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    Hawk RoostingAniela Baseley 13 FO The poem is written by poet Ted Hughes. In his life time Hughes has published many poems about nature and animals.

    The poem is written with a chilling attitude to power. In the first stanza, the hawk is perched on top of a tree, awaiting nightfall. We know this because the hawk is 'Roosting.' His arrogance is already clear, " Inaction, no falsifying dream" this indicates to the reader, that even when the hawk is sleeping, he does not dream 'needless' dreams. The hawk just has focus on killing. Alliteration is then used "hooked head," this extenuates the line with a sound, as well as the hawks egoism and obsession with itself.

    • Word count: 672
  2. The poem Full Moon and Little Frieda is by Ted Hughes written about his daughter, Frieda, expressing themes such as childhood, innocence and discovery.

    It very much accentuates the silence and it shows us that it is set in the countryside. The word "pail" could also refer to something being pale, such as the moon and milk. The fact that the pail is "still and brimming" puts a real emphasis on the stillness of the evening. The alliteration in "To tempt a first star to a tremor" makes the sentence flow smoothly, but also gives us a further impression of tenseness. The fact that "cows are going home in the lane there" confirms that this is set in the countryside, possibly on a farm.

    • Word count: 818
  3. "What are Ted Hughes' Ideas about poetry, and how have they been

    don't have to bother about commas or full stops or that sort of thing" to Ted punctuation is not important, but the senses are: " Just look at it, touch it, smell it, listen to it, turn yourself into it" as he believes senses are there to help you. If you write a poem completely different to another poet and you are worried about your work,/ Ted believes that you should not care about what other people have written it is your own work that matters and how you find it " Do not care how other people have written about this thing, this is the way you find it".

    • Word count: 652
  4. Using two or three poems which you have read explore the ways in which the poets use their poetry as a means of confronting and challenging prejudice

    ARE YOU LIGHT OR VERY DARK?" The capital letters emphasises the loudness in her voice, whereas, in Langston Hughes poem the other dinner guest are not being prejudiced to the only black dinner guest directly. Although they would ask him "the usual questions that come into white mind." Here they are set apart from him as a different race, "to be part of a Problem on Park Avenue at eight is not so bad." He's angry because he is still part of the Negro Problem even though he is with elegant, upper-class people.

    • Word count: 807
  5. "In 'The Stag' Hughes seems to comment on man's relationships with nature" With reference to 'The Stag' and one other poem in the section discuss the poet's treatment of conflict between man and nature.

    to be hunting such an animal and this poem helps us realise that this is going on all the time and it is just a reminder. The idea of the distant relationship is shown when it says "the stag loped through his favourite valley" tells us that he is the only person who is in that forest usually. Ted Hughes expresses part of his feeling as he says "pulled aside the camouflage of their terrible planet" this tells us that he sympathises with the stag and is disgusted at our behaviour.

    • Word count: 697
  6. Comparison of Ted Hughes poems: The Warm And The Cold and Work and Play

    There are though, some differences. Like the layout of the poems. Work and Play is set out with three lines at the start of each stanza then five small lines at the end of the stanza, of which there are four. The end stanza changes to one beginning sentence and four ending the piece. The Warm and the Cold however, has three verses of twelve lines, then a finishing part where seven lines are spaced out to give a slowing down effect. This poem also has a recognisable effect where nearly every other line is a simile. E.g. But the trout is in its hole Like a chuckle in a sleeper.

    • Word count: 750
  7. A poetry commentary on The Jaguar, by Ted Hughes

    Overall the sound of the poem portrays strength and admiration. The poem is written in free verse. The poem uses many enjambments; which suggests that the rhyming words are not so noticeable. I think this structure is linked to the life of the jaguar. The jaguar is in no way disturbed about the fact that it is locked up in a cage. Instead it follows its own imagination and way of life. The first stanza suggests to me that it is trying to set the tone and describe the setting.

    • Word count: 861
  8. 'The Horses' by Ted Hughes.

    Another significant place where this technique is used is "Grey silent fragments Of a grey silent world." Here this is very effective because it gives the reader the impression of a totally 'empty' place, silent, cold and where the narrator is completely alone - like the way that some people can come to feel in the hustle and bustle of everyday life. The theme of silence is developed in this way throughout the entire poem, mainly by using metaphors very effectively, accompanied by vivid description e.g. "The curlew's tear turned its edge on the silence. Slowly detail leafed from the darkness.

    • Word count: 730
  9. When you start to read wind you get the impression that it is going to be a poem about a house on a windy day.

