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GCSE: Animal Farm
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When the whale is captured, he fights and struggles with the crew men until his death. The whale is used for things as small as candle wax, perfume, soap, oil, pet food, margarine, and fertilizer. The rest of the remains are disregarded. An innocent animal is killed to provide man with unnecessary products. Similar to the whale, Mark Twain discovered a case when buffalos where hunted and wasted. Some hunters organized a buffalo hunt to eat and for entertainment.
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That is why pictures are not included in this article. On the Animal Rights article the title clearly reads in bold black writing in Arial font 'It's a crying shame.' This is rather effective I think because there is a picture of a canines face on the page and it appears to be very sad and crying, thus getting the point across to the reader. On the reverse side of the leaflet there are various different texts but they are not in boxes so the general look of the leaflet is open and is easier to read.
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The principle characters in this book are Napoleon, Squealer, Snowball and the pig population. Napoleon represents Stalin and remains the most powerful force through out the story. Squealer is used as a means of propaganda directed by Napoleon in order to control the animals on the farm. Snowball who is in disagreement with Napoleon from the outset represents Trotsky who fled from Russia after the revolution. After Snowball's expulsion he is used as a focus of evil and as scapegoat for things that go awry on the farm. To balance the 'ruling class' which are the pigs, other characters such as Boxer and Clover the horses, Benjamin the donkey and nameless hens, sheep and
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This has happened repeatedly throughout history. The leader of Animal Farm, Napoleon, can be related to many different people of power such as the most recent: Saddam Hussein, Fidel Castro, Adolph Hitler, etc. The other characters of the novel, Animal Farm can be seen as more characters in real life other than in the Russian Revolution. The methods used by Napoleon and the pigs in their takeover of Animal Farm were similar to other methods used in real life. Napoleon starts his taking over of the farm slowly but surely.
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However, health concerned organizations want to ban the use of these products due to the increasing fears that they can cause harm to the consumers. For over 50 years, antibiotics have been added to the food of animals such as poultry, cattle and pigs. The main purpose for doing so is to lower the risk of disease in animals. Farm animals are housed together in overcrowded areas, which are very dirty. The hygiene level can get to such a poor state that they are often in contact with their own excreta as well as excreta of the other animals they
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He expresses this to the other animals, and the farm turns into a wave of thought and thinking. Major does not go into the dream in detail, and to avoid any objection breaks into the song, 'Beasts of England' (this suggests that there was actually no dream just a thought that Major had). He explains to the rest of the farm that Man is the only real enemy and that all animals are equal, this is stated when he says, 'All men are enemies, all animals are comrades.'
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A dictator such as Napoleon needs to preserve immense power. Most of all he needs to be Brilliant at proposing to others his ideas. A Dictator does away with anyone that objects to his decisions. He would need to have someone by his side at all times protecting him from any harm. Next he should be witty with using tactics. These features were common with the way in which Napoleon draw closer to power. Napoleon's best advantages were that he came from a back line of pigs, which he was.
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Orwell describes Snowball as a "more vivacious pig than Napoleon." We can see this whilst he is still on the farm, as he is always doing things to benefit the whole of the farm, not just himself whereas Napoleon is. "Snowball made a little speech, emphasizing the need for all animals to be ready to die for Animal farm if need be." It is evident from this quote that Snowball is very passionate about the farm and will do anything to improve it. His passion for the farm is very much shown at the battle of the cowshed where he is in charge of the attack against Jones and other farmers.
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When the animals came back, "the milk had disappeared". Napoleon used his physical presence to distract the animals from the milk. We can assume that it was Napoleon who had drunk the milk, henceforth breaking the seventh commandment "All animals are equal" which had been put into place that very day. The fact that he is greedy for food also suggests that he may be greedy for power. During the Battle of the Cowshed, most of the main characters are shown to be fighting in the heat of the battle, including Snowball, Boxer, Clover, Benjamin and Muriel; even the cat, a minor character, was mentioned.
