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GCSE: Animal Farm
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Obviously George Orwell doesn't believe that the perfect society can ever be achieved. Toward the end of the book, George Orwell emphasizes, "Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer except, of course, the pigs and the dogs." Orwell very cleverly uses the name Boxer as a metaphor for the Boxer Rebellion in China in the early twentieth century. This communism, much like the distorted Stalin view of socialism, is still present today in the oppressive social government in China. Boxer and Clover are used by Orwell to represent the working class, or unskilled labour class in Russian society.
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What does Orwell set up in the early chapters of Animal Farm that the new society will experience problems?
Soon two leaders emerged from the pigs, Snowball and Napolean, leaving Squealer out of the main leadership struggle. This was the point at which the principles of Animalism were being abused by certain animals on the farm. One of the main reasons why the society is experiencing problems is that some animals are taking advantage of the rules of Animalism, the pigs are the main offenders. Napolean, Squealer and Snowball avoid doing manual labour by "organising" and "directing" the other animals. After the other animals collect the windfalls they assumed that the apples would have been shared out equally (Communism).
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When he worked in Burma, he watched the working of the police very closely. He already knew it was an unjust system but gradually came to despise them more, as they exploited and oppressed the hungry. However, he was apart of the unjust system and paid to do his job, even if he knew it was wrong. After working for 5 years in Burma, he decided to resign from the police, and tried to try is hand at becoming a writer. He went to the streets to see what life was like at the other end of the social spectrum.
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The most common one to use is cancer; doctors place a cancerous lump in the animal's body and try to find a cure by using different chemical solutions (this is all done whilst the animal is conscious). The pictures in the library about animal testing are horrendous, there were pictures of dogs that had just had a major operation on its brain and it had just been left on a cold stone floor to heal.
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'Living simply' may be a joke to some, but the results of chemical contamination is evident. Cancer, leukaemia, multiple sclerosis, sudden infant death syndrome, just to name a few, all have been linked to this contamination of our bodies. Our bodies are the receivers of everything in our world. What we eat, breath and drink all factor in with environmental and hereditary influences.
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I have spoken to a few of you and now know how the initial plan went so very wrong. You listened to the pigs, they seemed smart, and some of them would have had good ideas. One pig Napoleon had an idea, and made promises to the rest, so they followed. All but Snowball. Snowball was chased away by the vicious dogs Napoleon raised and he himself took Snowballs plan to use in his own beneficial way. Those pigs care only for themselves and because of their intelligence, they have taken full advantage of you.
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The way certain characters interact with other characters within either story, A Cap for Steve or Boys and Girls, is influenced by the setting of the story. If the setting were to be changed the characters within the story would probably make different choices. The Diamond family from A Cap for Steve would not have had the problems they had if they lived in a small rural town or farm, like in Boys and Girls,
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Our life spans have increased by 28 years because of animal testing, and chemotherapy for cancer patients also tested on animals has saved a significant number of lives. A recent study early in 2001 showed that the majority of UK citizens support tests on animals. In addition, it revealed that there was a large difference in opinion between age groups, and the older the voters, the more supporters of animal testing there were. Almost half of the younger generation supported an end to animal testing, even for medicines that may prove beneficial for human consumption.
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To keep everyone happy, positive and working, Napoleon uses Squealer as a manipulator; telling everyone how much money, and how much food the farm is making and getting. This keeps everyone thinking about how much better it is now than when Mr Jones was in charge. ??except Squealer?s list of figures, which invariably demonstrated that everything was getting better and better.? pg 94 Napoleon doesn?t want anyone thinking he?s made a mistake, because if he does no one will want to do as he says because it might not be correct, so Napoleon uses Squealers absence as a means of mopping up his mistakes.
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In ?Animal farm?, a key event is ?the public execution of alleged traitors?. By doing this, Napoleon is able to keep everyone in line and get rid of any opposition. Another key event is the exile of Snowball, a key rival of Napoleon, who represents Leon Trotsky in history. Snowball was the only possible animal that was able to contest power with Napoleon and this led to both pigs trying to persuade the other animals to vote for them as leader, due to the fact that neither of them was willing to co-operate and share power.
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Examine the characters of Benjamin and Mollie in the story. Explain their different reactions to the revolution
On the flip side, Benjamin rarely talked; he only talked to make remarks such as ?god gave me a tail to keep the flies off?. He was also the worst tempered and he hid his knowledge form everyone else, an example was when ?he refused to read the commandments written by the pigs to Clover a stout mare. After the revolution, two very different endings happen to Mollie and Benjamin. Mollie, unable to handle the demands of the farm, leaves in order to hanker after the humans while Benjamin stays on the farm acting in almost the same way as before and witnesses the farm?s downfall.
- Word count: 564
In the satire Animal farm by George Orwell, there are many techniques that are used to keep Napoleon the leader of the pigs in power.
Squealer spread around a lot of propaganda to the other animals. One thing he spread was that the windmill was Napoleon?s idea when in fact it was the idea of his exiled rival Snowball. Squealer also said ?Napoleon is doing the best for you? when in fact he was doing the opposite making the situation ironic. Squealer when rumors appeared of Boxer the carthorse being taken to the knackers used his excellent persuading skills to tell the other animals that ?the vet bought the van off the knackers and forgot to paint the name off?.
