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GCSE: Love Poetry

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    "My Last Duchess" and "To His Coy Mistress" Compare the presentation of the men in these two poems.

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    "To His Coy Mistress, is about a man, who wants to sleep with a young woman, but is scared that he does not have a lot of time left. Both the characters aims are the same, but their motivations are different. The Duke is informing the envoy about how he expects his wife to be by talking to him about his ex-wife. This is because he is trying to finalise the deal of marrying the Count's daughter, and wants to make a good impression, this slips throughout the poem, and he reveals his real self.

    • Word count: 2786
  2. Pre 20th century love poetry

    Marlowe's poem is very idealistic and is written in the pastoral form. The scene that he has created is filled with appealing images of flowers and pretty clothes, it is charming and innocent. On the other hand Marvell's world is time ridden. He first presents a courtship where time stands still, like a fantasy. Then in the next part of his argument he brings the lady back to reality where time moves fast and so they have to seize their opportunities for love in the manner of 'carpe diem'. He presents an image of time as a winged chariot bearing down upon them.

    • Word count: 2599
  3. Compare and contrast the attempts at seduction in To His Coy Mistress and The Flea

    The Flea is also tripartite but is not syllogistic. Although the poem is made up of three distinct parts; these are based around live events as opposed to a staged argument. This is because The Flea is improvised, which has both advantages and disadvantages. Improvising the argument helps the speaker in The Flea as it demonstrates his wit, something which may help the speaker in his argument. The argument of each poem is set up very early, with reluctance being immediately established as the impediment which each speaker must overcome, thus giving the woman in each poem the power to determine the outcome, making the seduction in each poem about the breaking down of reluctance.

    • Word count: 2486
  4. A study of how pre-1914 poets have explored different aspects of love over time.

    This can be seen in Christopher Marlowe's "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love" - a typical Elizabethan love poem. The poem tells the story of a shepherd who is desperately trying to lure his beloved to him. He repeatedly pleads with her to "come love with me and be my love"1 and tries to entice her by setting out a beautiful scene in front of her. The use of emotive language is abundant, as the shepherd vividly describes the "pleasures"2 of nature: the "valleys, groves, hills, and fields"3; the "melodious birds (that) sing madrigals"4 and the "beds of roses/ and a thousand fragrant posies"5; among others.

    • Word count: 2196
  5. Essay on Much Ado About Nothing

    Also the language is very formal, as the characters speak directly to each other. The insults between Beatrice and Benedick are formal as they tell the insult to each others faces. The language between Beatrice and Benedick is very direct as they insult each other but they still love each other. Beatrice says, "You always endona Jade's trick, I know you of old." This shows that they have a history, possibly romantic. Also they both have been in love before and then they broke up and went their separate ways.

    • Word count: 2402
  6. "Seduction" and "Cousin Kate" comparing and contrasting themes of love and naivety, betrayal and different facets of love.

    The girl in 'seduction' is taken in by the 'my guy' magazines and is encouraged to see it abnormal to not lose her chastity at a certain age but in 'cousin kate' it is quite the antithesis, it is seen horrendous to lose your virginity before marriage. It is almost a romantic ballad gone wrong whereas in 'seduction' there is the idea of an ideal relationship gone ironically wrong although the girl in 'seduction' lives in a more sympathetic and acceptable society and is allowed to have an unplanned pregnancy or a relationship outside of a marriage status, although it

    • Word count: 2690
  7. In this essay I will explore My Love Is Like A Red, Red Rose, Meeting At Night and Porphyrias Lover.

    Burns uses the senses in 'My Love Is Like A Red, Red Rose' to capture feelings in the words. By using 'Red, Red Rose', nearly all of our senses become engaged, especially that of sight. By repeating 'red', Burns draws attention to the colour of the rose. Red symbolises a love that is romantic and sensual, the deeper the red, the more love and so by emphasising the colour Burns tells us how deep and true his love is. The rose itself represents a natural beauty and perfection that can be found within his love and in her. It awakens our senses to the smell of the rose and its sensual feel, again a representation of his love.

    • Word count: 2042
  8. Compare the way in which the pre-1914 poets you have studied have presented their different ideas about love.

    Ballads were originally part of the oral tradition, a well-known literary tradition. The ballad is a very old form of poetry, it was used long ago when many people couldn't read so usually took the form of a type of song so it was easy to remember, therefore the poem's structure adds to the story-telling theme because the poem is a conversation - the knight is telling the other person about the woman who he has fallen in love with.

