviour, the man the woman fall for. However in Richard III the character of the hero is reversed, 'Since I cannot prove a lover, I shall prove a villain' Here Richard is the opposite of what a hero should be. Richard is also Machiavellian character, A Machiavel is "one who views politics as amoral and that by any means, however unscrupulous, can justifiably be used to achieve power" we can see Richard fits this definition as in order to achieve his goals he must use cunning (deceive his peers)
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Phrases such as, 'Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time,' describing his premature birth and deformity because of it; 'I am curtailed of this fair proportion,' which depicts his lack of affection from the fairer sex, despite the happy, peaceful times they are supposed to be living in. Furthermore, this creation of sympathy continues when Richard tells of his preference to warfare than peace, because of his deformities and the opinion people hold of him because of it; 'Why, I in this weak-piping time of peace Have no delight to pass away the time,' However, despite the compassion that generates from this verse, it is clear that Shakespeare wishes to evoke mixed feelings from an audience towards Richard.
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Richard III coursework I will be talking about how Shakespeare has shown Richard to be a true machiavel. I will do this by focussing on I.1, I.2, III.7 AND V.3. I will be examining the features of language, staging and presentation.
Shakespeare sets up Richards's character in the opening soliloquy by that the poetry is written in Blank verse with ten syllables unrhymed lines. He expresses his thoughts out aloud. Richard is totally explicit at all times and does not try and hide his evil nature like a machiavel. The effect this would have on the audience is how evil and how devious Richard is being a self seeking power hungry maniac willing to sacrifice everything to get his own way.
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He wants to be in charge and he wants everyone to obey him. He acts as an authority figure, he makes his opinion heard as he tells whoever gets in his way what he is going to do and will do. This is all because of his authoritarian personality but he also has a slight psychopathic personality. However, many may say this might make his behaviour justified because his personality cannot be easily changed and it was very rare to have psychological help because it did not exist in this era. An authoritarian person has rigid beliefs, is intolerant and yet submissive to those in authority "We are the Queen's abjects, and must obey.".
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In conclusion Philip Dean's produced theater performance "ZigZag Street" provided the main theme well through out the whole performance. The acting was wonderful and the uses of techniques were used great. The only downside to this play was the script
Girl: so what do u do? Richard: Im s lawyer. I work for a financial institution, what about u? Girl: im a student. Richard: what are u studying? Girl: Do you like movies? Richard: Sure. She has the Pulp Fiction postcard. Girl: would u like see Pulp Fiction with me sometime? Richard: With you? Girl: Yeah. You haven't seen it? Richard: No, I haven't. One might this week? Or the weekend. Girl: The weekend might be better. Im not allowed out on weeknights during school. Pause. Richard: During school. Girl: Its okay. Im nearly seventeen This scene illustrates the main theme very well; it shows the audience that Richard is looking for friendship or companionship within this girl.
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Imagine you are directing a performance of Richard lll. You are the working with the actors on the climax of the scene in which Richard puts pressure on Lady Anne to marry him.
In this scene Richard is kind of like a sexual magnet and Anne is being pulled into his charms and is forgetting what terrible things Richard has done o her and her family. I think that Anne is quite like a modern woman in the way that if a man tells her that he loves her she will forget about everything he has done to her because she is so flattered. Also she falls into Richards arms more easily because she is feeling very insecure seeing as she has no one left to care and protect her because of Richard killing both her husband Edward, and her father-in-law to King Henry Vl.
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To what extent have you found it possible, in your consideration of literary works, to separate the individual from his or her public role? In your answer you should refer to any two or three works you have studied.
In this way we can see and clearly separate the individual from their public role in these novels. To begin with, 'Things Fall Apart' by Chinua Achebe revolves around the life or Okonkwo. Through the omniscient narration we are enabled to see the thoughts of Okonkwo all throughout the novel. One such example is in the very beginning of the novel, where Okonkwo attempts to show Umuofia that he is a great man and an extremely hard worker. On this occasion we find out that Okonkwo does so as he despises the laziness of his father and strives not to be like him and obtain the abysmal reputation which Unoka had.
