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GCSE: Robert Browning
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My last duchess - original writing. We were running like the wind, our shoes dancing on the green grass, the winds direction changing from time to time as we changed foot. We had to hold on to the front of our long dresses but that just made us e
I gave one of my largest smiles to all of them, especially to my dear one, before quickly looking down and concentrating on running. As I was getting closer and closer to the finishing line, my heart was speeding up, probably telling me to do the same with my legs...I suddenly heard something. I turned around in time to see my white pony being led into the barn. I smiled and crossed the finishing line. Time to get my money.
- Word count: 1392
While men were free to try and do better for themselves, women were stuck with what they were born with and then later, married into. What makes this situation even stranger is that at the time of Browning writing "My Last Duchess" and "Porphyria's Lover" is that there was a queen on the throne and therefore a female in charge of the running of the country. The main themes of both "My Last Duchess" and "Porphyria's Lover" are that of: control, class, and personalities.
- Word count: 1872
Little can be gathered about the personality of Porphyria's Lover. It could be suggested that he is slightly irritable or sullen, as in the poem he says "...she sat down by my side and called me. When no voice replied..." One must wonder why the Lover didn't reply. It could be because on entering acknowledging his presence. This suggests a rather childish attitude. Also, his slightly psychopathic actions bring up questions of his mental state of mind. On saying that, at the end of the poem, he remarks that God has not said anything, which suggests that he knows that what he has just done is wrong, and no doubt he knew it was wrong as he did it, yet he didn't stop.
- Word count: 1653
and learned Latin, Greek, French and Italian by the time he was fourteen. He attended the University of London in 1828, the first year it opened, but left in discontent to pursue his own reading at his own pace. This somewhat idiosyncratic but extensive education has led to difficulties for his readers: he did not always realize how obscure were his references and allusions. In the 1830s he met the actor William Macready and tried several times to write verse drama for the stage. At about the same time he began to discover that his real talents lay in taking a single character and allowing him to discover himself to us by revealing more of himself in his speeches than he suspects-the characteristics of the dramatic monologue.
- Word count: 974
Describe what you have found of interest in the poetry of Robert Browning. Of the poems that I have studied I have chosen My Last Duchess, The Pied Piper of Hamelin and Porphrias Lover. The poems are similar in many ways but al
This is shown by the phrase "then all smiles stopped together", which suggests that the Duke had her killed. She was murdered as her heart was "too easily impressed" and because "her looks went everywhere". These phrases suggest that he was jealous of her as she was too friendly to other men and so he did not think that she was a good wife. Both of the other poems reflect this theme of murder but for different reasons, like in the pied piper it is for revenge as the promised payment is denied.
- Word count: 1823
Is it possible to sympathise in any way with the villains in the two dramatic monologues by Browning that you have read?
The Duke and Porphyria's lover reduce women to objects with the Duke treating the Duchess very much as one of his expensive treasures and with Porphyria's love saying how Porphyria felt after he had murdered her - "The smiling rosy little head/so glad it has its utmost will". Neither has any understanding of the women in the poems, the Duke's selfishness is especially obvious in his comment "But who passed without the same smile" which shows how jealous he was when 'his' Duchess even dared to smile at someone else.
- Word count: 1458
She can't think about anything else and is in rapt with other people's perceptions of her life. She then says they 'laugh laugh' at her, again suggesting a paranoid persona who will interpret anything around her as negative attitudes towards her. She believes she is being mocked by 'they' and everyone else around her. She has no trust whatsoever and utter embarrassment is forced upon her and consequently she is forced to act.
- Word count: 512
Many Men in Victorian Britain Feared Some Women's Desire for Independence. How does Browning Reflect this Fear in his Poem, 'Porphyria's Lover'?
Devoid of the vigilant eye of their spouse, the women could easily flirt with other men, and over time, this may have resulted in them having an affair. Robert Browning refers to women socialising without their partners in 'Porphyria's Lover', line twenty-seven states "Nor could tonight's gay feast restrain" to which Porphyria seems to have attended on her own because the poem suggests that Porphyria came from the feast and through a storm to join him, "When glided in Porphyria; straight she shut the old out and the storm".