    • Word count: 2438
  9. Compare the language and form used to express lost love in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' by Keats and 'When We Two Parted' by Byron. Explore a wider selection of poems on this theme and connect and compare them with those of Keats and Byron.

    It is an allegory, perhaps written by the poet after he had been let down by his true love. In both poems a story is told in stages, represented in each stanza. Love is expressed in each poem by a feeling of pain and despair at its loss. The authors use expressive language to portray their pain and anguish, in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' Keats work didn't really focus on religion or ethnic issues, he wrote mainly about sensations and the richness of life. The style of poetry that Byron uses in 'When We Two Parted' suggests that he also preferred to write in a similar way; this is what makes the two poems suitable for comparison.

    • Word count: 2177
  10. Pre 19th century poetry essay

    This makes it very precious and pure and should not be destroyed. First Love is in comparison a very sad and pessimistic look at love. The poem looks at love as being something that destroys a person from within. However the beginning of the poem is much alike to A Birthday. The poem First Love begins by being very vibrant. The title suggests the love as being overwhelming, passionate and painful. The poem opens with the line "I ne'er was struck before that hour" the elision used maintains the rhythm and the use of the word struck shows that love cannot be planned and when it hit's it hit's hard, without allowing the victim to prepare.

    • Word count: 2558
  11. What have you found interesting about the ways Chaucer satirises the code of Courtly Love in the Miller's Prologue and Tale?

    For example, he speaks words of Courtly Love, but his actions do not match what he says. When speaking to Alison, Nicholas says "Lemman, love me al atones, or I wol dyen" yet he is holding "hire harde by the haunchebones". Therefore I find it interesting that Chaucer is using elements of Courtly Love, in that the words Nicholas says to seduce Alison appear to be courtly, yet Nicholas only cares about having sex with her, which has nothing to do with the code of Courtly Love. Therefore it could be said that Nicholas is mocking the idea of Courtly Love, which in turn suggests that Chaucer is portraying that Courtly Love should not be respected.

    • Word count: 2200
  12. Explore the images and concepts generated in 'Porphyria's Lover'

    The passionate atmosphere and the mood in the fourth stage of the poem contrasts on the lover's disappointed words, still in the cottage the lover describes what he is thinking. Moving on the poem starts to become more interesting, section 5 allows us to see that the lover realises Porphyria really loves him and has no doubts. We also see he is thinking on what action to take, which leads us on to the next part. Possibly the most shocking parts of the poem, the sixth part sees the lover kill Porphyria with her own hair, to preserve her love for him so it will last forever.

    • Word count: 2216
  13. Compare And Contrast "Porphyria's Lover" and "My Last Duchess"

    This is an angelic movement that makes the poem mysterious for the reader. The lover feels that she is too weak to love and care for him. 'Too weak, for all her heart's endeavour' The lover wants to be loved by Porphyria and is very possessive, as he wants to keep her for always. The lover therefore had a motive for killing Porphyria. The lover feels that Porphyria must worship him and that she has to belong to only him as he says; 'Porphyria worshipped...she was mine, mine' Because of Porphyria worshipping the lover, the lover feels like he is god and he would feel like he has the authority and the power to take Porphyria's life.

    • Word count: 2329
  14. The four poems I am going to use are; 'Porphyria's Lover', by Robert Browning, 1812-1889; 'The Highwayman', by Alfred Noyes, 1880-1958; 'The Eve of St. Agnes', by John Keats, 1795-1821; and 'The Lady of Shalott', by Alfred, Lord Tennyson

    'The Lady of Shalott', published in 1832, was the first of Tennyson's excursions into the realm of King Arthur, although he admitted he had the story from an Italian novella, 'Donna di Scalotta'. 'Shalott and Astolat are the same words. The Lady of Shalott is evidently the Elaine of the Morte d'Arthe, but I do not think that I had ever heard of the latter when I wrote the former. Shalott was a softer than "Scalott". Stalott would have been nearer Astolat'.

    • Word count: 2080
  15. Compare "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love" to "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" and show how Ralegh's poem is poetry of Marlowes.