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or weird birth marks are a sign of the devil and evil, Richard has gone along with this and seen his brothers and more good looking than he is because he is deformed, this meaning that he has to be evil. In act 1 scene 2, In this scene Richards persuasive and manipulative side is shown, Anne absolutely despises Richard to start off with but this suddenly changes with a few of Richards words, She calls him "Foul devil" and "Lump of foul deformity" this shows complete hatred for Richard, but Richard still tries to win her over by being
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Today's audience don't believe in ghosts, curses and prophecies as much. The audience interpret the supernatural things as a representation and we may see it as an illustration of what's going on in Richard's head. Shakespeare's audiences would have seen the supernatural as evil spirits to curse Richard and to make him feel guilty for what he has done to his family. However, the paranormal still interests the modern audiences, for example miracles. The paranormal is used in contemporary plays and films to make the play more theatrical, exhilarating and more lively.
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Richard charms the audience as he shares his cunning plans with them in his 'asides' this gives him great audience appeal. Richard wants to become king as he is power hungry. In many ways Buckingham is a lot like Richard, he is very politically aware and helps come up the plans to make Richard become king like theone where he gets Richard to 'stand between two churchmen' when the public come round. Buckingham is Richards right hand man and through out the play he does his best to make Richard become king, at one stage on the play he does this by spreading rumours about the current king.
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"The Problem With Finance Was The Only One Solved During The 2nd Reign Of Edward IV" How Far Do You Agree With This Statement.
However, I believe that the problem with finance was solved, but some of the other problems that faced Edward IV, such as nobility were as well. From the four problems that faced Edward IV, there were two problems that I believe Edward IV solved and two that he failed to solve, therefore already disagreeing with the statement that only the finance problems were solved. The first area that Edward ensured to solve during his second reign was the finance problem.
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Richard's rise to power has been cloaked with many secrets. One belief Richard had was that Edward V, his nephew could be swayed by the Woodville's to their advantage. As Edward V mother had been a Woodville herself, Elizabeth Woodville, it could be argued that the Woodville's had a right to influence the King. But Richard eventually replaced Edward V and was crowned king in July 1483 after claiming the illegitimacy of Edward IV's son's, but was this idea of his enough to take the crown.
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There is evidence of gun ports around the outer walls, which is atypical of a Tudor Palace. Many things about the castle/palace show that it was built with the purpose of a luxury palace, which showed off his wealth. It had a glorious Tudor chimney and above the gateway leading to the inner court there were all of Buckingham's titles on plaques. There was one plaque, which said 'Doresenevant' which means 'Hence Forward', and then next to it there was the remains of a plaque which had been removed and may of read 'King of England.'
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Produce a written study of 'Edward Scissorhands' examining how the director, Tim Burton blends different genres to create a suburban fantasy.
Tim Burton also creates romance where Edward falls in love with Kim. Tim Burton has a particular directing style that appears to show in his other films such as: Beetlejuice, Mars Attacks, Ed Wood, Big Fish, Planet of the Apes, Batman and Sleepy Hollow. I viewed Beetlejuice and compared the genre, setting, plot and characters with Edward Scissorhands. Tim Burton borrows ideas from his other films for instance; he likes to use the same actors or actresses for the main characters: E.g.
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Comment on the characters and behaviour of Edward Ferrars and John Willoughby in "Sense and Sensibility"
The same books the same passages were idolized by each." Elinor likes Willoughby but is a little uncomfortable as she feels he is rash and she doubts his veracity: "I love Willoughby, sincerely love him; and suspicion of his integrity cannot be more painful to yourself than to me.", and throughout the book Jane Austen leads the reader to trust Elinor's judgement. However when Elinor hears Willoughby call Marianne by her first name she puts her doubts aside because in the Georgian era men did not call women by their first names.
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Here, Marlowe shows the sentimental, humane feelings of Edward, human emotions we usually do not experience in history plays. In Edward II it is therefore made clear that the characters not only sustain its plot but also carry the emotional burden of the play. He has struck a balance between a plot whose events are directed by its hero and one, which develops independently of him and reacts upon him. The historical evidence is presented in a form that is dramatic and vivid in our minds therefore producing a thought-provoking, emotional drama.
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From 1461 to 70 (his first reign) there were 2 rebellions by Warwick and the rest of the Lancastrians were dealt with. However there were no uprisings, except a small revolt by the Earl of Oxford in 1474. This implies that Edward was seen to be too strong a king to try and rebel against. His law and order policies therefore, in that respect were effective. Edward also dealt with nobles who caused serious trouble for the crown effectively, Oxford was imprisoned and died in 1478 and Clarence, who had rebelled against Edward with Warwick in 1469, was executed in 1478.
- Word count: 1996