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GCSE: Bram Stoker

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 5
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    How does Bram stoker manipulate audience response to Jonathan Harker and Dracula in his entopic novel?

    5 star(s)

    Jonathan also comes across as a very precise man as he notes the exact train times down, "should have arrived at 6:46, but the train was an hour late." Bram stoker also puts this across later in the chapter when other times are mentioned. By putting the exact time it emphasises how precise he is. He wants us to see Jonathan this way so that the audience think he is a trustable character, and believe what he is saying. Bram Stoker also portrays Jonathan as a very observant character.

    • Word count: 2315
  2. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent can thethree female characters in Bram Stoker's "Dracula" be compared to thetraditi

    4 star(s)

    Moral behaviour, and a feminine appearance were also aspects of a traditional Victorian ideal. As well as this, Victorian women were expected to be obedient and virtuous. However, in the late 1800's the Victorian ideal was being challenged, which better became known as the 'New Woman'. These new women were to be considered the feminists of the time, they rejected clothing that restricted their movement, like corsets and petticoats, and others even took to riding bicycles. All of these matters evolved into being a threat for the traditional way of Victorian life. In Bram Stoker's 'Dracula', Mina measures up fairly well as a traditional Victorian woman.

    • Word count: 1265
  3. Marked by a teacher

    "How does the multiple narrative structure affect the portrayal of Dracula and how is he shown to be an anti-hero?"

    4 star(s)

    This causes us to only hear a biased opinion of the events that took place. The book is mainly aimed at the British audience, we can see this because the many foreign characters that are in the story are not used in the book very much. This is because in Victorian society foreigners were looked down on by the English people. This is part of the reason why Dracula is portrayed badly because he is from Transylvania. The multi-narrative structure is used to make the story more believable and to make Dracula appear in the worst possible light, the multi-narrative affects how Dracula is portrayed because he has no narrative so we cannot see him from any other point of view apart from that of his enemies.

    • Word count: 1145
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Write about Chapter 1 of Bram Stoker's Dracula as an introduction to the rest of the novel.

    4 star(s)

    By giving this information Stoker presents a location for the castle of Dracula, in current day Romania. The date and place "3rd May Bistriz" also gives the reader a clue to Jonathon's current whereabouts and when he wrote that particular entry. Jonathon then continues on to describe everywhere he sees in detail and all the countries he has experienced on his way to his final destination. As he has moved farther east, the country has become wilder and less modern.

    • Word count: 2111
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Dracula adapted by David Calcutt from the novel by Bram Stoker.

    4 star(s)

    He describes them as being "Bathed in a deep red light" and red is the colour of blood. It is also associated with evil and danger. In scene three after Jonathan has arrived at the castle and met Dracula, to convey horror, three hags are added. Adding the hags to the play provides a hypnotic element, like they have put Jonathan under a spell. They use figurative speech and metophorical language when they are talking. An example of this is "The scratch of the spiders leg over the floor." This is used to describe the hags voice. It doesn't really sound like that, it is probably a low rough sounding voice, but describing it like this gives it a supernatural effect.

    • Word count: 2232
  6. How does Bram Stoker use the conventions of Gothic literature in the Novel 'Dracula'?

    When Harker hears a "dog howling all night under" his "window", Stoker uses a new frightening suspense which helps build a superstition that he is being watched over or being warned. The next morning Harker sees "The strangest figures" who were the "Slovaks" as Harker describes them as "barbarian than the rest, with their big cow-boy hats, great baggy dirty-white trousers, white linen shirts, and enormous heavy leather belts, nearly a foot wide, all studded over with brass nails. They wore hight boots, with their trousers tucked into them, and had long black hair and heavy black moustaches."

    • Word count: 1369
  7. Dracula. How Does Bram Stoker Create an Atmosphere of Fear and Horror?

    Obliviously they are terrified of meeting the Count, because they know him to be a vampire. The coach part is the scariest part of the story. The driver I racing through the pitch dark night, they go in as fast as they can. They go flat out to get there before Dracula. The driver and passengers are clearly scared of meeting Dracula and this is passed onto Jonathan Harker. When I saw Dracula, the film and the book, I was not a bit scared, however in 1987, I could imagine the scene it caused especially Jack the Ripper on the run in London, some people were starting to think that vampires really did exist.

    • Word count: 1017
  8. In Bram Stokers novel, Dracula the science is outdone. The character of Jonathan Harker faces the fear of the unknown through out the novel.