    Christopher Marlowe-writer of "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love", was born in the same year as Shakespeare, 1564, and was the son of a shoemaker. Many believe that he was a rival playwright to Shakespeare. He (Marlowe) received his Batchelor of Arts in 1584 and his master's degree in 1587. Marlowe was thought to be a spy and when having dinner with some friends, at a tavern, he was stabbed after disagreeing over the bill. This was on the 30th May 1593.

    • Word count: 2540
  16. The two poems I have chosen on the theme of love are 'Porphyria's Lover' by Robert Browning and 'Stop All The Clocks' by W.H Auden.

    This poem is written as one long story, consisting of one long stanza. The poem is written in first person as if there is an imaginary speaker, the young man. No one knows who he could be, perhaps Browning heard about the story from real life and turned it onto a poem. Although there are very clear descriptions of both of them, as shown in the lines "dripping cloak and shawl" and "laid her soiled gloves by, untied her hat and let the damp hair fall" this helps you to see a reasonable description of how she looked that night.

    • Word count: 2611
  17. An analysis of a passage of verse or prose written between 1590-1700, explaining the meaning and quality they would aim to bring out in speaking the passage aloud. "To Anthea who may command him anything"- Robert Herrick

    The first line of this particular poem would need to be spoken powerfully, by lowering the speakers voice, as it talks of him asking her if he should live of not. This is also the most important line of the poem as it starts it, and is the line that will if any entrap the audience so that they listen to the poem. It should be spoken clearly and slowly. The third and fourth lines of the first verse are about the poet, bidding him love and he would love her.

    • Word count: 2020
  18. In this essay I will be discussing and comparing the poems 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover.' I will be looking at many different criteria including the poet's message

    The speaker describes the weather outside as if his feelings, when he is not with her, are reflected in the weather: cold, dark and gothic. He describes the wind as 'sullen.' This use of pathetic fallacy is giving the false belief of the weather actually being related to the speaker's mood. When the speaker enters in line 5 he speaks of his heart being 'fit to break' showing his emotional state being similar to the weather. Browning reveals much about the Duke in 'My Last Duchess' though we also find out about the Duchess and her relationship with the Duke.

    • Word count: 2954
  19. 'The Flea' written by John Donne in the seventeenth century. 'First Love' which was written by John Clare in the nineteenth century, and also 'Shall I compare thee...' which was written by William Shakespeare in the sixteenth century

    The quote states that she shouldn't deny their love, he uses the words 'little' making love sound less important, saying it's a minor thing, which shows he is persuading her. John Donne was part of a group of poets called the metaphysical poets. We can see this as he symbolisises the flea cleverly, symbolisng their love as a simple yet effective 'flea'. The narrator uses the flea as a conceit, making the flea as an idea of love and expanding it through out the poem.

    • Word count: 2722
  20. Should consenting sexual relations be confined to marriage? If not, what limitations upon sexual activity are morally acceptable? Friendship and love are fundamental in life

    Indeed, families can tend toward preferential love rather than the Gospels' notion of non-preferential love. Catholicism, especially Thomists, disapprove of pre-marital sex for two main reasons. Firstly, it is outside the bounds of wedlock and therefore wrong. Secondly, young people tend to use contraception, which contravenes the Natural Law teaching of procreation. Situation Ethics is also unhelpful, as it is difficult to say whether love in sexual intercourse and relationships can be considered along the lines of agapaic love, which is what Situation Ethics promotes. Furthermore, the Bible does not offer much help either, as Jesus never condemns pre-marital sex, so it is difficult to know where one ought to look for guidance.

    • Word count: 2212
  21. 'The course of true love never did run smooth'By what techniques does Shakespeare prove this to be the case in a Midsummer Night's Dream?

    Hermia's father would rather see her marry Demetrius, but she would rather become a nun than do so. As well as this, the 'real world', there is another world which has the fairy King and Queen and their trains. The King and Queen are at war with each other over a young boy, who the Queen believes is hers. In Act 1, Scene 1, Shakespeare is telling us that other people can sometimes affect the way that love runs it's course. This is shown at the beginning of the play with Hermia and her father, Egeus. Egeus arrives at the court 'Full of vexation' at Hermia's refusal to marry Demetrius.

