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GCSE: Bram Stoker

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 5
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent can thethree female characters in Bram Stoker's "Dracula" be compared to thetraditi

    4 star(s)

    Moral behaviour, and a feminine appearance were also aspects of a traditional Victorian ideal. As well as this, Victorian women were expected to be obedient and virtuous. However, in the late 1800's the Victorian ideal was being challenged, which better became known as the 'New Woman'. These new women were to be considered the feminists of the time, they rejected clothing that restricted their movement, like corsets and petticoats, and others even took to riding bicycles. All of these matters evolved into being a threat for the traditional way of Victorian life. In Bram Stoker's 'Dracula', Mina measures up fairly well as a traditional Victorian woman.

    • Word count: 1265
  2. Marked by a teacher

    "How does the multiple narrative structure affect the portrayal of Dracula and how is he shown to be an anti-hero?"

    4 star(s)

    This causes us to only hear a biased opinion of the events that took place. The book is mainly aimed at the British audience, we can see this because the many foreign characters that are in the story are not used in the book very much. This is because in Victorian society foreigners were looked down on by the English people. This is part of the reason why Dracula is portrayed badly because he is from Transylvania. The multi-narrative structure is used to make the story more believable and to make Dracula appear in the worst possible light, the multi-narrative affects how Dracula is portrayed because he has no narrative so we cannot see him from any other point of view apart from that of his enemies.

    • Word count: 1145
  3. How does Bram Stoker use the conventions of Gothic literature in the Novel 'Dracula'?

    When Harker hears a "dog howling all night under" his "window", Stoker uses a new frightening suspense which helps build a superstition that he is being watched over or being warned. The next morning Harker sees "The strangest figures" who were the "Slovaks" as Harker describes them as "barbarian than the rest, with their big cow-boy hats, great baggy dirty-white trousers, white linen shirts, and enormous heavy leather belts, nearly a foot wide, all studded over with brass nails. They wore hight boots, with their trousers tucked into them, and had long black hair and heavy black moustaches."

    • Word count: 1369
  4. Dracula. How Does Bram Stoker Create an Atmosphere of Fear and Horror?

    Obliviously they are terrified of meeting the Count, because they know him to be a vampire. The coach part is the scariest part of the story. The driver I racing through the pitch dark night, they go in as fast as they can. They go flat out to get there before Dracula. The driver and passengers are clearly scared of meeting Dracula and this is passed onto Jonathan Harker. When I saw Dracula, the film and the book, I was not a bit scared, however in 1987, I could imagine the scene it caused especially Jack the Ripper on the run in London, some people were starting to think that vampires really did exist.

    • Word count: 1017
  5. Dracula Appropriation

    This scene shows the evil in Dracula, and the absence of any human emotions. There is not only a fear of the monster, but being infected by the evil of the monster, emphasised by Van Helsing's line "we henceforth become foul things of the night like him". This shows that there is a fear in the power of the evil. In later appropriations, though, the monster is no longer seen as pure evil; rather the monster has more human emotions. In Coppola's 'Dracula', Coppola places the opening scene to show the creation of Dracula.

    • Word count: 1795
  6. Comparing the presentation of Harker in Dracula and Walton in Frankenstein

    Both Walton and Harker are shown to be erudite characters from the very start of their respective novels. Harker is shown to have a knowledge of several languages ('I found my smattering of German very useful here'), and Walton is shown to have a knowledge of both Homer and Shakespeare, as could only be expected of somebody of a relatively high intellect. This quality is further emphasised through the characters' use of both high register and foreign words, such as 'mamaliga' and 'impletata' (Harker), and 'celestial observations' (Walton).

    • Word count: 1159
  7. A comparison of how the media changes to suit Society in three Dracula posters.

    This is especially true when they want something to fear as the film draws them in. Audiences love the thought that maybe there are vampires and there is mystery and uncertainty about their existence. Three Dracula posters were compared, the Dracula posters; from 1931, 1992 and 2001 all have similarities and differences. In the 1931 poster the title font is 'shouting', bold title of 'Dracula', which catches the audience's attention. In contrast this he poster from 1992 has an interesting and cleverly chosen title being written in blood font to give the effect Dracula wrote it.