- Word count: 1947
"Broke in the orchard for her, the white mule She rode with round the terrace" "Porphyria's Lover" was published in 1836 and could be set in several eras but seems to reflect a Victorian lifestyle. "Withdrew the dripping coat and shawl, And laid her soiled gloves by, untied Her hat and let the damp hair fall," At the beginning of "Porphyria's Lover" Browning immediately begins to set the scene; "The rain set early in to-night, The sullen wind was soon awake," These lines create a strong atmosphere which help you to imagine a picture of where the scene is taking place - a very cold and wet, stormy night.
- Word count: 1343
The last key event is the narrator opening Porphyria's eyes and kissing her: "I wearily oped her lids" Browning explores three key themes in this poem. The first is the struggle between good and evil, with different characters and actions representing good and evil. The second is the battle for power between the social classes; Browning explores this through the actions of the characters. The last is moral decay, which links in with the first key theme and is explored in the actions of the poem's narrator.
- Word count: 2227
Already from reading the basic outlines of the poems you can already see the anger of these two women that have been hurt by men. The poem Havisham is structured in four unrhymed stanzas. The idea of the first stanza is about her intent on planning revenge. It gets the reader into the poem and knowing what it is going to be about. In the second and third stanzas the poem is describing us about her life and state of mind.
- Word count: 2787
The rhythm in 'Porphyria's Lover' is ababb however in 'My Last Duchess' it is abab. 'Porphyria's Lover' tells the story of a man who obsesses over his lover (Porphyria) who is of a higher class than him. Eventually this leads to him killing her to make her his forever. "And, stooping", this is ambiguous and could mean that she is stooping to someone of a lower class or that she is physically stooping to his level. This along with "glided in Porphyria" indicates that Porphyria is from a higher class than her lover. Porphyria is also a married woman.
- Word count: 702
Robert Browning usually wrote about the darker side of human nature. He showed us how love is not just full of happiness but also sadness and horror. Robert browning was a master of dramatic monologue and used them to show the darker side of human nature. In all three poems love is expressed in three different ways. In the poem The Laboratory jealous love is shown because the women is getting someone to make poison to kill her husband/boyfriend. "Soon, at the King's mere lozenge to give/and Pauline should have just thirty minutes to live!"
- Word count: 2158
The Renaissance freed men's from the hold of ascetic ideals, asserted the supremacy of reason, and induced men to take an artistic delight in the beauties of the world and the delights of the senses. But we must remember that with this glorifying of the body and the senses also went a passionate intellectual curiosity, a striving for widening the horizons of human knowledge. Like the painters of the Italian Renaissance, Browning too had no dislike for the body, its life, its beauty, power and charm.
- Word count: 1197
The Duke was quite demanding of the Duchess and "gave commands; then all the smiles stopped together. There she stands as if alive". This gives the reader the impression that the Duke didn't appreciate the fact that his Duchess did not enjoy getting commands, and due to her reaction towards the commands, he got the Duchess killed. From the Dukes actions taken towards the Duchess the reader can tell the Duke feels quite bitter towards his last Duchess for what she has or has not done. And by looking at who the quotation was said to, (maybe a messenger from the father of the Dukes next Duchess), the reader sees that the Duke is being clever and giving the messenger a hint that his future Duchess shouldn't mess the Duke around.
- Word count: 1302
His translation was cold and unfeeling, due to the loss of his true love. This translation is very central to the play's meaning, because the realtionship between Millie and Andrew are mirrored by that of Agammemnon and Clymenstra. This plot of the 'Agamemnon' is almost identical to the play "The Browning Version", Agamemnon happens to be the favourite tale of the main character, Andrew Crocker-Harris. Crocker- Harris plays the role of a classics teacher at a school. He is first introduced to the play, by other main characters, which discuss his odd sense of humour and a strange commitment to the school.
- Word count: 1223
This shows that Porphyria is responsible for the chain of events that are about to take place which shows that the sexuality portrayed is condemned which will lead to the death of her and the happiness of both of them. The social/historical events that we learn about from Porphyria's Lover is that he is abnormally possessive, passionate and obsessive. From these characteristics we can see that he is one of the characters which are possessive and the other is Prophyria by that she is passionate and obsessive.
