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GCSE: A Christmas Carol
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In A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens represents Scrooge as an unsympathetic man who is offered the opportunity to redeem himself.
Marley's Ghost has come to warn Scrooge to change his avarice ways or he, too, will be condemned to wander the Earth in the pain he has caused and the happiness he cannot share, weighed down by 'the chain [he] forged in life' which he has made 'link by link, and yard by yard'. Dickens uses the metaphor to contribute to the burden Marley carries because of the selfish ways he has acted in his life on Earth. Scrooge is shaken by what has happened to his sole friend, who offers no console and furthermore exemplifies his fate by showing
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A Christmas Carol has become a holiday classic and the character, Ebenezer Scrooge, has become a cultural icon. Since its publication, the story has been told many times and been adapted to the stage, radio, movies and television. This book tells about Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly old skinflint. He hates everyone, especially children. But at Christmas three ghosts come to visit him, scare him into mending his ways, and he finds, as he celebrates with Bob Cratchit, Tiny Tim and their family, that geniality brings its own reward (Dickens, 1993). The implicit lesson of this story is what makes this book interesting to discuss.
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But for Scrooge's nephew to leave "...the room without an angry word..." proves that Fred is a true, delightful person that opens his care to even the most miserable of people. As Fred leaves the building and passes by Bob Cratchit, the clerk, he "...bestows the greetings of the season on the clerk..." This scene has a great importance to show, the pleasant nature of Fred and the depressing character of Scrooge. In this same scene, Dickens under-mines the whole reason for the importance of Fred and Bob.
- Word count: 878
Scrooge is described as a cold and frosty man, whose heart was so black and filled with greed. The language used in Stave 1 for Scrooge's character and attitude to Christmas and other people portrays him as a cold-hearted man, chilled to the very core of his heart. No room for emotion and just greed and gold instead. Dickens shows Scrooge art the start of stave two, three, four as a gradual change of heart. In the second stave Dickens introduces the reader to Scrooge's sadder part of life, the part of Scrooge's life which he regrets.
- Word count: 536
The key words that show this are "The cold within him." This makes the reader feel scrooge is old, frozen and has no love at all. Dickens wanted scrooge to represent the worst of the rich in 1842, he wanted to change there ways. Scrooges looks reflect his personality, scrooge is unfriendly to everyone even his family and employees like his book-keeper Bob Cratchit. The way scrooge lives also reflects his personality Dickens shows this by using personification "They were a gloomy suite of rooms, in a lowering pile of building up a yard, where it had so little business to be, that one could scarcely help fancying it must have run there when it was a young house, playing at hide-and-seek with other houses, and forgotten the way out again."
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Books and films have been based on the book 'A Christmas Carol' long after it was written, all because of the moral behind the story. What I think Dickens' intentions were when he wrote the story was to show everyone, that the poor are just as important as the rich. And I believe that his main influence for 'A Christmas Carol' would be because when Charles was 11, his father, along with his family (except for Charles) was sent to prison for being in debt.
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This description of Scrooge is very accurate. All of these adjectives show how he was 'tight' with his money, how he didn't care about the poor, how, although he wasn't spending much of his money, wouldn't give away a penny to a single sole. His cruelness is also portrayed by saying "If they would rather die, they had better do it!" This quote shows that Scrooge really couldn't care less about the poor. His employees were made to work exceptionally hard, day in day out.
- Word count: 852
What issues stand out in Charles Dickens's writing? Why does Charles Dickens highlight these issues?
Many hunger-worn outcasts close their eyes in our bare streets, at such times, who, let their crimes have been what they may, can hardly open them in a more bitter world." Self-improvement and hope * Oliver Twist becomes better acquainted with the Characters of his new Associates. * Oliver Twist was a poor, helpless, nameless and hopeless orphan without freedom and happy childhood * Hated the life of been a pickpocket, or theft. Met people with mercy hearts and found his happy life too.