    • Word count: 1273
  8. What elements in the first six chapters make it clear that Dracula is in the gothic genre

    The weather in itself creates a scene of a gothic genre. There is a big storm approaching in chapter six and at the end of the chapter we get the very beginning of the storm. The weather was not easily explained at the time when 'Dracula' was written so this would give the reader unease and increase the fear. The Count participates greatly as an element of the gothic genre. His appearance is revolting and makes Harker 'shudder'. 'His eyebrows were very massive, almost meeting over the nose, and with bushy hair that seemed to curl in its own profusion.

    • Word count: 1312
  9. In his novel "Dracula", how does Bram Stoker use Gothic conventions to engage the reader?

    He seems like a person who despises happiness and loves everything sad and evil. He already seems like a suspicious being. An example of the counts inhumane qualities is, "He can, within limitations, appear at will when, and where and in any of the forms that are to him". This shows that the count isn't like any normal human being. He is very different and can do extraordinary things that normal human beings can never do. In Dracula the story is written in a form of diaries and letters.

    • Word count: 1417
  10. Remind yourself of the entry in Mina Harkers journal for 30th September, which concludes Chapter 17. How does this entry develop your view of Mina?

    We can really learn a lot about Mina's character from the contrast she makes with Lucy. There is a very famous saying that applies very much to these two characters: don't judge a book by its cover. Looks can be deceiving, and whilst Lucy evidently possesses more physical beauty, Mina's most significant strength, is her domesticity. Chapter 17 is an especially important chapter in this novel because the meeting between the Harkers and Lucy's friends is described in alternating diary entries, which allows the reader to simultaneously see what is going on in each of the characters heads.

    • Word count: 1051
  11. HOW FAR AND IN WHAT WAYS DOES 'DRACULA' BELONG TO THE GOTHIC TRADITION?

    The novel begins with Jonathan Harker's Journal. Jonathan is an English solicitor engaged to Mina Murray. He reluctantly leaves behind Mina, and heads for Transylvania to help Dracula purchase a house in London. From the beginning, we see that Jonathan is still inexperienced. When he asks the driver if he knows Count Dracula, the driver and his wife say yes, and say nothing more. The reader is aware of the dangers that lay before Harker, but he is firm. He says in Chapter 1 when he is waiting for the driver 'I could hear a lot of words often repeated,

    • Word count: 1302
  12. Chapter 7 of Brams Stoker's Dracula seems to be a pivotal chapter in the overall novel due to the arrival of Dracula on to Whitby. The chapter is split up into three different sections each from a different viewpoint and

    The story is never told from any sort of a narrative and this is seen clearly in the three examples in chapter 7. In the newspaper cut out, as soon as we read the first paragraph it is evident that Stoker is using his techniques which were used in previous chapters such as the vivid descriptions of the natural settings shown by the use of words such as 'beautiful', 'grand' and 'splendidly-coloured' to begin with and breaking it up by bringing in hints of menace in refrences made to the 'coming of a sudden storm' and the 'absolute blackness' as he did when Harker was describing his coach journey to the Count's castle.

    • Word count: 1002
  13. Discuss the role of sexuality in Dracula. What does the novel suggest about sexual behavior in Victorian England?

    From the very beginning the roles of men and women in Victorian society are made clear whether it be Mina's determination to help Harker, her husband, by learning shorthand and aiming to meet the expectations of the perfect Victorian wife. Or Lucy's question to Mina in chapter 5 in which she asks "Why can't they let a girl marry three men, or as many as want her, and save all this trouble?", this would have been seen as a very shocking thing for a reputable Victorian girl to say and shows the suppressed side of Lucy Westenra.

    • Word count: 1504
  14. How And Why Have Representations Of Dracula Changed Over Time

    Bearing in mind that it was made so long ago, Nosferatu did not contain any dialogue and the subtitles where presented by: A Symphony of Horrors. In this representation of Dracula by Murnau, Nosferatu (i.e. Dracula) is represented in a stereotypical way. He is characterized as the epitome of evil; as evil incarnate. He is freakishly thin and tall, dressed in black clothing which connotes evil and unholy ness, his long hands and pale skin draw attention to his nocturnal and aberrant existence.

    • Word count: 1729
  15. 'No reader of 'The Woman in Black', can be left in doubt about its conscious evocation of the Gothic

    In Britain this revival involved a series of attempts to 'return to roots', in contrast to the classical model revered in the earlier eighteenth century. It is believed that the very first Gothic novel was invented solely by Horace Walpole, when he wrote 'The Castle of Otranto' in 1764. This novel was imitated throughout the following centuries because it contains essentially all the elements that comprise the Gothic genre. It is also believed to have influenced writing, poetry and film making to the present day.

