GCSE: A Christmas Carol

Meet the team of inpirational teachers who mark our essays

find out about the team

Join Marked by Teachers to get help from over 80 teachers and 180,000 essays

260 GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  • Marked by Teachers essays 2
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 11
  1. Marked by a teacher

    A Christmas Carol How Does Scrooge Change Through Staves 1 - 5?

    5 star(s)

    His hatred is a defence. He is cruel to his Clerk who whom he will not allow more than one coal for the fire. A contrast is made between Scrooge and his cheerful nephew. The nephew is relentlessly happy about Christmas and Scrooge cannot understand this because he says he is poor. Scrooge concentrates on every bad point about everything instead of looking on the bright side of things. He believes that people who say happy Christmas 'should be boiled with there own puddings' in response to every negative thing Scrooge says the nephew still responds saying something happy, honest and kind and continually asks Scrooge to dine with them.

    • Essay length: 1386 words
  2. Marked by a teacher

    English Lit How Does Charles Dickens Use Imagery and Language to Present the Character of Ebenezer Scrooge in Stave 1 of 'A Christmas Carol.'?

    4 star(s)

    Ebenezer Scrooge is an example of the cruelty and ignorance of the people of Victorian England. The main character in 'A Christmas Carol' is Ebenezer Scrooge, Dickens portrays Scrooge to be a pessimistic miser throughout the story, but however he does begin to change his views near to the end of the novella. In the first stave Dickens introduces Scrooge and his dead business partner Jacob Marley, in the beginning of the book it is very important to point out that Jacob Marley is dead, to help make the reader believe that he is dead, as he later on appears as a ghost in the story; 'Old Marley was as dead as a doornail' Dickens makes a strong point at the start of the story that Jacob Marley is dead; Dickens uses similes to portray this.

    • Essay length: 3016 words
  3. Scrooge makes a moral journey in Dickens A Christmas Carol. Examine the development of scrooges character in light of this statement, focusing on staves 2 and 4.

    But if you change or never become the things scrooge was you will not be inhuman because you will have emotion. Dickens style has a lot of imperial meaning like when he uses the words 'Ding, Dong!' he does this to translate and express Scrooges annoyed state of mind, it also annoys the readers because they think why is Dickens repeating this because its pointless but its not because it does what Dickens wanted it to do successfully. Dickens's structure is organised in stages of scrooges moral journey of by using the staves and spirits.

    • Essay length: 1994 words
  4. How does Stave 3 of A Christmas Carol illustrate Dickens concerns about social issues?

    It seems Scrooge makes a conscious effort to be seen as a loner and perhaps even enjoys it. The Cratchits represent the other side of the story and many of the poor families living at the time, they are poor and have so many hardships they have to cope with 'they were not well dressed; their shoes were far from being water-proof; their clothes were scanty; and Peter might have known, and very likely did, the inside of a pawnbroker's.

    • Essay length: 1304 words
  5. A Christmas carol by Charles Dickens-what do we learn about the conditions of the poor in society and attitudes towards them in A Christmas Carol?

    In addition to this Bob's young son, Tim Cratchit (or commonly referred to in the book as Tiny Tim), is likely to die of a poverty related disease because the family are unable to provide for his medical needs. Though Bob Cratchit represents the poor and the unfortunate, the viewpoints of the rich and middle classes are expressed through a character called Scrooge, who argues that the sick and dying (referring to the poor) deserve this sort of treatment because the only reason they are living in conditions as such is because they did not work hard enough in life to reach the higher division of society.

    • Essay length: 4216 words
  6. In A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens represents Scrooge as an unsympathetic man who is offered the opportunity to redeem himself.

    Marley's Ghost has come to warn Scrooge to change his avarice ways or he, too, will be condemned to wander the Earth in the pain he has caused and the happiness he cannot share, weighed down by 'the chain [he] forged in life' which he has made 'link by link, and yard by yard'. Dickens uses the metaphor to contribute to the burden Marley carries because of the selfish ways he has acted in his life on Earth. Scrooge is shaken by what has happened to his sole friend, who offers no console and furthermore exemplifies his fate by showing

    • Essay length: 669 words
  7. What have you learnt about Victorian society from your reading of Dickenss novel A Christmas Carol?

