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GCSE: Arthur Conan Doyle
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I quote Holmes: "You have a grand gift of silence, Watson. It makes you quite invaluable as my companion. Pon my word, it is a great thing for me to have someone to talk to, for my own thoughts are not ever pleasant." Holmes values Watson's companionship and this is a rare example of Holmes stating it. Another quote would be: "May I of assistance Holmes?" Watson asks, Holmes replies "Your presence may be invaluable." Watson then says "Then I shall certainly come!". Watson enjoys working with Holmes. I quote Watson: "For I myself was regular in my habits".
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Another way Conan Doyle creates tension is at the end of Chapter Five with Holmes saying "about sending you. It's an ugly business, watson, an ugly dangerous business, and the more I see of it the less I like it" which is used to create a thought of danger ahead, and it is a cliff-hanger at the end of one instalment so the reader would go out and buy the next one. The dialogue of Watson and Holmes at the beginning of Chapter Six shows tension first by Holmes disagreeing to eliminate the Barrymore couple from enquiries and suspicion and a lot later on as well when Holmes says "you have arms, I suppose?"
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Yet again Holmes solved the mystery whereas the hapless police had blindly stumbled to the wrong conclusion. The setting Conan Doyle chose fits in well with the plot to make an altogether eerie and sinister story. The story is obviously Victorian; set between the years of 1837 and 1901 which were the Queen's reign. These 64 years were a time of invention and progress and many aspects of life were different at the dawn of the 20th century compared to when Victoria came to the throne.
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At the time of the publication of Sherlock Holmes the publication of Darwin's On the Origin of Species was shaking Victorian religious beliefs, as natural history at the time was dominated by creationism and the influence of the church. The church who saw their science as God revealing his plan and the reaction that was that without Creation showing love, humanity would suffer and be damaged. The whole theory of 'Men from Monkeys' gave rise to fantasies and an increase in crime that had a ripple effect all over Victorian England.
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Conan Doyle got much of the inspiration for the book from real-life people and places. When in Cromer on a golfing holiday with Fletcher Robinson he first heard the legend of the 'Black Shuck', a ghostly hound which allegedly roamed the Norfolk coast. This fired his imagination so much that the two men spent time exploring Dartmoor the following month. It is thought that 'Hound Tor' also acted as inspiration to the novel. Conan Doyle soon realised the need for Sherlock Holmes in this story and therefore brought him back.
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It is still a mystery to us all and she is greatly missed. Those words will forever haunt me recurring eternally in my head: "Oh, my God! Helen! It was the band! The speckled band!" I clarified that dreadful night and where we were and what time it was, precise to detail as he specifically asked. He was intrigued and confused about the things I mentioned. Just to name a few: the whistling, the ventilator, the bell pull and the 'speckled band?'
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Crime was far more prevalent in Victorian London and was considered a way of life and a form of income; the misty, dense smog, paired with the eerie flicker of the gas lamps providing the perfect cover for criminals. Police levels on the streets were minimal and the Police force was shadowed by corruption across the force. It was far from the wide paved streets of today, with narrow cobbled streets and dark and poorly lit alleyways. Sherlock Holmes was a man of prosperity and wealth.
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Watson always followed Holmes' instructions. He found it "difficult to refuse any of Sherlock Holmes's requests for they were always so exceedingly definite, and put forward with such a quiet air of mastery". We see that Watson is a practising Doctor in 'The Adventures of Sherlock Homes'. A patient called to see Watson in "The Man With A Twisted Lip" and "it was not the first time that she had spoken of her husband's trouble, to me as a doctor...".
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The Alex Cross series by James Patterson contain the main detective, Alex Cross, and his foil Sampson. In the hound of the Baskervilles there is Holmes and his foil, Watson. There is always a seemingly perfect crime. In the hound of the Baskervilles there is the murder of Sir Charles Baskerville which is seemingly perfect. In the Alex Cross book, along came a spider, the kidnap of 2 celebrity kids is the seemingly perfect crime. However justice almost always prevails, meaning that the culprit/s in both books are caught, but in along came a spider only one child survives the ordeal, meaning justice didn't prevail entirely.
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It gets described also as a 'fine apartment' showing that it is scary because of what it is thought to represent (the curse of the Baskervilles) but it is actually a lovely house. The thing that really makes the mansion scary is the fact that the author does not describe it as a big run down haunted mansion, it is actually a very nice house but with a dark and eerie atmosphere because of the past and the authors subtle comments make it seem scarier such as 'a dull light shone through heavy mullioned windows' because there is nothing specifically
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but the villain was a rough mean murderer, the reader would lose interest, however if the story was set in a grimy, wet, cold and dark part of London the story would fit with the crime that was committed whether murder or theft. In Sherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle uses the setting of his stories to demonstrate and amplify the danger and roughness of Holmes adventures and to tie in with the way the villain acts in the stories they appear in.
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What Do You Think There Is To Interest The Reader In The Sherlock Holmes(TM) Stories And Why Do You Think This Interest Has Been Maintained In Conan Doyle(TM)s Writing For Over A Century?
The mystery is portrayed taking several different angles into the stories. The most common frame of mystery is the person who appears at the beginning of the story asking for help: "A lady dressed in black and heavily veiled, who had been sitting in the window rise as we entered," this quote from "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" is similar to quotes found in many of Conan Doyle's other stories, dark figures, hiding identities and appearing at inconvenient times of the day are all aspects that regularly play part in the opening of the story.