    The character of Jonathan Harker faces the fear of the unknown through out the novel. In the 1800s an important period of the Victorian era took place. During this period Dracula was around and people often believed or read about him. One of the characters from that book Dracula was Jonathan Harker. The chapter begins with Jonathan's journey to Dracula's castle for a business deal. Jonathan records in his journal that, "It is the eve of St George's Day... tonight, when the clock strikes midnight, all the evil things in the world will have a sway" (12).

    • Word count: 688
  9. the significance of mina harker

    Mina on the other hand represented the more stereotypical role of a female in Victorian society, a caring mother. This is witnessed at the end of the novel where Mina is with her chid who is incidentally named after her male heroes which still illustrates the male influence over females. We might expect that Mina, who sympathizes with the boldly progressive "New Women" of England, would be doomed to suffer Lucy's fate as punishment for her progressiveness. Stoker instead fashions Mina into a goddess of conservative male fantasy. Though resourceful and intelligent enough to conduct the research that leads Van Helsing's crew to the count, Mina is far from a "New Woman" herself.

    • Word count: 576
  10. Van Helsing Dramatic Monologue- Dracula

    I cannot help but think... we could have done more. I know the others are looking to me for an answer, a plan... and I feel their hopes resting heavily on my shoulders. I must not crack or back down... I am far too deep in this now. When we barged down the door together last night I think we all knew, in our heart of hearts, what we were about to behold. I fell into the dear Lady's room on my hands and knees, after bursting through the doorway.

    • Word count: 726
  11. Dracula Appropriation

    This scene shows the evil in Dracula, and the absence of any human emotions. There is not only a fear of the monster, but being infected by the evil of the monster, emphasised by Van Helsing's line "we henceforth become foul things of the night like him". This shows that there is a fear in the power of the evil. In later appropriations, though, the monster is no longer seen as pure evil; rather the monster has more human emotions. In Coppola's 'Dracula', Coppola places the opening scene to show the creation of Dracula.

    • Word count: 1795
  12. Comparing the presentation of Harker in Dracula and Walton in Frankenstein

    Both Walton and Harker are shown to be erudite characters from the very start of their respective novels. Harker is shown to have a knowledge of several languages ('I found my smattering of German very useful here'), and Walton is shown to have a knowledge of both Homer and Shakespeare, as could only be expected of somebody of a relatively high intellect. This quality is further emphasised through the characters' use of both high register and foreign words, such as 'mamaliga' and 'impletata' (Harker), and 'celestial observations' (Walton).

    • Word count: 1159
  13. A comparison of how the media changes to suit Society in three Dracula posters.

    This is especially true when they want something to fear as the film draws them in. Audiences love the thought that maybe there are vampires and there is mystery and uncertainty about their existence. Three Dracula posters were compared, the Dracula posters; from 1931, 1992 and 2001 all have similarities and differences. In the 1931 poster the title font is 'shouting', bold title of 'Dracula', which catches the audience's attention. In contrast this he poster from 1992 has an interesting and cleverly chosen title being written in blood font to give the effect Dracula wrote it.

    • Word count: 1273
  14. What elements in the first six chapters make it clear that Dracula is in the gothic genre

    The weather in itself creates a scene of a gothic genre. There is a big storm approaching in chapter six and at the end of the chapter we get the very beginning of the storm. The weather was not easily explained at the time when 'Dracula' was written so this would give the reader unease and increase the fear. The Count participates greatly as an element of the gothic genre. His appearance is revolting and makes Harker 'shudder'. 'His eyebrows were very massive, almost meeting over the nose, and with bushy hair that seemed to curl in its own profusion.

    • Word count: 1312
  15. In his novel "Dracula", how does Bram Stoker use Gothic conventions to engage the reader?

    He seems like a person who despises happiness and loves everything sad and evil. He already seems like a suspicious being. An example of the counts inhumane qualities is, "He can, within limitations, appear at will when, and where and in any of the forms that are to him". This shows that the count isn't like any normal human being. He is very different and can do extraordinary things that normal human beings can never do. In Dracula the story is written in a form of diaries and letters.

    • Word count: 1417
  16. How effectively has the play text of Dracula been transformed into media texts?