    • Word count: 1362
  16. Vlad III Tepes Dracula (1431-1476): Romanian Freedom Fighter or Cold-Blooded Impaler?

    Towards the end of the 15th century the House of Basarab had split into two bitter clans. Descendants of Prince Dan formed the Danesti while Dracula and his father, Vlad II Dracul, were ancestors of Prince Mircea the Old. The Wallachians were accustomed to be influenced by powerful neighbours. The fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453, which had defended Europe from Islamic access for nearly one thousand years, fell to the Ottoman Turkish Empire under the leadership of Sultan Mohammed the Conqueror. Prior to the fall of Constantinople, Mircea the Old was forced to acknowledge the sultan's presence in the early fifteen century.

    • Word count: 1654
  17. In this essay I will be looking at how successful Oscar Wilde was at creating a gothic novel. I will be using Edgar Alan Poe's short story 'The Fall of the House of Usher' and the film 'Bram Stokers, Dracula' and the

    When Oscar Wilde wrote 'The Picture of Dorian Gray' in 1891 the gothic phase was coming to an end but Oscar Wilde still managed to cause uproar when it was published. I shall now be looking at the novel its self and certain gothic passages in the novel with reference to Edgar Alan Poe's 'The Fall of the House of Usher'. The story is about a young man in his early twenties and how he sells his soul to the devil for eternal youth and beauty.

    • Word count: 1490
  18. How does the writer create an atmosphere of fear and horror in the opening chapters of Dracula?

    The night before he had "had all sorts of queer dreams" of a dog howling. This is a disturbing dream and relates to the howling of dogs and wolves later on in the novel when the wolves are circling the carriage with "lolling red tongues", this depicts danger and is emphasised when a "paralysis of fear" over comes Jonathan. His suspicions are aroused again as when he is setting off from his hotel. All the guests gathered outside guard him "against the evil eye". Jonathan is unnerved as it is "not very pleasant" and this isn't helped with, again, a "blessing" against the evil eye.

    • Word count: 1206
  19. Discuss Austen's use of the gothic in Northanger Abbey

    She learns to tell who is her true friend, the meaning of true love, and how to distinguish reality from fantasy. A perhaps over simplified way of explaining and helping with the understanding of the novel is done by critics who argue that the novel's coherency can be broken down into roughly two categories: "coherency through use of genre and modes (technical and intertextual concerns) and thematic coherency"2 The novels which Catherine reads during the first section of 'Northanger Abbey' were especially popular amongst women in the eighteenth century.

    • Word count: 1209
  20. How does Bram Stoker use Gothic conventions to create an atmosphere of suspense and fear for the reader?

    Gothic fiction traditionally includes elements such as gloomy castles, sublime landscapes, and innocent maidens threatened by indescribable evil. From background knowledge of Abraham Stoker we know that he was the third of seven children, and he was violently ill as a child. When he was sick, Stoker read many books and listened to the horror tales his mother told him. These led Stoker to start writing ghost stories, even as a child. This explains why he must have chosen this particular genre of novels. The book starts off as a first person narrative form the character Jonathan Harker who is sent by a businessman to meet with an old Count named Dracula at his castle located far from civilization.

    • Word count: 1745
  21. The Biblical Archetypes in The Stone Angel: A Comparison Between the Bible and The Stone Angel

    In the meantime, Hagar, like her archetype, plays the role of "the dutiful wife." She engages in sexual activity with Bram even though she does not want to. As a result, she bears a son, Marvin, whom she never really loves or cares for. In addition, Hagar, having been a part of the Manawakan elite, is bound to their unwritten codes of conduct and values the same way that the Biblical Hagar is bound, by law, to Abram and Sarah. In order to elude additional persecution, both Hagars have to conform to the laws of their respective cultures and time periods.

    • Word count: 1364
  22. Gothic Subculture - Sinister or Harmless?

    Such attitude easily leads to intolerance, resentment and loss of communication between general society and the subculture, hiding the real truths of alive people behind the stereotypical fiction. Among many stereotypes related to Goths, one of the most common ones is obsession with death. The commonly held view is that they are antisocial outcasts attempting suicide or desiring to kill someone else. In reality, Goths' fascination with everything related to death is not as superficial as it appears at first sight.