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It is inhuman to condone and continue with these experiments. To this day animal experimentation is the worst type of torture one can imagine. It is beyond us to imagine humans being used in the place of animals. Animal rights activists believe that animals suffer as humans do, and that all creatures are entitled to be free from torture and pain. There have been close to no cures found despite millions of animals being sacrificed to experimentation each and every day. In Britain scientists use between 3 and 4 million animals per year, American scientists use around 17 to 22 million animals a year and this only for medical research.
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Compare and contrast the view that 'An Arrest' is a tale of nature rejecting a human villain with the view that it is concerned only with a vengeful superego
When he is on the run he decides to escape to the forest which may be as he is treated like an animal he starts to believe that he is one. The fact that the narrator states 'he had the folly to enter a forest' suggests that even though he thinks of himself as an animal, Brower is not and therefore does not belong in the forest- this proves that nature will inevitably try to discard him. As he enters the forest, we are told that 'the night was pretty dark with neither moon nor stars visible' which could be seen as a nature trying to confuse Brower.
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He puts up with pain, he is also dependable and represents all of the best qualities of the exploited animals (working class). This means Napoleon uses him selfishly to get the windmill built. Because Boxer thinks that Napoleon is always right and the other animals respect Boxer it helps to keep all the animals under control. Even when things don't seem to be following the seven commandments the animals including Boxer accept the pig's explanations, for example on page 51 Boxer is arguing about Snowball to Squealer but when Squealer shows Boxer some papers which he claims to show hat Snowball was on Mr.
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Which do you believe was more important in maintaining the domination of Napoleon: Propaganda or the use of terror or both equally?
These tactics also helped him expel Snowball who wasn't as selfish as he was. As soon as Snowball was expelled Napoleon put his plan into action by saying that Snowball was a dangerous character and a bad influence and that was the reason why he was firstly opposed to the idea of building the windmill. In his propaganda he made the animals believe that the windmill should be built for their own benefit but he actually he wanted to use it to keep the animals busy building the windmill so they wouldn't have any time to rebel.
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What is George Orwell's message in 'Animal Farm', and how does he use two of the animal characters in the novel to present his political views?
The animals started to realise that the pigs were not doing any work. The majority thought there must be an excellent reason for them not doing any work. "We pigs are the brain-workers. The whole management and organization of the farm depends on us" After hearing this, the animals understood that they were there to do the hard work, but they thought that was because they couldn't run the farm as well as the pigs. They did not mind lying to the animals and not doing any work while the other animals are.
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He has a kind, gentle, caring character that others feel safe around 'Last of all came the cat, who looked around, as usual, for the warmest place, and finally squeezed herself in between Boxer and Clover.' Boxer and Clover are used by Orwell to represent the proletariat, or the working class, in Russian society. This lower class is naturally drawn to Stalin (represented by Napoleon) because it seems as though they will benefit most from his new system. Since Boxer and the other low animals are not accustomed to the "good life," they can't really compare Napoleon's government to the life they had before under Jones.
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Jones and take control of the farm government for themselves. The animals' running of the farm is much more efficient than that of Mr. Jones and his men. For example, when the animals tend to the harvest, they produce far more product than the humans ever did on the farm. Napoleon and Snowball work together at first to govern the farm and its animals. They are able to come up with a set of commandments for all of the animals and also state that all animals are equal. However, a fight for power begins between Napoleon and Snowball similar to that in Russia between Stalin and Trotsky.
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From your reading of the book, what would you say are the things that most disgust Orwell regarding human behavior? Back up your view by referring in some detail to passages where you found Orwell's writing most powerful.
One of the very important techniques used by him is irony, along with some aspects of humour. An example of good use of this technique is a passage in chapter seven: "The three hens who had been the ringleaders in the attempted rebellion over the eggs now came forwards and stated that Snowball had appeared to them in a dream and incited them to disobey Napoleon's orders. They too, were slaughtered. Then a goose came forward...""...then a sheep confessed...""...and two other sheep confessed...They were all slain on the spot." Here, Orwell evokes a sense of irony with the long chain of confessions.