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How does dickens present Scrooges character to the reader and what does he show us about the society in which he lives
Readers start to feel sorry for him because of what has happier in the past. At the end of the novel the readers like him because he changes by becoming to be kind and sharing. Scrooge keeps the readers interested because you can't tell what he is going to do next that's why he keeps the readers interested; because they would want to read more to find out what he going to do next. People read stories because back in them day's when Charles Dickens wrote this book there were no TV's or radios.
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On the scene with the goose, Dickens uses the phrase, "Universal admiration", to describe how the family feel about the goose. It shows that even though they haven't got a real turkey they don't take anything for granted. The phrase implies that the whole universe admires it but in reality it's just an average goose. The quote "Bob's voice was tremulous when he told them this and trembled more, Tiny Tim is growing strong and hearty", is very ironic because Tiny Tim wasn't growing strong and hearty, this shows that Bob was always trying to look on the brightside of things, his main priority was to keep the family happy.
- Word count: 838
How does Charles Dickens use language to give us a portrait of life in Victorian England. A Christmas Carol
Charles had written so many descriptions in the book , so that it can give the audience a visual idea of what the Victorian times looked like for example, "the ways were foul and narrow; the shops and houses wretched; the people half-naked, drunken, slipshod, ugly. Alleys and archways, like so many cesspools, discouraged their offences or smell and dirt, and life, upon the straggling streets; and the whole quarter reeked with crime, and filth, and misery ", this quote is nearly at the end of the book and gives the readers or audience a good description on how the poor and homeless lived, with drunken and ugly people.
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Hence, he creates a character called Bob Cratchit and he is a clerk who works for Scrooge. Cratchit has a big family with lots of children. He is oppressed by Scrooge and he gets little salary. Clearly, Dickens is trying to present Bob Cratchit as ordinary people at that time so that he engages with them. The three Ghosts of Christmas represent the past, present and future of Scrooge's life. The first ghost, Ghost of Christmas Past, Dickens describes it as 'like a child' but it also describes it as 'like an old man'.
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He replied to his nephew after he invited him to Christmas dinner this shows he dose not like Christmas and also he is very rude and is not afraid of sharing his point of view with others. Scrooge is rude to all the people who try to be nice to him in this first chapter from the men who asked for a donation for charity to his employee who asked for Christmas day off to whom he only just excepted say he needs to be in the earlier the next day.
- Word count: 927
Describing Scrooge he gives the readers an idea of what he looks like, with no visual images. The facial description that Dickens used makes Scrooge out to look like a bad and mean man, he describes him as an old sinner, "The cold inside him has nipped his pointed nose, shriveled his cheek, stiffed his gait, made his eyes red, his thin lips blue: and spoke in a shrewdly grating voice." Dickens has shown that greed has ruined Scrooge's looks and life. The description suggests someone evil and sinister. The author tells us directly what Scrooge is, " A tight-fisted hand at the grindstone.
- Word count: 760
And he used the weather compared to Scrooge: "the fog and darkness thickened", "cold became intense", "misanthropic ice". Dickens uses the weather to show that Scrooge is a dark person and he made everything surrounding him became miserable. He carried the coldness with him always, wherever he went. He spent his life in a cold nature. At the start of the novel, Dickens emphasizes that Scrooge is a cool, friendless and alone person: "Merry Christmas! What right have you to be merry? What reason have you to be merry?" "I don't make merry myself at Christmas, and I can't afford to make idle people merry." These two quotes show that Scrooge cared nothing for the people around him.
- Word count: 923
Ken leaves his "bach" (a small, cabin-style house) and carries their dinghy down to the beach. Fred follows with the rest of the gear. The tide is halfway out and the beach is deserted. As they get in the dinghy and begin rowing, the sun comes up, and it looks as if it is going to be a great day. There is not a cloud in the sky. They head for an island where they have been before. Ken finds the rowing easy, since he is the bigger and stronger of the two men. During the trip, Fred discusses the hardships of being out of work.