    • Word count: 2593
  22. "The Flea", a witty poem of seduction and conceit, taken from John Donne's "Songs and Sonets" is the poem that I have chosen to compare to "Song", another poem of John Donne's where he is passionately pleading with his wife not to be disheartened about h

    Donne throughout the poem makes references to the flea, presenting a conceit produced of wit, integrity and persuasion. The title, which presents the conceit, is in fact the structure of the poem, the entire poem depends on this conceit. At first, this is a puzzling image to the reader, it seems bizarre and inappropriate. However, as the poem continues, Donne's argument does also, and we see how reality is conveyed by the vivid imagery of the flea. Donne uses a three-part syllogism in this poem which he delivers in a matter-of- fact- tone: " It sucked me first, and now sucks thee And in this flea, our two bloods mingled be" Here Donne shows manipulation towards the woman.

    • Word count: 2385
  23. Compare the different ways and forms in which poets have written about love over the centuries

    The whole poem is a speech to get the women into bed. Andrew Marvell uses biblical references to illustrate to how love to his mistress goes on for eternity. Andrew Marvell describes by using the mention of the Jews in the poem. The religious aspect to the poem is a way to show love in 17th century. The love is over exaggerated in the first stanza, and the reader in the 21st century would find this humorous but in the 17th century love was shown in this way, in religious context.

    • Word count: 2321
  24. By referring closely to 5/6 poems from the collection show what differentattitudes are shown towards love.

    The way Clare uses language shows that he finds first love an uncomfortable feeling. This is shown in the rhetorical questions he uses. "Are flowers the winter's choice?" These are two images that have been unusually linked, flowers and winter. This is not a comfortable image. Flowers usually die in winter and this creates death imagery. Clare also uses the words 'deadly pale' to describe how he turns when seeing his love. This shows that he does not always enjoy his love and that it is quite intense.

    • Word count: 2685
  25. We have studied the greatest love poems ever written by men and women. These poets have used poems to emphasise their feelings and experiences of love and relationship.

    All sonnets have fourteen lines. The lines have ten syllables and are arranged into three quatrains, or groups of four lines, and a final couplet (two successive lines that rhyme). The rhyme scheme of the sonnets is abab, cdcd, efef, and gg. A theme is developed and elaborated in the quatrains, and a concluding thought is presented in the couplets. "Sonnet 18" is categorised in the joy of love section. The main theme of this poem is summer and happiness, "shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"

    • Word count: 2711

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Choose three poems from the pre-1914 section of your anthology which present different views of love. Compare the poems considering carefully the language the poets have decided to use and its effects on the reader.

    "In conclusion love in these poems is portrayed in a number of different ways. 'My Last Duchess' is very cold poem where the woman is objectified and there is a distorted view of love. There is also little passion shown. 'Porphyria's lover' is quite a passionate poem, which portrays the woman as respectable and brilliant. However the love becomes sinister as in 'My last Duchess'. 'To his Coy Mistress' is much more light hearted than the others and is comic. The poem is quite passionate, but lust is the form of passion and that is not true love, but a love that like in 'My Last Duchess' objectifies the woman. Also the women in the two poems are seen as less important as in 'Porphyria's Lover' which represents the woman as the most important thing in the world. Therefore Browning poems are more sinister and different to Marvell which is more like Donne as their poems are more comic and lustful."

  • Compare Shakespeare's sonnets 18 and CXXX.

    "Which brings up a theme: irony. Both poems give us an unexpected conclusion, one that proves ironical in both cases. In both cases, of course, the poet maintains his love, which is the strongest element, not nature. And this is the strangeness of the poems. We generally think of the power of nature to overrule all. There is a theme of "unchanging love." But you might consider instead a theme closer to "all important love." Neither of these poems actually says that love will remain permanent. Sonnet 18 tells us that beauty will, and Sonnet 130 shows us that his love is strong even if the woman has flaws. But both poems demonstrate the sheer dominating power of love, a power even over Nature. And this is powerful indeed."

  • Compare and contrast "The Rendezvous" by Stanley J. Thomas, "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell and "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" by William Shakespeare.

    "In conclusion the theme of love is displayed in The Rendezvous, Shall I compare thee to a summer's day and to his coy mistress because they are showing how much they care for their women. They are all similar because they all use nature; they all have lust and beauty. They are different because in Rendezvous it is about romantic love, to his coy mistress is about lust and shall I compare thee to a summer's day is about beauty and romance. In my opinion shall I compare thee to a summer's day has the most realistic view of love because William Shakespeare uses nature which is romantic; he also has a good view of women. ISHTIAQ AHMED"

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