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GCSE: Emily Bronte
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Wuthering Heights Coursework. I will be exploring Emily Brontes presentation of the characters of Heathcliff, considering the commentary she should be making about Victorian society.
This clearly influenced her novels as we regularly see death imagery and dead people. She lived in Haworth, Yorkshire next to a graveyard; this also could be why ghosts are used in her novel. In her upbringing in her early childhood, she and her sister Anne would make up fantasy stories called the gondal narratives purely for leisure. When she got older, she decided to become a governess. Emily Bronte uses dual narrative to tell the story of "Wuthering Heights". It begins with Lockwood, the new tenant, but later switches to Nelly. This is unconventional as it was accepted in the 1800's like most things, that books should be narrated by men.
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The first voice talks of death as very final. It talks about the revoltingness of decomposition; warning of death's defiling bed: "Black mould beneath thee spread And black mould to cover thee". The second voice welcomes the prospect of death. In stanza two, the second voice interrupts, creating a more sanguine tone. The voice seems to resign of death in "Well, there is rest there", and the welcoming of death is expressed in the second line. The images this voice uses are by no means morbid. The second voice makes the argument that life is not restful and death is a time of great tranquillity and peace.
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Compare and Contrast the Presentation of Love in the Relationships Between Edgar and Catherine and Catherine and Heathcliff.
Bront� implies early on that Heathcliff has gifts from both God and the Devil (good and bad characteristics). Nelly Dean describes him as a 'dirty, ragged, black-haired child; big enough to walk and talk...' she also constantly refers to Heathcliff as 'it'- '...Mrs Earnshaw was ready to fling it out of doors.... [He's a] Gypsy brat', Heathcliff is constantly referred to as if he weren't human. Nelly talks of how he 'repeated over and over again some gibberish that nobody could understand...' this portrays him as a wild animal/beast. Catherine and Hindley don't automatically get on with Heathcliff.
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What are your impressions of Catherine Earnshaw, Heathcliff and Edgar Linton? Consider the way in which chapter 7 presents the changes in some of the characters. What do you consider to be the importance of this chapter?
He has obviously had a difficult childhood, having lived on the streets of Liverpool. He must have felt nervous coming into the Earnshaws' family and disrupting their lives, but despite being tormented by Hindley, Heathcliff and Mr. Earnshaw developed a strong father and son relationship. The death of Mr. Earnshaw hurt Heathcliff badly and he sought comfort in Catherine. Hindley took over from his father as the man of the household and started to take control of Heathcliff. During the time that Mr. Earnshaw was alive, Heathcliff was considered his favourite son and Hindley would have felt betrayed by his father.
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The Heights is a practical working farm that has no luxuries and is very austere, "The apartment and furniture would have been nothing extraordinary", this shows that it has only got the basics of what is needed and no money is spent on lavish items. The Heights is also very "rustic" and earthy in colour, "There was no glitter of copper saucepans"; it is dark and mysterious. There are no carpets on the floor, just "smooth white stone floors" and the furniture is described as "The chairs were primitive structures", again reinforcing that there are no wasteful objects.
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When you utter through your teeth, you often give across the idea that you are angry. In the novel, Heathcliff is an angry and tense man and it explains that he says 'Walk in' with feeling and suggesting that he might go on to say, 'Go to the Devil!' Being a lonely man with no companions is an outcome of how miserable he is and how he rejects any of his visitors. When the reader gets reintroduced to him in the middle of the novel, the reader finds it hard to believe that someone would treat a stranger quite so rudely as he does.
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Discuss how Emily Bront portrays the character of Heathcliff, describe his relations with the other characters and how he relates to the Victorian period.
has improved its reputation; Wuthering Heights is widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest works of English Literature "is shows more genius than you will find in a thousand novels". Yet, during the Victorian period, women couldn't publish books so in order to get her novel out in the open; she published under the masculine pen name "Ellis Bell" along with her sisters. Wuthering Heights centres around the story of a man called Heathcliff. This name stands for his forename as well as his surname in the story due to the fact that when he firsts arrives at Wuthering
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Compare and Assess at least two of the following approaches in feminist theory, with illustration from two of the Victorian texts you have studied: Anglo-American Feminism; French Feminism
(Victorian Women's Poets, Page 13) Feminist theory is segregated into separate view points of feminism as a whole; French Feminism analyses literature from a perspective of a psychoanalytic view, drawing upon the work of Lacan to highlight view points. It helps to analyse the ways in which women are positioned in society in the text and how they can be perceived to be repressed. Marxist Feminism takes its inspiration from how the women can be perceived to be oppressed in literature. American feminism analyses literature from a textual expressive view point.