    He didn't like the way it worked, and he wanted something to be done about it. Other writers later wrote about this, for example, J B Priestley, at the time of the Welfare State. The Welfare State is something similar to what Dickens would have wanted to be implemented into Victorian society. Another view he wanted to get across, was his issues with the Church's power over businesses. Many Bills were passed, limiting what could be done on Sundays, and Dickens felt that this was an attempt by the upper classes to control the lower classes, but disguised as a religious act.

    • Essay length: 3562 words
  8. How does Dickens explore the possibility of change in A Christmas Carol?

    He tells Ghost of Christmas Past to ''show him no more''. He doesn't want to see anymore of his happy life because his heart is still cold. Then, Ghost of Christmas Present visits him. The Ghost shows him people around the world celebrating Christmas, Fred (his nephew), Cratchit family suffering. Seeing all this, Scrooge has a sign of regret and understanding but he is still not fully changed. Finally, The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come visits Scrooge. The Ghost shows Scrooge his death and horrible things that could happen if the things stay the same.

    • Essay length: 2245 words
  9. I am going to describe my first impressions of Scrooge and explain how Dickens uses language to present him.

    Scrooge is described as 'hard and sharp as a flint,' flint is a type of sedimentary rock with a glassy and waxy appearance and inside its usually dark grey. Dickens has used this quote, to describe Scrooge as an inanimate object, and get the effect what he was like, it also describes the same appearance to scrooge that he was hard on other people and wouldn't show people his true emotions. Another example of Scrooge being described to an object is 'self-contained, and as solitary as a oyster' this suggests Scrooge was a secretive person, who kept himself to himself and didn't show others how he felt or what problems he was going through.

    • Essay length: 1566 words
  10. How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooges Character?

    In the first stave, Dickens describes the character of Scrooge as a "tight fisted hand at the grindstone". This connotes to his endurance to work hard, as using a grindstone is an independent job, this might reflect his character as being self-sufficient. For example, when the charity collectors ask for money he replies "are there no workhouses?" It gives an impression to the reader that Scrooge is a really greedy person with money because he only thinks of himself. His money-grabbing nature was already introduced early on in the story when Marley's funeral is being described. Dickens describes how Scrooge "solemnised the funeral with an undoubted bargain" is used, meaning Scrooge didn't even spend much money on his only friend's funeral.

    • Essay length: 1241 words
  11. A Christmas Carol - Explore Scrooges Transformation from the beginning of the novel to the end.

    All the words that are used to describe Scrooge are thinks that are equally as unpleasant as him. Flint is quite a violent rock, and Dicken's is saying that even though steel is a strong object, it's not strong enough to get through. Also, oysters live in the cold sea, at inhospitable depths. 'No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain less open to entreaty...' '...The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail could boast of advantage over him in one respect.

    • Essay length: 2886 words
  12. A Christmas Carol Coursework. Dickens describes Scrooge as as solitary as an oyster. By comparing him to a creature that only rarely comes out, it shows how lonely and anti-social he really is, making the readers grow a stronger dislike for him.

    The impression that we get of Scrooge from the opening description is that he is forlorn character with no morals. Dickens describes Scrooge as 'as solitary as an oyster'. By comparing him to a creature that only rarely comes out, it shows how lonely and anti-social he really is, making the readers grow a stronger dislike for him. The word 'solitary' implies how self-centred and contained he is as well as a low social-status. This gives us the impression that he is cold-hearted and spiteful as that is probably how someone would act if they chose to be lonely.

    • Essay length: 2493 words
  13. A Christmas Carol The character of Scrooge and the main themes of the story.

    The story also plays on people's conscience and makes them worry about life after death. The reason that Ebenezer Scrooge is being haunted is his selfishness and behaviour towards other people, which makes it different to the usual supernatural stories as the ghosts want to help him become a better person. He is visited by four ghosts: the ghost of the Christmas past, present, future and also by his dead business partner Marley. In the Victorian era, novels were the leading form of literature. The major genres were: gothic, romance, 'Silver Fork' (stories about the upper-class, in which the poor were interested)

    • Essay length: 2604 words
  14. The use of allegory in "A Christmas Carol".