    • Word count: 1470
  23. Review the film

    Most horror films have a similar storyline. They are usually set in an isolated place with a gothic setting and most of the scary parts take place at night. The main characters usually consist of the monster or 'baddie', who may be a murderer and is not easily destroyed, which is handy for sequels. A clever person or maybe a scientist, 'stupid' people that often go off on their own and is more likely to get killed first, and a beautiful women who screams a lot and may get injured, or even killed for dramatic purposes.

    • Word count: 1362
  24. Comparison of Short Stories - The Tell Tale Heart, Dracula, and The Woman In Black.

    "...but why WILL you say that I am mad?" As the narrator is telling the story it sounds as if he is thrilled about what he is going to do and after he has murdered the old man he is delighted and triumphant. "...for what had I now to fear?" I think it is more frightening for a murderer to behave carefully because he has thought about, how he's going to do it, where he's going to do it, what he'll do with the body afterwards and other details along these lines.

    • Word count: 1031
  25. Exam Stoker's presentation of women in Dracula.

    When Lucy is bitten, she finds it hard to sleep, and becomes restless in the nights as Mina observes. Lucy begins to sleepwalk, and it is made clear that the "Bloofer Lady", who has become know among the children she is feeding off , as her new cravings need to be satisfied. Where the mystery lies though is how Dracula became to bite her, when there was no one at the house in Whitby to welcome him. This suggests some sort of co-operation with Dracula, whereas Mina does not have this luxury since Renfield welcomes him, and later confesses.

    • Word count: 1035

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Austen's use of the gothic in Northanger Abbey

    "In conclusion, it is evident that Austen wished to be unconventional in writing this novel and wanted the narrator to be the one to make the reader aware of the contrasts of conventional literature and "Northanger Abbey. The narrator and the method in which the story is told are the focus of the story. Although the narrator is not an actual character in the story her presence is known and her opinions are expressed and can be identified by the reader. Jane Austen provides her audience with an alternative form of literature by having a novel focus on how a story can be told as opposed to most novels which traditionally focus on the story itself. Cleverly, by using a likeable character that the implied reader can identify with and relate to, Austen is able to use this character as a model for her extraordinary comparison. 1 Shaw, Narelle. Free Indirect Speech and Jane Austen's 1816 revision of Northanger Abbey. London:Warner 1987. pg 571 2"

  • With close reference to at least three texts compare and contrast four characteristics of Gothic Horror which you consider to be effective.

    "The concept that the reactions of characters initiate more fear in the plot is heightened in 'The Monkey's Paw'. Although a repulsive description of Herbert is included, I find that the father's frightened reaction on even thinking of beholding his dead son is more effective in initiating fear in an audience: "he has been dead ten days, and besides he - I would not tell you else, but - I could only recognise him by his clothing. If he was too terrible for you to see then, how now?" "For God's sake, don't let it in" In 'The Monkey's Paw', the characters to not face the 'monster' and they do in Frankenstein, but I believe that the mystery of his appearance and intent is far more frightening than in Frankenstein. This proves that with a combination of many characteristics of horror, the best horror scene is created. I believe that the supernatural and superstition are best used in conjunction with other characteristics, such as fear of the unknown, extreme behaviour and weather. In Dracula, the supernatural and superstitions are emphasised by the extreme behaviour of the people around."

  • Discuss the relationship between sexuality and cruelty AND/OR or death in any TWO texts.

    "One of the main points I have argued in this essay, is that power and sexual cruelty prevail through conflict. My assertion in Dracula is that conflict is external to vampire existence, whereas in contrast, internal conflicts exist in Interview With The Vampire. Therefore in conclusion, it is essential to say that although both narratives are told in the first person, the viewpoints in the text are endorsed by use of opposing narrative strategies. In Dracula the text is narrated by mortals, therefore the reader is greatly influenced by the mortal perspective. Whilst in contrast, the narrative of Interview With The Vampire is recounted from a vampire's perspective. Accordingly then, Dracula and Interview With The Vampire, present the reader with a textual biased perspective. The narrators present their own ideologies relating to power and sexual cruelty projecting their own identities and environment. As Michel Foucault argues: 'We must conceptualize the deployment of sexuality on the basis of the techniques of power that are contemporary with it (Foucault p.150). Therefore, sexuality and cruelty, operate by reflecting the personal, political and social opinions of their narrators. Consequently, Dracula reflects mortal ethics, in contrast to Interview With The Vampire, which through a single narrative is unmistakably opinionated but applies vampiric reasoning."

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