    The symbols used in the media text are more obvious than in the play text this is because you can visualize them instead of imagining them. Symbols such as the crucifix, garlic and stake are known to ward of evil as mentioned before. The symbol "stake through heart" is used in media text and in film Dracula, where as in the film Van Helsing they use the myth that vampires should be bitten by werewolves to die. In the film Dracula by Bram Stoker the crucifix is being dropped ad smashed in to pieces this is blasphemy this instantly creates the image that they are going against Christian beliefs.

    • Word count: 671
  17. Remind yourself of the entry in Mina Harkers journal for 30th September, which concludes Chapter 17. How does this entry develop your view of Mina?

    We can really learn a lot about Mina's character from the contrast she makes with Lucy. There is a very famous saying that applies very much to these two characters: don't judge a book by its cover. Looks can be deceiving, and whilst Lucy evidently possesses more physical beauty, Mina's most significant strength, is her domesticity. Chapter 17 is an especially important chapter in this novel because the meeting between the Harkers and Lucy's friends is described in alternating diary entries, which allows the reader to simultaneously see what is going on in each of the characters heads.

    • Word count: 1051

    The novel begins with Jonathan Harker's Journal. Jonathan is an English solicitor engaged to Mina Murray. He reluctantly leaves behind Mina, and heads for Transylvania to help Dracula purchase a house in London. From the beginning, we see that Jonathan is still inexperienced. When he asks the driver if he knows Count Dracula, the driver and his wife say yes, and say nothing more. The reader is aware of the dangers that lay before Harker, but he is firm. He says in Chapter 1 when he is waiting for the driver 'I could hear a lot of words often repeated,

    • Word count: 1302
  19. I will support the aspects with examples from well-known Gothic related films such as 'Dracula', 'Vincent', 'Nosferatu', 'Frankenstein' and 'Sleepy Hollow'.

    A full moon would be out as an extra to give a bigger feel for the atmosphere. An example of this type of atmosphere is well shown in 'Frankenstein.' In the film 'Frankenstein' a storm takes place. It is very dramatic because the scientist was in need for his creation to come to life. It was very dark and there was a full moon out, which gave the atmosphere a more frightening feel. There was also suspense to whether the creation was going to come to life. Also the film 'Dracula' distinguishes a good atmosphere. In that film it was very dark and dingy.

    • Word count: 701
  20. ``How does Stoker manipulate language and form to create tension in chapter 3?

    Harker is still not sure if they were a figment of his dream or not. From the very beginning of the chapter, Harker seems to have found himslef in a very much more hostile environment then he was previously in as he has recently found himself in "a veritable prison" himslef as the "prisoner".

    • Word count: 512
  21. Chapter 7 of Brams Stoker's Dracula seems to be a pivotal chapter in the overall novel due to the arrival of Dracula on to Whitby. The chapter is split up into three different sections each from a different viewpoint and

    The story is never told from any sort of a narrative and this is seen clearly in the three examples in chapter 7. In the newspaper cut out, as soon as we read the first paragraph it is evident that Stoker is using his techniques which were used in previous chapters such as the vivid descriptions of the natural settings shown by the use of words such as 'beautiful', 'grand' and 'splendidly-coloured' to begin with and breaking it up by bringing in hints of menace in refrences made to the 'coming of a sudden storm' and the 'absolute blackness' as he did when Harker was describing his coach journey to the Count's castle.

    • Word count: 1002
  22. Discuss the role of sexuality in Dracula. What does the novel suggest about sexual behavior in Victorian England?

    From the very beginning the roles of men and women in Victorian society are made clear whether it be Mina's determination to help Harker, her husband, by learning shorthand and aiming to meet the expectations of the perfect Victorian wife. Or Lucy's question to Mina in chapter 5 in which she asks "Why can't they let a girl marry three men, or as many as want her, and save all this trouble?", this would have been seen as a very shocking thing for a reputable Victorian girl to say and shows the suppressed side of Lucy Westenra.

    • Word count: 1504
  23. Sexuality in Bram Stocker's Dracula Most critics agree that Dracula is, as much as anything else, a novel that indulges

    We see how Stoker is sympathetic towards the limitations placed upon women in the society, but he also does not see women as completely equal. The absence of total equality in "Dracula" shows a view point which is somewhere between Victorian standards of the 1890's and where we like to think we are today in the 21st Century. Roth states "Perhaps nowhere is the dichotomy of sensual and sexless women more dramatic than it is in Dracula and nowhere is the suddenly sexual woman more violently and self-righteously persecuted than in Stoker's thriller".3 Stoker's retaliation against the feminist ideal of the new woman is portrayed in the two main women in the novel.

