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GCSE: Richard III
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'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple theatrical villain' Discuss
The 'house' is therefore the House of York that Richard and his brothers, Edward and Clarence, belong to as opposed to the House of Lancaster, which was defeated. The last two lines refer to the fact that all evil has been annihilated and the bad things prior to the House of York winning have been removed and forgotten, according to Richard anyway. Already we have seen an example of Richard's quick thinking and intelligence, as the word 'sun' can mean two things here, thus making it a pun.
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How effectively did the Scots respond to Edward I's historical arguments for English superiority over Britain?
He sought to use both the opportunity of being invited to adjudicate the rival claims for kingship in Scotland after the death of Margaret, known as the 'Great Cause,' and the subsequent 'rebellion' of the newly appointed King John Balliol to impose his overlordship over his northern neighbours. This is not to imply a deliberate cynical ploy on Edward's part to use these events as excuses for his plans, however, as it would seem that Edward most certainly believed in his natural right as the English king to have dominion over the Scottish realm, and hence that the actions of Balliol and the Scottish clergy were both treacherous, and to his legal mind, unlawful.
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'...thou lump of foul deformity' The latter insult is very wounding towards Richard as it refers to his deformity, i.e. his withered arm, which he is very aware of, he makes many comments throughout the play about it, (Act I scene I) 'Cheating of feature by dissembling Nature' 'But I, that am not shaped for sporting tricks...' '...descant upon my own deformity.' And thinks himself inferior because of it, '...since I cannot prove a lover...' This reference to Richard's deformity, by Anne reflects how angry she is.
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Therefore Edward stopped this alliance from being formed to protect his country, by promising William the throne in 1051. Due to all these sources agreeing with Edward's determination to prevent invasion from his kingdom, it is probable that this piece of interpretation of Edward is reliable, showing that Edward was not a failure. Barlow describes Snorri Sturluson1 saying that Edward was "nicknamed Edward the Good, which describes him well...By the English he is regarded as a saint." Barlow mentions that Enconium Emmae2 says that Edward had courage, determination and possessed all the desirable qualities, which is similar to how a poem3 in the chronicle describes Edward according to Barlow.
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This shows Edward as a successful as he defended his kingdom from Swein invading. There is also evidence from Barlow that "Edward always took command whenever possible of an invasion. Edward provides training of his navy and he gave it leadership when danger threatened." According to Barlow, Edward was able to deal with the foreign policy going worse. Edward was able to stop William from forming an alliance with Flanders. The reason why he does this was because then that would mean they would share maritime power, meaning that they could help Swein, Magnus or Harold Hardrada from invading England.
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A good example of this simple play structure is in the Phrase, "The cease of majesty Dies not alone, but like a gulf doth draw What's near it with it;" The brief explanation of this is when the King dies everything that is around the King and depends on the king dies with him. The question that I am going to answer is, "How do we feel sympathy for Richard III?" and I am going to answer it by analysing the scenes in which he has thoughts of personal reflection and the scenes in which he wins us over with his charm and charisma.
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'In plot, in imagery, in structure, Richard II offers us little thatis not already present or implicit in Edward II. 'Assess Shakespeare's debt to Marlowe in this play.
The main reason I highlight this theory is because much of Shakespeare's work seems to be a progression from where Marlowe left off, when comparing their work it seems Marlowe's work matures into that of Shakespeare's. This may well be because Shakespeare is indebted to Marlowe, but a separate reason for this may be because he was in fact the same man. If this theory were the case then the assessment of Shakespeare's debt to Marlowe in Richard II would be futile because he would owe everything he knew to the man, for the simple reason that they were the same person.
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'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple theatrical villain.' Discuss
Richard III also deals with a key political issue. It talks about, 'the justification of men to depose a king if he proved to be a disaster for the country'. In the time the play was written it was common belief that the monarch was appointed by god and therefore would be divinely protected. This was much debated however Richard III clearly provides an answer to that question. The Richard presented by Shakespeare has a wide range of characteristics. The main aspect of Richard's personality to focus upon is his great wit.
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This excerpt is taken from the very first act of Shakespeare's play 'Richard III', and it exemplifies just how, throughout the play, Shakespeare portrays the king as a vile and despicable character.
Richard's bad image began as the result of Henry VII's desire to destroy Richard's reputation once he was dead. He intended for Richard to sink into oblivion whilst he, Henry, would be remembered as the magnificent saviour who rescued England from Richard's oppressive and tyrannical reign. By using the interest that many people had in historical events in the 15th and 16th century, Henry hoped to twist events to make Richard appear cruel and spiteful. However, Henry's propaganda actually had the adverse effect of elevating Richard's character to mythic proportions, so that it is often a source of debate, 5oo years after his demise, as to whether he was a paradigm of evil or a paragon of loyalty.
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The first part of the soliloquy starts with 'now is the winter of out discontent'. The usage of the word winter implies the end of the 'discontent' as winter is the last season before the new-year. Yet the first line can be interpreted in a different way. Winter is a dark season, literally speaking. It has long nights and so it could be associated with crime/evil as it is commonly believed that satanic powers have more power in the dark as they are away from the light of goodness/God. Could Richard be implying that the worst 'winter' of our 'discontent' was yet to come?
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But reality always tends to subvert expectations, whether in life or in art, as accidents and unexpected twists and turns happen to everyone. Marriage: For Marianne and Elinor, marriage is not a choice, but a necessity; and their need to marry expediently and well is a pressing concern in the novel, as they look for suitors. Young men may choose more freely when and whom they marry, and Colonel Brandon is even 35 and still unmarried; but even for women who have money, marriage is necessary to secure their social positions and ensure financial stability for the future.
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Richard III Manipulates the Court of York in the same way that Shakespeare Manipulates History. Discuss the links between the playwright and protagonist.
He validates his impiety by telling the audience of his boredom with life. He states 'I ... have no delight to pass away the time' (Act I Scene 1 line 25) as he cannot 'caper nimbly in a lady's chamber' (Line 12). Now the war is over there is nothing he is good at so he resorts to the only other thing he has left: using his aptitude to cause others misery. To him it is merely exciting to nearly get caught. He wants to be king but not for the joy of being king but for the suspense of getting there.
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'His honour rooted in dishonour stood, And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true' (Tennyson, Lancelot and Elaine). Richard III
Richard starts the play as a hero. He has just been fighting for his country, for his families' honour, and has succeeded. And yet, he is not content with victory. He misses the thrill of war, as is shown when he states 'And now, instead of mounting barbed steeds To fright the souls of fearful adversaries...He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber' (I.I.10-12). Richard's soliloquies are the perfect opportunities for one to get inside Richard's head, for they are the only genuine times when the true Richard is revealed.
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Richard III by William Shakespeare - “How genuine was the relationship between Richard and Buckingham?”
Richard, her husband's brother, is to be established as Protector to her sons, knowing that he is her enemy. Buckingham and Stanley have been visiting Edward, who is in good spirits considering his poor health - Edward intends to "make atonement Between the Duke of Gloucester and your brothers, And between them and my Lord Chamberlain; And sent to warn them of his royal presence" (1.3.line 36-39). Elizabeth's heart continues to remain heavy, as she cannot bring herself to believe that this reconciliation is really possible.
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