    "The booming hills". As well as all this the wind continues it terrorising by stamping like a herd of elephants under the windowsills in the flowerbeds. "Winds stampeding the fields under the window". The poet tries to illustrate the winds power and strength by saying that the house had become adrift overnight and the wind had carried it to a new location. "The hills had new places". As the wind moved ad danced in the air it gave off colours that surrounded the little house, making it difficult to see past the garden.

    • Word count: 697
  10. Compare the two poets Ted Hughes and Simon Armitage.

    The poet has glorified the work of the sparrow and made it sound much more pleasurable. I don't think that this poem really has a message in it but if I had to say that it did, I think that the message would be about the beauty of nature and how we have the power to ruin that beauty, with car exhaust fumes and how we take over the beaches in hot weather, so that they no longer belong to nature.

    • Word count: 822
  11. Ted Hughes: "Hughes' early poems describe the animal kingdom with exact naturalistic detail. They also focus on animals to probe at aspects of human nature."

    Hughes accomplishes this through impressive imagery, poetic devices, all of which evoke powerful emotions from the reader. The subject of the poem, a fish species called pike, are known to be voracious predators, disliked and even feared by some anglers but greatly admired by others because of their size and the persistent fight they put up when hooked. Hughes uses this powerful fish in his illustration of nature. The poem starts with a young, beautiful pike dancing in the water, but moves quickly to the sinister side of the mature fish.

    • Word count: 934
  12. "The Jaguar," by Ted Hughes.

    As the jaguar comes into the poem, he immediately picks up the pace, leaving behind a slow, dull atmosphere created by the other animals. He does this by using descriptive words such as "yawn," "fatigued," and "sleepers," to emphasize the slow pace in the first two verses. He moves on in the third verse using words like "runs," and "hurrying," and "furious." This immediately and effectively shows his overwhelming admiration for the jaguar over the other animals. From the first verse and then from the third on, the poet uses enjambment to carry on the feeling on between verses, for

    • Word count: 690
  13. The Fish is an interesting poem which illustrates an encounter with a "tremendous" fish. The animal is anything but beautiful and is described in almost sick-like detail. In the end the speaker releases the fish with joy.

    The first line of the poem the author starts out by declaring that they had "caught this tremendous fish." The words allow you to imagine this fish in your mind (imagery). With this image imprinted in the readers mind the author then describes that the fish did not fight, which in most cases would seem odd. The average person would know that a fish would usually put up a struggle before they finally were brought in. The author had back to back lines claiming that it indeed did not fight which was done to make a point.

    • Word count: 642
  14. Hawk Roosting.

    This also shows he is superior and powerful. Again he is shown as powerful when it says "...hooked head and feet....perfect kills and eat" it shows this because he tells us about his hooked head and feet which he considers his best weapons. Also the fact that he says kills first, then eats shows his prowess in the fact that he prefers to eat than to kill and he is so powerful that he can kill anytime he wants just for fun and not just killing so he can eat.

    • Word count: 860
  15. Several of Ted Hughes' poems feature extreme weather. Write about how he conveys his feelings about weather in three of the poems.

    Another example of personification can be found in Warm and Cold; "Moonlight freezes the shaggy world Like a mammoth of ice The past and the future. Are the jaws of a steel vice." Hughes has taken some interesting liberties with language in these four lines. The moonlight is said to freeze the world, when in fact it only illuminates it. The idea is that moonlight is a 'cold' light. The word 'shaggy' is applied to the world when it could also be applied to the mammoth in the next line.

    • Word count: 959
  16. 19th & 20th Century Birds of Poetry - The eagle is a poem with two verses made up of three lines each, so it is a very short poem compared to the Hawk, which has five verses, made up of four lines each.

    In verse two trees, bouncy, me. But in "The Eagle" there is a lot more rhyme and is set out in to a regular repeating rhyme scheme of a, a, a, for example hands, lands, stands and crawls, walls, falls. Where as in the Hawk Roosting there is no regular repeating rhyme schemes it is not constant. Both poems are about birds of prey but each poem shows a different aspect of the bird's life. In "The Eagle," Tennyson shows the god like image, almost indestructible.

    • Word count: 739
  17. Remind yourself of 'Tractor.' How far and in what ways do you think this is a characteristic Ted Hughes poem.

    The strength of nature is revealed by the language and imagery used in "Tractor." "A spill of molten ice, smoking snow." Ted Hughes uses a lot of compound words and oxymoron's in his poems, which either contradict one another or create emphasis on the extreme weather. In contrast humans who are in direct contact with nature humiliate themselves yet they ridicule something that is out of their grasp. "It ridicules me- a trap of iron stupidity." Usually things fight against nature but the tractor just gives in by "sinking into its hell of ice." Here Ted Hughes uses the word "hell" to create a strong and vivid image to exaggerate the forces of nature.