    A Christmas Carol has become a holiday classic and the character, Ebenezer Scrooge, has become a cultural icon. Since its publication, the story has been told many times and been adapted to the stage, radio, movies and television. This book tells about Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly old skinflint. He hates everyone, especially children. But at Christmas three ghosts come to visit him, scare him into mending his ways, and he finds, as he celebrates with Bob Cratchit, Tiny Tim and their family, that geniality brings its own reward (Dickens, 1993). The implicit lesson of this story is what makes this book interesting to discuss.

    • Essay length: 619 words
  15. Consider how Dickens creates a scary atmosphere in this novel A Christmas Carol

    The first mention of ghosts appears in the opening paragraph with the word "phantoms" which leads the reader to believe this is going to be a ghost story, with phantoms being another word for a ghost, which is something concealed and unknown. Scrooge's home was empty and bare except from the only occupant scrooge but originally him and his partner, he lived on his own. The rooms in the chambers are dark and depressing but described as being "a gloomy suite of rooms".

    • Essay length: 1445 words
  16. Compare the descriptions of the four ghosts in A Christmas Carol. Which do you find the most effective and why?

    This is evident with the quote, ' flame leaped up', and, 'it cried, "I know him! Marley's ghost"'. When the flame, 'leaped up', it gives the effect that it has identified something so fearful that it has gave life to in-animate objects. This makes the reader desperate to find out why this ghost is so frightening. The flame also seems to detect that the ghost is Jacob Marley, which suits the idea that a ghost haunts someone that did wrong to them in their previous life. Adding to the terrifying image of the spectre, Dickens highlights the fear with the phrase, 'disturbs the very marrow in his bones'.

    • Essay length: 1968 words
  17. What do we learn about poverty in A Christmas Carol?

    On Christmas Eve Scrooge gets a visit from the ghost of his former business partner Jacob Marley. Jacob Marley was almost as selfish as Scrooge and now his spirit is being punished. He tells Scrooge that he must mend his ways and explains to him that he will be visited by three ghosts who will show him his past, present and future. The ghost of past shows Scrooge the start of his selfishness, The ghost of present shows him the affect his selfishness is having on other people and the ghost of future shows him a glimpse of his future where he dies unloved.

    • Essay length: 1780 words
  18. How is A Christmas Carol a critique of Victorian Society?

    So people who are born into capitalism are always bitter and follow in their father's footsteps. In the vision of the ghost of Christmas future a child says 'father is so much kinder than he used to be': I think Dickens is saying that he was in the capitalistic rut but has changed. His dislike for capitalism is portrayed in the characters because those who follow it are greedy and only want to make money. They are repulsive and disgusting, as seen in the set of merchant businessmen where their ugly features are described ' a great fat man with

    • Essay length: 1182 words
  19. Dicken Essay- How well does Dickens create the characters of his narrators? Refer to three or four stories in your answer.

    (Line 3, The Schoolboy's story) This clearly shows the start of story fits the narrator because the narrator was a student. Additionally, it is usual for a student to use schoolboy's slangs. The narrator was apprehensive that his story was not as good as his relatives' stories. Consequently, he wanted to finish as soon as possible. "Don't look at the next story-teller."(Page 5, the start of last paragraph) This suggests his relatives did not allow him to finish the story.

    • Essay length: 1600 words
  20. What is Dickens Social Commentary on Victorian England in A Christmas Carol

    Dickens shows this through Scrooge and the ghost of Christmas future when no one will care when you die. Dickens moral message in the novel is that everyone should respect each other whether poor or rich. Dickens expresses his criticism of the lack of the welfare system through the words of Scrooge by showing that the rich were very rich and the poor very poor and the only way through it was to work at the work house. However the work house was seen a shameful place to work at, therefore many of the poor people would rather make a living begging.

    • Essay length: 2780 words
  21. How does Charles Dickens show Scrooge changing in A Christmas Carol?

    The first we hear of Scrooge is of his cold hearted and bitter nature described vividly through the weather. "No warmth could warm him, no wintry weather chill him. No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain less open to entreaty". This series of negatives and comparisons to weather clearly illustrates to the reader the wretched and poignant man that is Scrooge. Throughout the novella Dickens uses pathetic fallacy to convey Scrooges personality and feeling reflected in the weather, for example, he "carried his own low temperature with him".