    • Word count: 4084
  24. How And Why Have Representations Of Dracula Changed Over Time

    Bearing in mind that it was made so long ago, Nosferatu did not contain any dialogue and the subtitles where presented by: A Symphony of Horrors. In this representation of Dracula by Murnau, Nosferatu (i.e. Dracula) is represented in a stereotypical way. He is characterized as the epitome of evil; as evil incarnate. He is freakishly thin and tall, dressed in black clothing which connotes evil and unholy ness, his long hands and pale skin draw attention to his nocturnal and aberrant existence.

    • Word count: 1729
  25. How do you think the novel suggests conflict between "the old centuries" and "mere modernity"? Almost immediately in the novel Stoker emphasises Jonathan's discomfort towards his surroundings of Transylvania,

    However, it is the quote (above) referring to "the old centuries" and "mere modernity" which is exceptionally significant, presenting a key theme in the novel. Here, Jonathan voices one of the central concerns of the novel, and the overall Victorian society itself. The end of the nineteenth century brought with it developments that forced England to question the systems of belief that had governed it for centuries. Darwin's theory of evolution was an example of this, as it challenged many aspects of religion, a crucial element within the society.

    • Word count: 708

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Austen's use of the gothic in Northanger Abbey

    "In conclusion, it is evident that Austen wished to be unconventional in writing this novel and wanted the narrator to be the one to make the reader aware of the contrasts of conventional literature and "Northanger Abbey. The narrator and the method in which the story is told are the focus of the story. Although the narrator is not an actual character in the story her presence is known and her opinions are expressed and can be identified by the reader. Jane Austen provides her audience with an alternative form of literature by having a novel focus on how a story can be told as opposed to most novels which traditionally focus on the story itself. Cleverly, by using a likeable character that the implied reader can identify with and relate to, Austen is able to use this character as a model for her extraordinary comparison. 1 Shaw, Narelle. Free Indirect Speech and Jane Austen's 1816 revision of Northanger Abbey. London:Warner 1987. pg 571 2"

  • With close reference to at least three texts compare and contrast four characteristics of Gothic Horror which you consider to be effective.

    "The concept that the reactions of characters initiate more fear in the plot is heightened in 'The Monkey's Paw'. Although a repulsive description of Herbert is included, I find that the father's frightened reaction on even thinking of beholding his dead son is more effective in initiating fear in an audience: "he has been dead ten days, and besides he - I would not tell you else, but - I could only recognise him by his clothing. If he was too terrible for you to see then, how now?" "For God's sake, don't let it in" In 'The Monkey's Paw', the characters to not face the 'monster' and they do in Frankenstein, but I believe that the mystery of his appearance and intent is far more frightening than in Frankenstein. This proves that with a combination of many characteristics of horror, the best horror scene is created. I believe that the supernatural and superstition are best used in conjunction with other characteristics, such as fear of the unknown, extreme behaviour and weather. In Dracula, the supernatural and superstitions are emphasised by the extreme behaviour of the people around."

  • Discuss the relationship between sexuality and cruelty AND/OR or death in any TWO texts.

    "One of the main points I have argued in this essay, is that power and sexual cruelty prevail through conflict. My assertion in Dracula is that conflict is external to vampire existence, whereas in contrast, internal conflicts exist in Interview With The Vampire. Therefore in conclusion, it is essential to say that although both narratives are told in the first person, the viewpoints in the text are endorsed by use of opposing narrative strategies. In Dracula the text is narrated by mortals, therefore the reader is greatly influenced by the mortal perspective. Whilst in contrast, the narrative of Interview With The Vampire is recounted from a vampire's perspective. Accordingly then, Dracula and Interview With The Vampire, present the reader with a textual biased perspective. The narrators present their own ideologies relating to power and sexual cruelty projecting their own identities and environment. As Michel Foucault argues: 'We must conceptualize the deployment of sexuality on the basis of the techniques of power that are contemporary with it (Foucault p.150). Therefore, sexuality and cruelty, operate by reflecting the personal, political and social opinions of their narrators. Consequently, Dracula reflects mortal ethics, in contrast to Interview With The Vampire, which through a single narrative is unmistakably opinionated but applies vampiric reasoning."

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