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Compare how the natural world is used symbolically by Hardy and Bronte in The Return of the Native and Wuthering Heights.
Both novels are realistic and both novelists use the concept of the theory that nature controls the fate and destiny of mankind. Therefore this assignment will compare the power of the natural world in 'The Return of the Native' and 'Wuthering Heights'. Thomas Hardy primarily uses the Heath to symbolise human nature. "The sombre stretch of rounds and hollows" is symbolic of the dark and brooding side of human nature with its many emotional ups and downs. Being "mysterious in its swarthy monotony" is synonymous with the stillness and mystery that is part of human nature.
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Wuthering Heights by Emily Bront, symbolism is used continuously throughout, making it a brilliant, gripping story. In this essay I will be explaining how Bront uses it, like using physical appearances of each person to emphasise their character.
All these brilliant techniques and devices create a great, powerful story of love and revenge. Firstly I will explore the ways that the buildings and settings of the book and where we first meet or see the characters emphasise their personalities and emotions. Wuthering Heights for example is an isolated, dirty, 'off the beaten track' and sequestered place to live. The way Bront� describes the house supports the way that Heathcliff is, "...wall...jutting stones...wilderness...crumbling." Heathcliff as a person resembles this, he is a wild, free untamed spirit. Wuthering Heights itself portrays an image of Heathcliff because it is a dark, gothic, secret and mysterious building.
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Compare how the natural world is used symbolically by Thomas Hardy and Emily Bronte in The Return of the Native and Wuthering Heights
Here we see Hardy describing human characteristics to things not human by referring to the "face" of the heath and highlighting the ways in which it affects the people that live on and around it by describing the extent that its colour and mere presence can lengthen or shorten the days or even make the dawn seem late. The place of Egdon Heath and its importance in, not only the characters' but Hardy's imagination is implied in these opening passages.
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that Ellis Bell was actually female, many Victorians viewed it as gothic as this category was associated with women. Bronte also uses dual narration, which was practically unprecedented when she wrote Wuthering Heights. Moreover, the fact that Nelly narrates more than Lockwood although she is a woman, contradicts the norms of Victorian society. One theme that Bronte addresses in Wuthering Heights is the different gender roles and equality of the sexes. In the Victorian age, women were usually viewed as inferior to men. Life was based on the stereotypical view that women were emotional and weak, whereas men were strong and of higher intelligence.
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Taking into account the background of the of the author what do the remoteness and loneliness of the setting contribute to the effect of the novel,
We do not expect Hindley to die but as he has been away from Wuthering Heights for so long he also cannot survive. However there are other reasons for his death. When Heathcliff returns from his absence he stays with Hindley, and gets his long awaited revenge by slowly luring Hindley into gambling and alcoholism. This is the main cause of his death. If Wuthering Heights was not set in such an isolated place Heathcliff would not have been able to torture and eventually destroy Hindley.
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However, he manipulates Hindley into giving him Hindley's horse: '"...if you wont I shall tell your father of the three thrashings you've given me this week. This shows that Heathcliff can be manipulative. After fighting with Heathcliff, Hindley gives him his horse, which shows that Heathcliff can get what he wants. There are certain events in the novel which change Heathcliff's character. However, it is not Heathcliff who transforms his character throughout the novel; it is the characters around him. Mr.Earnshaw brings Heathcliff into the story: '"...but you must take it as a gift of God". This shows that Mr.
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This is where the prose passage ends. However, the chapter hasn't ended yet, and Nelly frantically tells Edgar her sightings. Edgar is livid, but stays calm and collected as he disregards the incident and his sibling in the process, whom he had warned about Heathcliff. Edgar refuses to act upon their marriage, and acts cold and unfeeling. There are many twists and such throughout the book that we discover and realize about people; paragraphs and sentences that give us hints and certain hidden characterizations. However there are three principle findings and generalizations that we can make in this particular passage, all being very significant to the plot of Wuthering Heights.
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(Encyclopedia Americana PG 597.) Then Emily began her work on the famous well-known novel of Wuthering Heights. At first, her novel received little praise compared to her sister's books. But its acknowledgment came later. Soon Emily no longer focused on her family, writing, or school. She withdrew herself from the world around her. Her brother Branwell died on October 1st 1848, after drunken rages, that same year Emily became diagnosed with inflammation of the lungs. She died that same year on December 19th. (Www.lang.nagoya-u.ac.jp.) Although Emily is gone, her novel Wuthering Heights will always be a legend, with its twisted passion, and compelling opposites of Emily's own life.