    • Essay length: 1907 words
  22. What is Dickens social commentary of Victorian England in A Christmas Carol?

    Dickens shows this through Scrooge and the ghost of Christmas future when no one will care when you die. Dickens moral message in the novel is that everyone should respect each other whether poor or rich. Dickens expresses his criticism of the lack of the welfare system through the words of Scrooge by showing that the rich were very rich and the poor very poor and the only way through it was to work at the work house. However the work house was seen a shameful place to work at, therefore many of the poor people would rather make a living begging.

    • Essay length: 2780 words
  23. How does Scrooges character transform through his meetings with the ghosts in a Christmas Carol?

    Scrooge said to his nephew 'merry Christmas! What right have you got to be merry? What reason have you got to be merry? You're poor enough.' This shows that he is rich but he doesn't like to spend his money. He also boasts about it and doesn't give any of it away. Also in stave one Ebenezer scrooge is very lonely. He owns a massive house in London but some rooms have nothing in them and when rooms do have furniture in them there isn't a lot. Dickens writes that his house is cold and bleak.

    • Essay length: 1436 words
  24. Was Dickens novella A Christmas Carol written as a childrens story or was it meant for a very different audience?

    A Christmas Carol is basically about a cold- hearted, old business man, Ebenezer Scrooge, who dedicated the rest of his life to his business who's decision meant loosing everything he had once loved, when one day his dead business partner, now a ghost came to warn him about the life he will be suffering after death, from then he is visited by the 3 ghosts of his Christmas past, present and future to try and convert him into a better person, by mainly reminding him of the people he had once loved such as his sister, Belle and Fizziwigg.

    • Essay length: 1435 words
  25. How Important are Fred and Bob to the story of a 'Christmas Carol'?

    But for Scrooge's nephew to leave "...the room without an angry word..." proves that Fred is a true, delightful person that opens his care to even the most miserable of people. As Fred leaves the building and passes by Bob Cratchit, the clerk, he "...bestows the greetings of the season on the clerk..." This scene has a great importance to show, the pleasant nature of Fred and the depressing character of Scrooge. In this same scene, Dickens under-mines the whole reason for the importance of Fred and Bob.

    • Essay length: 878 words

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare the descriptions of the four ghosts in A Christmas Carol. Which do you find the most effective and why?

    "In conclusion, I think that the most effective ghost is the ghost of Christmas present due to the fact that in being shockingly different from the other ghosts, its message was carried clearly and profoundly to the reader. Although an original reader may disagree with me, as the ghost was too uncommon for the time; I think that it's outright defiance to the norm, would have alerted the reader to the ghost and would have helped put across the original meaning of Christmas. Robert Ankcorn English coursework"

  • Discuss how Charles Dickens uses Victorian London to show the differences between the rich and the poor members of the society? What message is the novelist trying to tell you?

    "In conclusion I believe one of Dickens mane objectives of this story was the make the rich self reflect and self recognise their actions in society to day. I think Dickens was successful in doing this because he is constantly forcing the reader towards formulating a moral judgement by projecting a lonely mean image of Scrooge and therefore awakening a social conscience. The reader knows Scrooge is unhappy because of the way Dickens describes the way Scrooge treats people. His use of language, many adjective words, and the situations in which he situates the poor in using jobs, buildings, weather and the time of year helps force the reader towards formulating a moral judgement. I enjoyed reading the book very much because of his descriptive language, which helps your mind to think of detailed images that Dickens is trying to describe. I think Dickens was very successful in changing rich peoples views for the better, even though his story is fiction, many facts are written about the poor, which helps us get more of a social conscience and understanding of the life they live."

  • Analyse the ways in which Dickens highlights certain aspects of 19th Century London in his novel 'A Christmas Carol'

    "In conclusion, the image that one is left with from Dickens is a very depressing one, one of dark, smelly, and polluted streets. Images of poverty and hardship, and a society that cared little for the welfare of others, where if you had money you could live comfortably, but if you did not life was very tough. It is not a place where, I feel, anyone today would like to live. 1"

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.