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Discuss the two Sherlock Holmes stories and say which you think is the more effective detective story
Closely linked with this is the fact that the ending has to be a surprise to the reader. Again, the reader will feel let down if this is not the case and the answer becomes clear part-way through. A surprise makes the reader feel as if the story was worth reading as they get a feeling of understanding as they realise how the clues fit together. This surprise, however, must fit all of the clues given previously. To make a detective story even better, the author will build up an atmosphere through use of interesting language and dialogue, giving the story a sense of mystery.
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We know he does not care about how other people see him and possibly enjoys being the 'terror of the village' having 'no friends at all, save the wandering gypsies'. The way he speaks show confidence as he believes that he induces fear as he tells Sherlock to 'keep out of my grip'. His actions speak louder than words though as he is a very violent and 'often uncontrollable in his anger'. This is shown when he 'hurled the local blacksmith'.
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When Helen says "It is not cold which makes me shiver" and "It is terror". This builds up the idea of the story as then she begins to tell Holmes about her problem. By noticing how she is terrified and telling Holmes about the mystery she is facing, we automatically find that we are dealing with a murder mystery genre. The way Holmes observes everything Miss Stoner does shows he is a very clever man and leads you to think she has come to him for him to solve her mystery, this gives us the idea he is a detective, further convincing us that there is a mystery to be solved.
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The novel is packed full of suspense as it was originally serialised in instalments in 'The Strand Magazine'. These episodic portions were published in the magazine each week and to make the reader part with the cash that would buy him next weeks copy, suspense was used, as each week the novel ended on a 'cliff-hanger' An example of this suspense is when Dr James Mortimer is explaining what he observed in the aftermath of Sir Charles Baskervilles death. He says to Sherlock Homes in a faint voice that he found "the footprints of a gigantic hound!"
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"Whatever your reasons may be, you are perfectly correct," said she." This ability leaves the reader in complete awe and amazement; this is reflected by the other characters. The Sherlock Holmes stories were originally published in The Strand magazine towards the end of the nineteenth century, where they became extremely popular, with a monthly circulation of over half a million copies each month. Most of the success of the stories is attributable to the fact that many of the concerns and issues raised in the stories were shared by the audience of the time; for instance: Holmes opinion of the
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Holmes also estimates a right age for the owner of the walking stick. The reader is now probably amazed by Holmes' correct calculations. He makes gentle fun of Watson because of his wrong conclusions, but at the same time, he thanks Watson for his reconstruction of Dr. Mortimer. Section 2 A lot of the success of the Hound of the Baskervilles comes from the hero-Sherlock Holmes. Sherlock Holmes is a character that lives an odd sort of life. He's eccentric and almost un-human. An example of his eccentricity is that he sometimes stays up all night, thus waking up late. Also, Dr. Mortimer, a phrenologist, spots that Holmes' skull has a strange shape.
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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote sixty stories about Sherlock Holmes. He wrote four novels and fifty six short stories of which Dr Watson narrates all but four of them. The stories were set at the time when they were written and covered a period from around 1878 up to 1903, during Queen Victoria's reign and quickly became extremely popular. One of the main reasons that the character of Sherlock Holmes was so popular was because he always solved the crimes similar to those that the readers were reading about and seeing for themselves in their everyday life.
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Holmes adores a challenge and is willingly enough to accept. Holmes is well educated and of a high social class, and therefore his attitude to the law could be said to be 'snobbish'. I can support this as in the story 'Silver Blaze', Holmes remarks: "I follow my own methods, and tell as much or as little as I choose." This is rather 'snobbish' as he is doing as he wants and putting himself above the law on what he determines they should and not know on the situation. He is then depriving the law on what they are committed to as Holmes is in the way of trying to understand the case.
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Compare the way the authors of "The Red Room", "The Old Nurse's Story", and "The Man with the Twisted Lip" create tension and suspense
We discover that a man who believes "that it would take a very tangible ghost to frighten" him is going to spend the night in this room to try and prove that there are no ghosts in the room. At the end of the story we are told that there were no ghosts in the room but instead "fear that will not have light nor sound that will not bear with reason, that deafens and darkens and overwhelms" is what the man discovered in the room.
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Henceforth, now they are world famous. His first story was called a study in scarlet; this was a big hit for the people of England. Also when the strand magazine published these they got an artist called Sidney Paget to do the illustrations to complete the stories. In total Doyle wrote four novels and fifty-six short stories. His "supposed" last story was The Final Problem written in 1895. In 902 He wrote The Hound of the Baskervilles but fans were not pleased by only one more story (this was wrote before the death of Holmes).
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He also saw a milk bowl in Dr Roylott's room which he found quite suspicious as they didn't have a cat but had a cheetah and a baboon outside, he also found a curled dog-lead which was also very suspicious as they didn't have a dog. After this Sherlock Holmes had come to a conclusion but didn't tell Helen or Watson what it was, instead he asked whether Helen could stay in her room (as she was staying in her sisters room as there was building work going on in hers)
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The legend began when Hugo Baskerville died. The night he died he attempted to rape a maiden and she escaped. Hugo decided to set his hounds on the maiden. He mysteriously died and the hound was to blame. This creates gothic sensations such as a supernatural being and ill treatment of women, which both are included in gothic literature. The settings and atmosphere were very important in gothic novels. 'The Hound of the Baskervilles' is set on a mysteriously forbidding moor.
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"Stared" shows he is admiring the scenery while "eagerly" puts emphasis on how he wants to see more and is keen to take everything in of the Devonshire countryside. As they travel through and beyond the countryside the mood of the passengers begin to change as Young Baskerville starts explaining "his fathers death", this sets a depressive mood/atmosphere which is later matched up with the outside scenery. "His father" sets a chilling mood, as the readers know that his father carried a curse, also "death" sets a depressing mood and reminds everyone of the case and takes them away from the lush countryside.
- Word count: 1973