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GCSE: Arthur Conan Doyle
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On the other hand women were seen as not intelligent and over emotional. Mrs St. Clair, a character form 'The Man with the Twisted Lip', has just seen her husband at a window: "Mrs St. Clair had fainted at the sight of blood upon the window". The fact that she had "fainted" indicates the Victorian manner and stereotype that all women are over emotional and this also indirectly shows that men are able to handle such situations and women are too weak to do so. Another piece of evidence which verifies the Victorian mentality of over emotional women is a quote from 'The Speckled Band': "I have been waiting doe eagerly for you...
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Watson; they became the perfect duo, and became extremely favoured. There was even public outcry when Sir Arthur successfully 'Killed Off' Mr. Holmes in a tragic sequence of events, which led to his re-introduction and continuing of the original series. But the key part of an exciting Novel; that made the Speckled Band so particularly popular is the build up of tension, and the pace and development of the storyline, with the subtle regular additions of mystery, this 'plan' is used commonly in most of the books in the Sherlock Holmes Sequence.
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Sherlock Holmes - Explain what is revealed about life and beliefs in Victorian Britain in at least two stories by Arthur Conan Doyle.
The Victorians held the class system in very high regard and had a fairly precise ideal for what a gentleman of the time should be like. A Victorian gentleman would have been polite and honest as well as being brave and reliable. They needed to appear respectable wearing the fashionable clothes of the time e.g. a waistcoat; as this was a sign of how wealthy you were because a reasonably high income was an important part of being a gentlemen of the time, as was being quite intelligent, because they gave the impression of having a good background.
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Unlike in the stories of Sherlock Holmes or "CSI crime" "The bill" uses more then one detective just like in Sherlock Holmes. Another detective story based on the stories of Sherlock Holmes is the TV series called "Colombo" who is a homicide detective and is very cunning just like Sherlock Holmes. Colombo however unlike other modern detectives is a very unconventional detective because when he's on a case he acts very senseless and seems as though he isn't a very good detective, however towards the end he solves the murder very cunningly.
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hold his tongue about the lucrative job, the reader would be suspicious of this, earning such a large amount of money for a relatively short amount of work , Lysander Stark said that he would pay Hatherly 50 guineas a incredibly large amount at the time, most readers would not earn this in a month and Hatherly was being offered this for 1 nights work, this would add to the suspicion felt towards Stark and also builds up tension. Hatherley felt unsure whether to take this work, however he chose to take the job and he was short of money and as he had had very little work recently.
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In "The Speckled Band" a woman named Helen Stoner visits Sherlock Holmes because of the death of her sister. Her death had something to do with Dr. Roylott, Helens stepfather. Helen Stoner tells Sherlock Holmes about her sister's last words, which were "The Speckled Band". Helen Stoner heard whistles, which is what her sister had heard before she died, that is what drove her to seeing Sherlock Holmes. Dr. Roylott threatens Sherlock Holmes and tells him not to meddle with his business. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson go to Stoke Moran and explore the bedrooms that they sleep in to look for clues.
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Discuss the character of Holmes, the construction of the stories and why the stories were and are so popular
Shortly afterwards Holmes declares this himself when his client Helen Stoner admits she can only reward him in a few months time; "As to reward, my profession is its own reward." Although he does require Helen to pay for any expense occurred during the case; "but you are at liberty to defray whatever expenses I may be put to, at the time which suits you best." I believe since Holmes does not accept (mostly) money as a payment to his practice, he does not have any money to pay for the expenses.
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What is is about the character of Sherlock Holmes that a Victorian Readership found so endearing, and how can you account for his continuing success?
At the time when the stories were written and set, Britain was in a strong capitalist age. Trade and industry were booming, making landowners, industrialists and the wealthy even richer. But along with wealth came poverty, and the poor people of Victorian Britain suffered greatly. Thousands of people (often giving up everything they owned) moved to industrial towns and cities from the country looking for work and the chance of being better off. London was seen as a city of dreams, where every man could earn well. "The streets of London are paved with gold" was a belief that gave many people hope.
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He doesn't encounter love, as he feels it will interfere with his job, and cloud his judgement in a role which he sees as being vital within the area he lived. Holmes relationship with Watson is very similar to that of Inspector Morse who was described as often miserable and cranky; he would rather drink beer than talk to you. Middle-aged with white hair, he enjoys opera and classical music. Holmes uses Watson as an accessory rather than an assistant, but I think deep down, there is a slight element of real friendship.