- Word count: 2657
Compare and contrast Robert Browning's dramatic monologues 'My Last Duchess and 'Porphyria's Lover', by examining the way that the characters speaking in each poem are revealed
Browning explioted the ancient curiosity in the dignity of man and his perfection through his poetry by showing flaws, placing fiction above reality and revealing the unknown intentions of two extreme examples of the male quest for power. In 'Porphyria's Lover,' Browning shows the lengths that people can go to, to prolong something that is dear to them, and in effect stop the pressures that time and society can bear; taking a hold and having lasting effect on someone's life.
- Word count: 3227
It also shows that the poem is written in present tense creating a sense of immediacy. The repetition of the word "laugh" shows the writers enthusiasm towards the reader's perception of the speaker as emotionally distraught. The poem 'Education for leisure' also used a dramatic persona. This appears to be a murderer: 'Today I am going to kill something' This demonstrates that the poem is written in present tense to give it a sense of danger, because crime could occur at any given moment.
- Word count: 660
Fictional Coursework Base On MY LAST DUCHESS By Robert Browning (1812-1889) Set After Four years of their Marriage
Every time he offers me wine, my emotions tell me the wine is poisoned. Whenever we have supper together, I wonder if the food is poisonous as if I were on the edge of my life. Being in that gloomy atmosphere in his huge, dark dinning hall makes me feel nerves, both towards my husband and this place. If I had a second choice, I would rather not know anything about his previous wife, their relationship, nothing at all. However, God, you have designed my path for me.
- Word count: 976
Compare and contrast, My Last Duchess and Porphyria's Lover commenting on content, style and form. What do they reveal about attitudes to women and relationships in the Nineteenth Century
In "My Last Duchess", obviously it is the fact that Duke Ferrara had killed the Duchess deliberately. The main theme amongst the poems is how men treated women. Robert Browning lived in the time of the Victorian Period where men had a lot of power and control over women so that could be where he had the inspiration to write these poems. Women then were looked down at and their life achievements were limited to having a family and looking after it. The Duke and Porphyria's Lover both show jealousy as they want total control over their wives and want to be sure they can't fall for another man.
- Word count: 1329
However he feels she does not appreciate it "as if she ranked My gift... With anybody's gift" The counts magnificent pride is also illustrated through his enthusiasm for the painting of his duchess. This is why he makes a point of telling the counts representative the history of it and asks him to stop and look at it "Will't please you sit and look at her?". From the Dukes title we can straight away see that he is a very powerful man, secondly we notice he was not scared to confess he had his wife killed: "I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together".
- Word count: 1748
When the narrator realises that he could never have her for real, he strangles her with her own hair after she says that she loves him. Pathetic Fallacy gives us a good idea of the mood of the poem. "The rain set early into night, the sullen wind was soon awake, it tore from the elm tops down for spite, and did its worse to vex the lake." Straight away this gives the reader a picture of an unsettled atmosphere, and also expresses the narrators mood as quite dark and disturbed. Porphyria also has a strong effect on the narrator.
- Word count: 1619
This would make confirm anyone's beliefs that she is mad, as anyone who can talk about how much they feel shattered and live like it's the end of the world, and still think people believe she is strong have completely lost their mind. She feels completely trapped and is nervous wreck. Havisham shows madness in many ways, firstly by the use of tautology which creates a rambling effect 'full length, her, myself, who did this to me'. The pace picks up at these points, which reinforces the rambling.
- Word count: 3495
A Toccata of Galuppi's' is a dramatic monologue by Robert Browning in which the persona is critical of Galuppi's music. As Galuppi plays his somber toccata and expresses contempt for the decadent lifestyle that his listeners seem to lead
Indeed, the poem carries with it a heavy warning of why we shouldn't waste our lives immersed in frivolity. This message is delivered by Galuppi's toccata to those dancing to his music. As the music's sobriety hits them and they contemplate the inevitability of death, Browning communicates to us his critical views on the sense of corruption and decay that urban lifestyles increasingly embody. Yet the persona, who is the prime focus of dramatic monologues, contradicts Galuppi's message, and the poem's structure accentuates this contradiction. The structure is actually one of the most interesting parts of the poem, because a rigid trochaic octameter with fifteen perfect tersest is definitely a tall task.
- Word count: 963