    • Word count: 860
  18. Compare how Ted Hughes writes about animals in two of his poems.

    Both the hawk and the swallow are portrayed as beautiful creatures. The hawk is described as an extremely violent and arrogant animal that believes it is god ("I hold creation in my foot"). Hughes allows the reader to see that the bird is quite foolish, as we obviously know that it is not as powerful as it thinks it is.

    • Word count: 536
  19. "Hawk Roosting" by Ted Hughes

    Nothing has changed since I began. My eye has permitted no change. I am going to keep thins like this." As can be seen above, the language and the images in the final stanza are more direct and powerful. There is a simple direct style of writing with constant use of everyday language throughout the poem. For example, "I sit in the top of the wood", "The sun is behind me", and "I am going to keep things like this". However in order to suit the character of the Hawk, Hughes uses rather more sophisticated or elegant expressions such as "There is no sophistry in my body" and "Inaction, no falsifying dream".

    • Word count: 946
  20. How Ted Hughes presents Nature as superior to Man using the poems - Work and Play - The Warm and the Cold

    In contrast, the humans in the poem are depicted as disgusting creatures. '...The serpent of cars which collapsed on the beach Disgorges its organs Which roll like tomatoes Nude as tomatoes With sand in their creases...' This part of the poem creates an unattractive image of the humans, and encourages the reader to despise of them. Nature is shown as superior to man. The swallow seems much more powerful and beautiful than the humans. The humans are shown as if they are a nuisance, as the poem suggests that they pollute their surroundings: 'The serpent of cars that crawls through the dust In shimmering exhaust' Using the word 'serpent' to describe the cars makes it sound as if the cars are threatening.

    • Word count: 671
  21. Ted Hughes writes about the world of nature in these poems. Choose two poems to explain what you think about the different ways he writes about nature. How does he use language to make the poems interesting?

    In contrast, work and play describes the comparison between nature and modern life. It shows the length that humans and animals go to, to have a 'pleasurable' time. Both poems reveal his thoughts on nature clearly. Hughes uses language and imagery effectively to illustrate his ideas. In Wind, phrases like 'The fields quivering,' and 'stones cry out' conveys the idea of everything being fearful and in awe of the wind. His use of simile highlights the physical threat of the wind. In addition, passages such as 'Back gull bent like an iron bar slowly' uses alliteration harsh sounds to show the strength and determination of the wind.

    • Word count: 722
  22. Work and Play & Hawk Roosting

    A "whiplash" swimmer" this represents the speed of the swallow, "whiplash" because when you travel very fast, your neck will move back. Also it is described as a "fish of the air" this suggests that like the fish swims perfectly in the water, the swallow fly's perfectly through the air. Ted Hughes represents the negative side, starting with "but", this shows there are two sides, a positive and a negative.

    • Word count: 351
  23. In "Hawk Roosting", the harshness and cruelty of nature is important, but Hughes shows that there is a form of beauty in this.

    He sees himself as utterly in control of the world and wishes to keep things like this. The hawk uses a lot of pompous-sounding phrases like The convenience of the high trees! /...of advantage to me/...for my inspection. They help emphasise the proud attitude of the hawk. He sounds a bit like a businessman wanting to impress a rival. There is a lot of emphasis on the hawk's mastery of all he sees. He speaks in a very exaggerated way: I hold Creation in my foot...I revolve it [Creation] all slowly...it is all mine. This stresses the hawk's feeling that he alone is dominant.

    • Word count: 872
  24. I have been studying two poems by Ted hughes which are Wind and Hawk Roosting There are many different aspects of nature in these poems and this essay explains how these aspects of nature are used.

    of certain lines for example lines 4 and 5 or lines 16 and 17 there is no punctuation this makes the reader rush on to the next verse as if the wind is uncontrolable. In Hawk Roosting no Imagery is used and the poem is controlled containing short sentences unlike Wind which has a lack of punctuation and structure. The Hawk in Hawk roosting is different for the black back gull in Wind which is said to be "Bent like an iron bar slowly" this gives the impression that the bird is weak wheras in Hawk Roosting the hawk is strong and streamlined much more than animal.

    • Word count: 774
  25. Compare Hughes's portrayal of the swallow in 'Work and Play' with that of the hawk in 'Hawk Roosting'.

    This poem is set out in long lines when the swallow is being described, then shorter machine like lines when the cars are being described. Both poems use the set-out of there poem to help with the message that the poem's are sending out. From the very outset of the poem, it is clear that the hawk is in control. The poem begins assertively with the pronoun 'I'. The hawk is so secure in his position that he is able to announce the fact that he is resting, with the action of his eyes being closed.

    • Word count: 781

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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