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They also make a point on the lives they have saved with animal testing. Lives from cancer have been saved, accidents which could have been fatal were avoided. However there is a side which is against vivisection. Here are the people who are against vivisection, with a few of their points. Animal experimentation is said to be necessary for the welfare and health of humans. This is simply not true less than 2% (1.16%) of human illnesses are ever seen in animals.
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Animal Farm was the first book in which I tried, with full consciousness of what I was doing, to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole."1 Orwell portrays a reenactment of the Russian Revolution, with major characters cast as farm animals and communism renamed "animalism." Similar to the historical story, the tyrants manipulated the ruled people, deceiving them with illusions of dignity and improved living conditions, while masterfully holding all of the power for themselves. Old Major whose visionary dream inspires the animals with their first concept of a revolution can be compared to Karl Marx, whose ideologies and writings eventually led to the communist revolution.
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Pleasant scenes of animal harmony avoid the political metaphor at times. In order to make the story more suitable for children the script is simplified and a lot of the atmosphere of the melancholy is ignored. The political issue like the cat who was meant to a traitor is not used in the film to make it less complicated for the kids. The struggle of building the windmill is not shown much in the film, as it could be too violent for the children. As in the fights of the windmill a lot of the animals are killed this will be too upsetting for the kids, so this fact is neglected.
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Orwell is critical of all types of leadership in the novel. Farmer Jones owns the farm before the revolution. He is weak and a drunkard who lets the farm deteriorate and neglects the animals in his charge. They are not fed properly and in the first paragraph of the novel we learn he is too drunk to lock up the poultry for the night hence putting their lives in danger. Quote The farm before the revolution is symbolic of a state that is governed autocratically, or by a monarch. Such leaders achieve their position by inheritance rather than merit or ability to do the job.
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Why continue experiments on animals if there is no point to it? Scientists who are performing outdated and inaccurate tests that prove no benefit to humans or animals are wasting millions of dollars every year (Animal Experimentation). A lot of money is spent on research; however this money instead could go to hospitals, hungry people, or even the building of more schools. It is said that humans and animals react differently to drugs (Animal experimentation). This is a proven fact that you cannot argue against. If one kind of animal is repeatedly tested on with the same drug (which is practiced continuously); this will all be done for no reason.
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It was horrible. They're burning them tomorrow so I will refuse to watch the television, although mum insists they won't show it. Finally its time to return to school, I'm glad for anything that can keep my mind off the major issue, not that it will, its all I think about at the moment. I'm trying to keep positive; the nearest report of it is over three hundred kilometres away, too far to reach us everyone keeps telling me. I didn't watch the television when I got home as when I arrived back my mum was sitting all hunched over the receiver of the phone in floods of tears.
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The embalmers' shop might be a fixed place, as in the case of those connected with the larger temples. Often, however, it was a movable tent - which could be set up near the home of the deceased. Removal of those parts most subject to putrefaction was the initial step in preparing a corpse for mummification. The embalmers placed the body on a narrow, table-like stand and proceeded to their task. The brain was removed through the nostrils by means of various metal probes and hooks. Such a method necessarily reduced the brain to a fragmentary state, and, as no remains of it are associated with mummies, we may assume that it was discarded.
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Most people now live in wood houses and wear modern clothing instead of animal skin clothes. Snowmobiles and outboards have been replaced with traditional vehicles. Still, the Inuit are trying to preserve their language and identity in a changing world. Their visual arts and sculpture are widely admired, and their growing political status is a hopeful sign for the future of "the people." Their land is mostly flat, treeless plains where the ground remains permanently frozen except for a few inches of the surface during the short summer season. Although some groups are settled on rivers and depend on fishing, and others follow inland caribou herds, most Eskimo's traditionally have lived primarily as hunters of maritime mammals (seals, walrus, and whales), they have always been situated near the sea.
- Word count: 1727