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Most gothic story lines comprise of a vicious, evil male who is abusive towards innocent, helpless females. Arthur Conan Doyle's " The Hound of the Baskervilles" contains many of these features of gothic literature therefore I would class it as a piece of gothic literature. As already mentioned gothic novelists usually give a negative depiction of the landscape. The landscapes featured in the novels are normally described as hostile and grim. The depressing and dreary landscape that is a feature of gothic novels is also apparent in Arthur Conan Doyle's "The Hound of the Baskervilles." Chapter 6 of "The Hound of the Baskervilles" features the first detailed description of the landscape, when Sir Henry Baskerville is traveling across the moors for the first time to arrive at Baskerville Hall.
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Because of this the public was interested in crime. Readers were middle class people who had an education, not the poor this is shown in the language and the way the characters dress. A detective fiction story must have a detective in it to solve a crime, which could be a murder, a disappearance or a theft and the detectives function is to gather clues that will eventually lead to the person who did it. This person leaves clues in the form of finger prints, footprints and more, some of these clues can be red herrings, these are false clues that can lead the detective off the scent, as in "The Speckled Band" and "The Man with the twisted lip".
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Why was Conan Doyle's "the hound of the Baskervilles" such a success in Victorian times as well as today?
He would tell them details of their past life; and hardly would he ever make a mistake.' Conan Doyle dedicated 'The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes' to Dr Bell, who gave credit to the author for Sherlock Holmes's genius. 'The Hound of the Baskervilles' is still today one of the main novels associated with Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes as well as 'A Study in Scarlet.' The reasons for 'A Study in Scarlet' being such a success are that the reader is never left guessing, because there is never a missing a link.
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In "The speckled band", I could not figure out how Dr Roylott's daughter died or what might have killed her. My guess revolved around the matchbox, and the chimney, though not all of it was correct. As I read on, I made my second guess, which was that it had somewhat to do with the ventilator which opened in from Dr Grimsby Roylott's room and had a link to what might have killed her. When I finished reading my second guess was accurate.
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To what extent are the three/four stories we have investigated typical murder mystery or detective stories? (The Speckled Band, The Man with the Twisted Lip, A Scandal in Bohemia and The Final Problem)
Gradually more and more clues are revealed until the detective catches the villain (climax). With Sherlock Holmes stories, Sherlock usually reveals exactly how he caught the villain putting all the clues together for the readers to understand (end). I will also cover the narrative, presentation of detectives and historical and social issues at the time of the stories. All the novels we have studied have been written in 1st person narrative, however not by Sherlock Holmes but by Dr Watson. This is not what I had expected but I think it works. Sherlock Holmes often confides in Dr Watson so we feel part of their detective team through Dr Watson.
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Charles Dickens wrote the signal man in a time when The steam engine was a relatively new creation and because it was not so well understood by the general public this could have added to peoples fear. Because of Dickens's personal encounter with trains and a train accident where ten people were killed. The story is fuled, in my opinion by his distrust of the railway and modern technology as well as an understanding of the what the public at the time wanted in a story.
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What are the Key elements of the early crime fiction genre as exemplified by Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes short stories?
Yet the novel that really boosted his writing credibility was 'Tangled Skein' which characters Sheridan Hope and Ormond Slacker. These names were later revised to Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson featuring in the story 'A Study in Scarlet.' In complete contrast to the character of Sherlock, Conan Doyle was fascinated by the paranormal and even wrote a spiritualistic book later on in his career. He had 5 children, 2 from his first marriage, Mary and Kingsley and 3 from his second marriage, Jean, Denis and Adrian. His short stories featured in 'Strand' magazine from 1891-1927, a common form of publication at the time, other authors such as Charles Dickens had stories published in there too.
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This is probably his only flaw, in a way it makes him more real and human meaning that he would be easier to relate to and have faith in. Despite the fact that a number of detective stories were written well into the nineteenth century by other authors such as Edgar Allen Poe and Wilkie Collins, only a few are still read and studied today, Arthur Conan Doyle's stories are an example of Victorian literature which is still popular today.