- Word count: 777
Dickens often looked at life as a child; for example in Oliver Twist, David Copperfield and Great Expectations. This could be one of the reasons that Dickens chose A Christmas Carol to be at Christmas, as he thought it would appeal to the child in everyone. Many people believed that Dickens wasn't just someone who wanted to make money, even though he was a workaholic. What he really wanted to do was to provoke authority to take responsibility for the problems that people were having in the country and Christmas was the best time of the year to do this.
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Chance or strange twists of fate recur repeatedly in The House of the Spirits. As mentioned before several elements of magical realism are found on the novel which creates a mystical atmosphere. Some examples of this uncommon type of literature would be when the narrator describes one of the characters, Rosa. It says, "...Rosa was white and smooth, without a wrinkle, like a porcelain doll, with green hair and yellow eyes- the most beautiful creature to be born on earth since the days of original sin..." (pg.4). Allende refers to Rosa's green hair as though it were out of the ordinary, yet not unheard of.
- Word count: 554
How effectively does the writer, Charles Dickens, create a feeling of antipathy in the reader towards the character, Scrooge in the opening stave of 'A Christmas Carol'?
Later in the first stave, we come across a description of Scrooge. He's said to be "a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone. Scrooge! A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster." This heavy use of negative adjectives helps the reader understand just how awful a person Scrooge is meant to be. The similes used also help exaggerate just how bad he is.
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He did not care for them, or show them pity, he paid them minimum wage and if they didn't like it, it wouldn't matter, they would resign and there would be a queue for people wanting to work there as a replacement, scrooge therefore saw it as no loss. He knew this because during the industrial evolution there were more people than their were jobs, and people back them had to grab anything they could get, whether or not they would suffer or die earning their money, there were a limited amount of jobs.
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'Whatever has got your precious father then? And your brother, Tiny Tim! And Martha warn't as late last Christmas Day by half-an -hour.' This quote epitomizes what working conditions were like for Victorians. People were still expected to work throughout Christmas day even though it was supposed to be a time of happiness. Scrooge is a prime example of a hard taskmaster who, although he is rich, continues to work his poor staff on a day like Christmas. Many poor people had very little holiday, as they couldn't afford to stop earning for a week.
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"Dickens had intended through a stirring and entertaining tale, to awaken his readers' minds and hearts to the suffering of the poor." Did he succeed?
Middle class Victorian Children were considered very precious and were much sheltered from the realness of life. Working class children were treated as economic units and expected to earn their keep from an early age. Have a look at some of the characters: Martha Cratchit is a milliner, a trade notorious for its low pay and appalling working conditions. Many girls resorted to prostitution in order to make enough money to have dinner on the table. Tiny Tim is crippled by an unspecified disease and children like him die at very young age. Although a few times Dickens does describe the conditions directly, most of the time he does, it is done indirectly.
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Scrooge doesn't really have any friends, and when people do try and visit him he acts arrogantly and negative towards them, we could describe scrooge as selfish because he is an extremely wealthy man but somehow he can't afford to give a few pennies for the homeless. The story is set on Christmas Eve in London, and as we know people are happy and having a good time but Scrooge doesn't he is still nasty. The language in this book is very different to modern day this is due to when Dickens wrote the book.
- Word count: 898
Despite the harsh weather Scrooge refuses to pay for another lump of coal to warm the room. This shows us the Scrooge is a harsh man who doesn't feel sorry for Bob Cratchit; it shows us that the character of Ebenezer is a tight man. Scrooge's nephew Fred comes to see Scrooge and invite him to Christmas dinner. Scrooge replies with "Bah! Humbug" refusing to share Fred's Christmas cheer. Fred is described as a cheerful man who loves Christmas. After Fred leaves two portly gentlemen enter the office to ask Scrooge for a charitable donation to help the poor. Scrooge replies angrily and explains that prisons and workhouses are the only charities he is willing to support.
- Word count: 722