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Animal Farm is not just a speculative work of fiction ?what might happen? it translates the actual events and the leaders of the Russian Revolution in the aftermath in this little farm. By reducing them pigs it reduces them in stature and enabled people to see their real characters and mocked them, and its characters resemble the characters of the Revolution, Old Napoleon is Karl Marx, Snowball the ill-fated Trotsky. Orwell directs his satirical attack through irony. Just before his death, Old Major warns the animals against mankind ?All men are enemies...
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What are the most important messages Orwell conveys to the reader in Animal Farm, and what techniques does he use to make these messages powerful and unforgettable?
Orwell demonstrates here how fear can be used to make someone seem indispensable. Snowball and Napoleon are constantly in conflict with each other until the dispute over the windmill. Napoleon uses fear and fright through the dogs to chase Snowball away. This event represents the first form of animal fighting animal, which leaves the rest of the animals 'silent and terrified.' (Page 54) A physical form of fear now enters Animal Farm as Napoleon's new regime of dictatorship is established.
- Word count: 1861
Napoleon only has power due to fear he is a director. Overall as readers we can already see the personality of Napoleon; he seems greedy, bossy and selfish as well as controlling. He is cruel and commanding. 1. Comment on how language is used to create the relationship between the pigs and the other animals in the extract.
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Squealer's rationalising, persuasion and defensive tactics point out the hazards of propaganda. Through him, Orwell warns, "Keep the truth away from the people, tell your lies boldly and persistently, and people can be made to believe anything." As a fable, the story is warm, amusing, and friendly on the surface, but underneath, there is great meaning, for it becomes a political fable on the story of the Russian Revolution and its betrayal of the people. ?Animal Farm? opens with the news that old Major, "the prize Middle White boar", has called a meeting to share a dream that he's had.
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Explore the ways that the writers use contrast within a character or between characters to interest the reader or audience in "Much Ado About Nothing" and "Animal Farm".
The first contrast point in this essay is between Napoleon and Snowball. Napoleon represents Stalin and Snowball represents Trotsky. These two characters are seeking the same thing once the Old Major dies power. In chapter 2 Snowball and Napoleon are linked Snowball is the clever one and in the book snowball makes plans to build a windmill which when Napoleon sees it, it seems as if Napoleon has been put in the shade and that everyone prefers Snowball but Napoleon urinates on it and then walks away.
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Animal Farm is a story of betrayal; a fable which uses animals to represent human nature and human history
As for the dogs, when they grow old and toothless, Jones ties a brick around their necks and drowns them in the nearest pond.' Old Major (Karl Marx) is an obese pig who is illustrated as a wise, kind, clever and caring pig who despises humans. Before he dies, he shares with the animals a dream of his, where humans have been overruled over and where all animals are treated equally. He makes the animals realise that there ?maybe? would be such a perfect world where animals produced everything for themselves.
- Word count: 1886
So the domination of the ?Pravda? was seized by Stalin and his new Bolshevik regime. In ?Animal Farm?, ?Squealer? like the newspaper, is the link between Napoleon and other animals. The name ?Boxer? is cunningly used by Orwell as a metaphor for the ?Boxer Rebellion? in China in the early twentieth century. It was this rebellion which signaled the beginning of communism in China. This form of communism, much like ?Stalin?s? distorted view of communism, is still present today in the government in China. In simple terms, it can also mean that he is strong, fearless and dedicated and throughout the story he lives up to his name; in ?Animal Farm?, ?Orwell? created two mottos
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In his novel Animal Farm, Orwell satirises the way in which power corrupts and he uses events in Russian history after the 1917 Russian Revolution to demonstrate this.
When Snowball is exiled from the farm in the same way that Trotsky was exiled from Russia, we see history starting to be rewritten on Animal Farm as he is branded a ?traitor?. Later, when Napoleon adopts the windmill scheme, which had been branded ?moonshine? by Squealer and on which Napoleon had previously urinated, the animals are told by Squealer that Napoleon had ?seemed to oppose the windmill, simply as a manoeuvre to get rid of Snowball?. Any further doubts are allayed when Squealer baffles the animals with the word ?tactics?, which he says Napoleon used.
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?The education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for these who were already grown up? ? Napoleon. What actually Napoleon is trying to say is that he can only teach the young animal to be royal to him because the young animals will accept everything he will say and do everything he says. However the adults will regret him because they are smarter than the young ones and might start to think that Napoleon is up to something.
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Animal Farm essay. Explain you why think Orwell purposefully chose certain types of animals to assume certain roles.
Orwell made Napoleon the animal that was supposed to represent Joseph Stalin. Many other characters on the farm also reflect the traits normally associated with the animal they are and people from the Russian Revolution of 1917. Napoleon was made to represent Joseph Stalin, because in the Russian Revolution Stalin was greedy for power but to get power, he made people believe that he would do things but in the end he never did them. These characteristics are just like a pigs, hence Napoleon was born.
- Word count: 1171