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Branwell later got hooked on drugs and alcohol and Emily remained close and tried to help right up to his death in September 1848. At his funeral Emily caught a cold which developed into a fatal chest infection. She died on December 19, 1848 aged 30. Her brother was a big influence on Emily. He was the only son in the family and so bore the burden of his family's expectations. He was a man of great promise and there were ambitious plans for him to enter the Royal Academy of Art but they turned out to be unrealistic and other careers also failed.
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Bronte portrays him as a mysterious character, very cold, stubborn, heroic and extremely emotional. When he arrived Heathcliff was referred to as "the gipsy brat," and "it", by Hindley and Nelly Dean, the housekeeper. This made Heathcliff very angry, which is understandable. Old Mr Earnshaw's fondness for Heathcliff fuelled the jealousy of his son, Hindley, and the compassion of his daughter, Cathy. Hindley treated Heathcliff very badly, almost like a slave and inferior. "Heathcliff you may come forward' cried Hindley." He added: "You may come and wish Miss Catherine welcome, like the other servants."
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As he grew up the childhood friendship with Catherine transformed into a sincere love that burned in their young hearts. He was so used and dedicated to her that his objective in life was to love her. This love and passion was the part and parcel of his life and motivated him to live. At the same time the boyhood friction with Hindley came to be a great hatred. Being constantly abused and humiliated by him, Heathcliff swore to commit a devastating revenge one day.
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This book has hints of the gothic genre. An example of this is a dark, mysterious and evil character such as Heathcliff. Also the dark, neglected, isolated and mysterious building of Wuthering Heights. This book is especially linked with the gothic genre in chapter three where Lockwood sleeps in a mysterious room that belonged to Cathy. Lockwood dreams of a strange voice outside and then an ice cold hand grabs him and the blood pours from the hand that he scraped against the broken glass while desperately trying to escape.
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The verb used by Lookwood "haunt" is appropriate as later in the novel Catherine returns to haunt Heathcliff. Lookwood meets a cold and bitter reception from Heathcliff at The Heights which is typical of its surroundings "The "walk in" was uttered with closed teeth." (Lookwood chapter 1) The phrase also shows that the people of the Heights do not hide there emotions, in this case Heathcliff's disappointment at receiving a visitor. Four miles across the moors in a sheltered valley is the haven of Thrushcross Grange surrounded by parkland. It is almost the complete opposite in location to Wuthering Heights.
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She returns to the Heights a young lady, her class brought out by the Lintons' influence. However, although she no longer shares Heathcliff's wild appearance, she continues to feel a deep internal identification with him. When Heathcliff is banished from a meal with the Lintons, Nelly mistakes Catherine's calm exterior for an abandonment of her friend. As it turns out, Catherine is only hiding her pain. "Her cheeks flushed, and the tears gushed over them," the housekeeper noticed,"...she was in purgatory throughout the day".
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Discuss the relationship between literary and film versions of a particular 'romance' text. What role does the medium have in making/changing the meanings?
The many movie versions made of Wuthering Heights have gotten a grasp on the main shared themes in the story yet however the differences between the two mediums is vital to the narrative structure. Heathcliff's character been vital to the storyline (as he is the novels key point of focus) is very important when making the movie versions of Wuthering Heights as he brings out the audiences response (Haire-Sargeant). Previously, film versions of Wuthering Heights have in fact attempted to explain the character of Heathcliff in a way the audience can connect with this character and achieve their expectations.
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Both 'Farthing House' and 'Wuthering Heights' could be considered ghost stories - How does the author manipulate character and setting for maximum effect on the reader?
This is also a good technique and way to start a story as the reader wants to read on to find out more about the characters that they have already been introduced to. Emily Bronte chose to make the pace of her story very slow, resulting in it being a rather long-winded story. Whereas Susan Hill chose to make the pace of her story faster, resulting in it being a short story. 'Farthing House' follows the structure of harmony, conflict, new harmony.
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How do the characters of Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff and Edgar and Isabella Linton reflect the environment in which they were brought up? How are these characteristics revealed in either chapter 8, 10 or 11?
The isolation of being surrounded by acres your own fields, farmland and heather, not being able to see your nearest neighbour. This wildness was reflected deeply in her character, she was part of the moors and the moors were part of her, Wuthering Heights was truly her home, her upbringing there kindled in her a wild intense passion and fiery spirit. Nelly describes her as a child 'she put us all past our patience fifty times and oftener in a day' 'Her spirits were always at high water mark, her tongue always going' 'a wild wicked slip'.
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