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How did writers of nineteenth century short stories create and maintain a sense of mystery for their readers
In the fifth paragraph we see our first use of speech which builds up a climax of terror in the Emperor. '"Who's there?' Cried the Emperor, seizing his pistols. "Speak or I'll blow your brains out."' This shows that the Emperor is frightened and is trying to threaten the person away. The writer really builds up a dramatic climax with a short paragraph which gives suspense. 'Short, sharp laugh'. This shows that the spectre is mocking the Emperor's threat to try and intimidate him; he is unbothered by the Emperor's attempt to scare him away.
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In those days females were regarded as weak so that is why Conan Doyle used a woman. The complication is that Holmes has to quickly find out what happened to Julia, her last words 'The speckled band' is given as a clue. (Julia Stoner's body can go under the event of forensic pathology, idea has been dated). The climax is when Holmes and Watson continue to search the room and they hear the strange whistle, here the reader tries to solve the crime themselves using the clues given. However the resolution is that soon enough Holmes figures out it was the snake that had killed Julia and deduces that Dr Roylott was responsible for Julia's death.
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To what extent are chapters 5 and 6 of Doyle's Hound of the Baskervilles representative of the novel as a whole?
Carr told him the stories about ghost hounds and headless riders which encouraged Doyle to write the novel at hand. The story circles around the tale of the horrible curse that has plagued the Baskervilles. The notorious Sherlock Holmes along with his partner John Watson are called in by Dr James Mortimer to solve the case when Sir Charles Baskerville dies of 'fright' brought about by the Hound. By the help of the doctor, a close friend of Sir Charles, Holmes and Watson are told about the Hound and conclude whether it is old folklore or reality.
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She ran up the wooden staircase, her hand brushing along the ornate handrail, her long skirt sweeping against the red-carpet flooring
The young man sat opposite him, the blazing fire to his left. "My name," he said, "is Edward Peterson. I have called you here to investigate a murder. At least, I believe it to be murder. Rose says that I'm crazy, that it must be natural causes, or suicide perhaps, but Mother was only in her fifties, and why would she want to commit suicide? Oh, Rose is probably right, I'm being over-anxious, like always, but I do want you to investigate the case.
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The detective performs a key role in the story and provides hope to the reader, especially in the time when Sherlock Holmes was written. Victorian life was hard, law-less and dangerous and especially in London. In every story Conan Doyle
Holmes' precise and accurate conclusions are processed through an intricate and thorough method. When Conan Doyle introduces a distracting factor which might throw a doubt upon all Holmes mental abilities we see that Holmes is so involved in his methods that the slightest emotional change could tip him over to the wrong conclusion. Holmes' highly tuned and accurate mind is such that if anything dramatically changed, or was altered, it would change the entire outlook upon the crime. 'grit in a sensitive instrument, or crack in one of his high power lenses would not be more disturbing than a strong
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It shows how the relationship between an oppressive husband and his submissive wife pushes her from depression into insanity. At first she does not like the room and its horrid wallpaper but soon she becomes intrigued by its patterns and what lurks behind them. The third story "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" is a typical murder-mystery story. Sherlock Holmes is presented with a baffling set of circumstances from which he deduces the facts and reveals the villain. All three stories are common in that they are written in the first person singular. This has the effect of engaging the reader and making him feel part of the unfolding tale. Conan-Doyle uses this technique in writing 'The Speckled Band'.
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(who is the creator of the famous characters Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson's detective adventures) He tells this strange, dramatic story, which he believes, had been told more than once in the newspapers - to stress how significant this mysterious account was. The following quotation is the paragraph introducing the story:- 'One morning, at a little before seven o'clock, I was awakened by the maid tapping at the door, to announce that two men had come from Paddington, and were waiting in the consulting room. I dressed hurriedly, for I knew by experience that railway cases were seldom trivial, and hastened downstairs.
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How does Setting add to the atmosphere in the two Sherlock Holmes Stories - the Speckled Band and the Man with the Twisted Lip
While Miss Helen Stoner was telling Sherlock Holmes her dilemma, Sherlock Holmes says, "Mrs. Hudson has the good sense to light the fire" This sets off the atmosphere as being cosy and comfortable, because the fire has been lit, warmth and light is given off, where they all can relax a little now that the fire is providing warmth and light. It also gives off a masculine atmosphere because Holmes states that Mrs. Hudson had, "good sense to light the fire", as if he is trying to imply that it is odd that a woman has enough common sense to light the fire, as if he is belittling women.
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